Instructables
Picture of How to Create Realistic Facial Prosthesis
I'm no expert in this field, I'm an amateur, but I can give you a blow-by-blow guide to how to create reasonably priced simple facial prosthesis for Halloween or other occasions.

I began honing my skills in a local haunted hay-ride(Trails to Terror at Highland Farms), they basically said "here's the stuff, you do it." So through trial and error I learned the way of making freaky prosthesis.

This instructable still under construction. Sorry I wish I had a more visual approach, and I will, for now it's going to be mostly words. Any suggestions are fully welcomed just shoot me a message. Thank you very much and I hope what's here is helpful.
 
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Step 1: Procure the Necessary Materials

So, what you'll need is simple

Liquid Latex: This stuff isn't exactly cheap but you won't need a huge supply. I used about 2 liquid ounces of the stuff over the course of 5 separate haunts.
Note:It's a lot cheaper to buy in bulk online, it's cheaper online even if you DON'T buy in bulk.

I Paid: $19.99 American for a 4.5 oz bottle, I overpaid from a costume shop.

Toilette Paper/Paper Towel: This is found in just about every household, I even nabbed some from a local grocery because I was broke and didn't feel like stealing from family. This will provide a matrix for the Liquid Latex to adhere to and build on.

I Paid: Free

Foam Sponge(s): This is for the more squeamish in applying make up/liquid latex, as I have found plenty of success of using just my fingers(however is a larger mess)

I didn't use, but you can buy some for: 8 sponges for $4.50

Optional Items

Cotton Swabs/Artificial Webbing: These items are easier to manipulate than just paper product.

Mirror: I would greatly suggest using one of these, however useful this is in creating symmetry in your prosthesis it isn't needed especially if you're not making it on your face.

Blow Dryer/Large Fan: This helps harden the latex quicker, air dry does just fine though.

Clay/Flat Non-Stick Surface: This is if you want to make the prosthesis off of the face. I prefer not using these because it's a snugger fit if it's made on the face. Clay comes in useful when it comes to sculpting more complicated effects.

Vaseline: Not for a moisturizer or lubricant, this time you choose to use it as a way to keep all original hair on your body.

Make-up: to hide you can use whatever color you see fit,

Step 2: Planning

Now you can do this quick and dirty, but the product generally is of poorer quality in comparison to those that are planned out at least a little bit.

Look at the subject to be modified(yourself, a friend, a foe?).

Go over the facial structure and decide what kind of prosthesis you/they want.
Scar
Burn
Gash
Slash
the possibilities are only limited to your creativity.

I would strongly suggest using a hat/bobby pins/bandana/wig cap to keep all hair out of your face while applying any make up/liquid latex unless you are bald than you have no real problem.

I look to enhance prevalent features such as cheeks/around the eyes/forehead

I try and avoid areas with high movement or other difficulties, the corners of the mouth/ areas around joints/ areas with lots of hair you don't want to remove.

I will go through prettying myself up for the haunt to show you how I do it.

Step 3: Create a base

Now that you've planned what you're going to do uncap your Liquid Latex and apply a layer to the area you plan to use. Rub the liquid in small circles making sure that you create uniformity in the layer of Liquid Latex.

Make sure that you cover slightly more skin than you plan to modify: doing this does two things, it is a more natural blend from skin to prosthesis(most store-bought prosthesis have a "Clean Cut" which draws attention and is a pain to cover up with make up) and it makes sure that you can remove the prosthesis from the work surface without damaging the detail.

Let dry, this is where the blow-dryer can come in handy.

It is an odd sensation to blow-dry your face and not your hair.

Now apply another thin coat of Liquid Latex, just enough to aid in the adhesion of the toilet paper.

Apply toilet paper by covering the area and dabbing the paper down getting rid of any unnecessary bumps/wrinkles and let dry. It is a lot easier if you use a little more toilet paper than you need in order to cover the whole area.

Rip any toilet paper that is not stuck to your face. Rip away from the middle of the area.
It doesn't have to be pretty and if you have any little edges sticking up you can use more liquid latex to stick them to the face.

This toilet paper will be the mantel for the whole prosthesis

TIP
If you are applying directly to face, cover any hair that will have liquid latex on it with vaseline. It is a bitch to pick at dried-up liquid latex from your eyebrows/hair/eyelashes for a week.

I've learned that less is more: Use only what you really need to get the job done correctly otherwise your prosthesis doesn't look as natural and sticks out from the shape of your face too much

Step 4: Start forming your prosthesis

I use 2 layers of toilet paper(base layer/latex layer/toilet paper) and then start forming. I plan to reuse the prosthesis, if you don't I'm sure building immediately on the base layer will be fine.

If you plan on just making a wrinkled effect: Apply toilet paper and scrunch up face. Having a blow-dryer handy makes this a lot quicker and easier(as well as reduces your chances of a face cramp). Keep face scrunched up while the liquid latex and paper is still moist.
This is a surprisingly very effective way of aging your face, you can get some real detail with the latex.

Scar Tissue/Gash: You can use two methods.
Method 1: For straight scars roll a piece of toilet paper in your fingers to create what looks like a rolled cigarette. Make two if you want to create a gash(One for each side of gash

Apply liquid latex to the base coat and start to stick on the rolled paper piece starting at the top end and working your way down.

Gash: Stick the second piece joining the two pieces at the top and then work your way down, leaving a space between the two pieces.

Method 2" Get your cotton/webbing out and remove a piece of cotton.

Pull at both ends of the cotton twisting your fingers in opposite directions.

If you pull both ends apart it's OK just roll both pieces between you fingers and start over.

Apply starting at top and tapping the cotton down
TIP: make sure you don't have any liquid latex residue on your fingers or the fibers will stick to your fingers and prosthesis ending in a huge mess and possibly some swearing.

Now you're going to have the top of the piece still dry and fluffy... this is the part where you're a little more liberal with the liquid latex.

Get a good drop of liquid latex on your finger/sponge and apply to the top making sure you dampen one spot at a time. Make sure it's enough to dampen the cotton immediately or the cotton will stick to your finger/sponge.

If you have extra from one spot work it down towards a still dry spot, but work out and down on the sides making sure not to pull away the cotton fibers.

I almost always go with two layers of cotton so that it is more prominent as I work in the dark.

If you are satisfied with the amount of scar material move on to shape it.
first flatten it against the skin and push one side up so as to fade the scar into the skin.
dab the cotton lightly with my fingers to make an uneven surface

Now if you are creating a wrinkled face scrunch your face and blow dry, or sit and wait for it to dry.

You can add another piece to make it look like a gash.

AT THE END OF BOTH METHODS: Apply another layer of liquid latex and toilet paper, when that layer dries add a last layer of liquid latex and let dry. Make sure to scrunch face every time you add a layer if you're making wrinkles with the scars/gashes.

Sore/Blister: Apply a layer of liquid latex and toilet paper to the base.

Before the liquid latex dries use your thumb and forefinger to pick at the surface lightly and form the open sores.

You can do layers if you want, get creative with it.

You can use all three of these effects together, just make sure that any sores are on the top or else they won't be noticeable and scrunch your face with every layer if you want wrinkles

TIP: you can make bullet holes and gashes with the same technique as Method 2 Scar just form the piece of cotton into a circle or apply strands of cotton as you go.

Step 5: Finish the piece up.

Saving more face
it's on.
Prosthetics saved on Paper towel.
Dressed Up
To finish all you need to do is add a layer of toilet paper and then let dry

Use a layer of liquid latex so that the piece looks just like skin and not dried toilet paper.

You're done!

Step 6: Taking Off the Prosthesis

You have two options

Ripping off: This option is easy
Without any regard for the prosthesis just rip off any piece making sure to remove any large pieces of latex(smaller pieces will come off with a good scrubbing).

Saving the prosthesis for later: Now ever prosthesis that I've made has had about a grand total cost of $2 to make. So I like to keep them if I can

Start at one corner of the prosthesis and pick at a corner until you have lifted slightly. Peel the prosthesis off as you would a band-aid, slowly but surely. Make sure you try and get as much extra as you can because you can always trim the prosthesis for the next time you use it.

Step 7: Reapplication

Picture of Reapplication
Use step 3 to form the mantel of the prosthetic.

Apply a coat of liquid latex to your piece, making sure that you cover every crook and nanny of the piece, air bubbles in the reapplication can be uncomfortable and won't be as secure as the first application.

Apply at the top and work your way down tapping out any bubbles with forefinger.

While waiting for latex to dry try and limit movement of the area so as not to create any air bubbles.

If you're ever in the Southern Rhode Island area in the month of October come on by and join us an evening, it's always a good show!

Trails to Terror at Highland Farms
KatH229 days ago
Can I buy 3rd degree at any store or does it have to come from a factory?
OnTheLevel4 years ago
These are incredible. You're really talented with makeup to be able to make these so realistic.
Another thing is I have a little bit of facial hair. Do you apply the liquid latex directly over the Vaseline? Or how does that work?
eskimojo (author)  chriswilliams8055 years ago
Generally you either shave, add vaseline(just enough to coat the hair), or grin and bare it. It shouldn't take much vaseline to cover some facial hair.
So all of these prosthesis are made from toilet paper?
eskimojo (author)  chriswilliams8055 years ago
Either toilet paper or simple cotton balls, you can always add texture with other membranes but those are the 2 that I use.
bhelpquest5 years ago
HI, THIS IS A COOL THING, DOES ANYONE KNOW HOW TO CREATE A NORMAL FACIAL PROSTHESIS, I AM LOOKING FOR SOMEONE WHO COULD POSSIBLY MAKE ME ONE I AM HAVE A DISFURING FACIAL PROBLEM BEVERLYMEDIC@AOL.COM (267) 982-0422
polysterene5 years ago
Thats a super creative way of creating prosthetics, im all for saving money! When your applying your prosthetic though, you might want to use Pros-aide, its alot less harsh on the skin than liquid latex, and easier to remove! Its a medical adhesive (who the hell knows what they would use it for in medicine) but it works great for prosthetics, trick is though, make sure you apply your Pros aide, onto your piece, the skin, and blow dry both. Pros-aide will only adhere once it is dry, It can be loosened with 99% alcohol, or for a much more pleasent clean up, use Neutrogena Sesamea Body Oil. as rediculous as this may sound, it works wonders. Also, if your getting any beads in your blood, add dishsoap or vodka if its in the mouth! Happy Haunting!!
Spint6 years ago
You can use spirit gum adhesive to reapply the prosthetic, and use spirit gum remover or something like it to remove it. Thats what I do anyway.
eskimojo (author)  Spint6 years ago
Yeah, I know that but the farm didn't supply us with any. However, we did have a fair amount of liquid latex, and you don't need a remover to take the latex off it just peels off nice and easy... well for me it does. A lot of people don't like the peeling off part, they have sensitive skin I guess, so for those who don't like that part they can use the spirit gum and remover for about $8 USD.
Spint eskimojo6 years ago
OH ya when you first apply it it's really easy to take off but when you reapply with the spirit gum you need the remover usually, which is what I was talking about.
Mfmalive6 years ago
Great job on the tutorial. I just hope I can get all the product and have similar effect. Here's an easy way out to scare your friends too..hehe
Video
invalid movie: http://www.break.com/usercontent/2008/11/How-NOT-to-scare-your-brother-598235.html

Greenehouse6 years ago
Great job, very well written and the photos really help. Did you just use makeup to color your work or is there something else that's better?
eskimojo (author)  Greenehouse6 years ago
The final pictures are all from a haunted hayride i worked for, so they did the coloring. They used air-guns and body paint. Grease paint will work just as well just make sure you put a light layer of talc or baby powder over it so as not to smear.
Mystillate6 years ago
There's a store around the corner from me that sells every prosthetic-making supply you'd ever need. I got a quart can of liquid latex for $16.00 the other day. The previous can I bought lasted about 6 years (only doing prosthetics for the Halloween season, of course). They have a web presence, but you have to call them to place an order. The website is http://www.russsimpson.com. Yes, that's 3 s's. :P
argosxilow6 years ago
Great 'ible! This is the same method I use for my prosthetics and I always get a lot of compliments. As for using spirit glue, I find that removing liquid latex is a much more pleasant experience than removing spirit glue. You can also just use Pro-adhesive, which is supposed to be the best option, but I've yet to personally try it out,
eskimojo (author)  argosxilow6 years ago
Thank you very much, I've only been using latex for the month of October myself. Besides that fact I received many compliments from fellow haunters and audience members alike. I personally like latex because you can use it to blend the edges, it comes off easily, and you don't need to apply extra chemicals to your face to remove it.
Totally. When I first started years ago, I didn't use it because I didn't know how to. Once I found tutorials online on how to use it, it rocked my prosthetics world.
MY LORD! $19.00 FOR 4.5 oz.! I bought a 16oz for like 12 bucks. i call that ripped off. :D
eskimojo (author)  MrAngryPants6 years ago
I KNOW it's a total rip, but it's a small state and not many people actually use the stuff often, so I guess that means they can ask for any price they want!
shantaram6 years ago
Such talent and imagination just love this site looks so spooky ....
Bites.bmp
eskimojo (author)  shantaram6 years ago
I'm glad you enjoyed, and I hope that this helped(or was at least entertaining).
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mg0930mg6 years ago
Nice job! I made a two-face costume. Using liquid latex, and got lots of screams.
thats cool