Introduction: How to Crochet a Granny Square

Picture of How to Crochet a Granny Square

There are several good Instructables with crochet patterns that show you how to use granny squares to make afghans, hats, scarves, bags etc. However, I did not see one on how to make a granny square. I hope this Instructable will fit the bill. It will teach you how to create this basic shape. There are lots of pictures as well as a detailed video describing the process. Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Good luck!

If this feels a little overwhelming, you may want to start here to learn the basic crochet stitch. This is an instructable I made for those who are just discovering crocheting.

Step 1: Making the First Round - From Slipknot to Joining

Picture of Making the First Round - From Slipknot to Joining

Make a slipknot with your yarn and insert the hook into the knot.

Chain 4 stitches.

Insert your hook into the first stitch (closest to the slipknot).

Yarn over and pull the yarn through the stitch. Slip the stitch through the loop on your hook.

This creates the ring (center of the granny square). Take note of the hole in the center of the ring, this is where all the work will be done for the first round.

Chain 3 stitches.

Double crochet into the ring

Double crochet into the ring again.

This set of stitches is the first "shell" of the granny square. A shell consists of three double crochets together in the same space. Please note that the chain of 3 takes the place of a double crochet.

The first round will consist of four shells. You will need to chain 2 stitches between each shell in the first round.

Chain 2 and make another shell by doing three double crochets into the ring (this is shell number 2).

Chain 2 again, make another shell by doing three double crochets into the ring (this is shell number 3).

Chain 2, yet again, and make the last shell for round one.

You now have 4 shells and are ready to join them together.

Chain 2 stitches then insert your hook into the second stitch of the first shell you made (the second stitch on the chain 3 we did directly after making the ring).

With your hook through the stitch, yarn over and pull through. Slip stitch through the loop on your hook.

That concludes the first round. All subsequent rounds are just a repeat of this round. The only difference is the number of shells you will make and the amount of chain stitches between shells.

Step 2: Round Two

Picture of Round Two

The first round of the square is complete. For round two start by simply chaining three stitches straight up.

Double crochet into the large hole near the base of the 'chain three'.

Double crochet again into the same hole. That makes three double crochets or a "shell".

Chain one. You only chain one between shells on the edge of the square. You chain two between a group of shells in the corner of the square.

Create another shell in the next hole.

Chain two.

Create another shell.

Repeat this pattern until the round is complete.

Join the first and last shell as shown in step one.

At this point you could keep going with as many rounds as you want, or you can finish the square off as it is. See step three for finishing off and sewing in the loose ends.

Step 3: Finishing Off

Picture of Finishing Off

In my example above I have added two more rounds to the granny square. You can add more or less, it is entirely up to you.

Once you have completed your last round, cut your working yard, leaving six to eight inches of yarn.

Pull the yard straight through the last slip stitch you just made. This will bind it off and keep it from unraveling.

Now to sew in the loose ends. Use a large needle and thread the yarn through it.

Insert the needle through several groupings of loops. Pull through and repeat several times. There is no magic formula for this step, just sew it in discretely. When you are done, pull it tight and cut it off.

Repeat the same step for the other loose end.

Congratulations, you have completed your granny square. I hope this helps someone out and if you have any questions, please feel free to ask. I will help in anyway that I can. Also, I would love to see pictures of any square that you make.



27sampson (author)2017-09-15

Thank you so much the easy to follow steps. Much appreciated.

AriadnaS1 made it! (author)2016-09-04

I try and try and I always come up with a circle. Never a square. I add stitches, make longer rounds... nothing woks. My brain seems to be crochet-impaired :-(

melrackley (author)AriadnaS12017-03-29

Me too!!!! I figured it out finally! One stitch to connect a shell on the long part of the square and two stiches to join two shells coming out of the same hole on the corners.

melrackley made it! (author)2017-03-29

Your instructions were great thank you!

couponperson (author)2017-03-21

Perfect for us beginners! I was so frustrated until I tried your instructions. Thanks to you, I'm now in the process of crocheting a granny square blanket. Thank you so much for "thinking like a beginner" so I could understand.

SandeeA2 (author)2017-03-03

Im having a horrible time learning the granny square!

Teddy Spear (author)SandeeA22017-03-06

Try first single crocheting and gradually work your way up!

SandeeA2 (author)2017-03-03

Im just learning myself !

JennHarmsen made it! (author)2016-12-25

I just started teaching myself tp crochet yesterday. End goal is a mermaid tail blanket for my neice. Your directions were awesome and so easy to follow. Thanks!

0mizuki0smith0 made it! (author)2016-11-09

It's not bad! I'm pretty pleased!

LisaL196 made it! (author)2016-09-24

Hi russm313 . Been trying to teach myself to crochet more than 6 feet of double and triple crochets rows. Found your video by accident today and after 8 hours I completed this square! BEST help I've seen out of dozens of videos. Thanks! <3

ToniL22 (author)2016-05-18

I've been trying to teach myself to crochet, and this is the BEST tutorial!
thankyou so much for taking the time to explain each step so simply and clearly, and for not including 20 minutes worth of useless information before and after each step. You should seriously think about starting some "how to make a tutorial" workshops!

SusyM1 made it! (author)2016-04-10

I haven't crocheted in over 20 years. This is my second attempt at the square. Once I sorted out the hook size I felt much better. Pretty happy with the result. Thanks for the easy to follow instructions

tabiano (author)2016-02-20

Thanks so much for the GREAT instructions! I'll look forward to whatever else you choose to explain. This made learning the granny square a snap!

anner1 (author)2016-01-18

Phew! Thanks! It's nice to learn how to do the basic building block of any blanket project.

snookes (author)2016-01-01

I've been crocheting for more years than I want to disclose:) My grandmother taught me as a child the basic stitches. I've recently picked up my hooks again in an attempt to make a sunflower granny square. I've read and watched so many books and tutorials that I was way too confused and gave up. I watched your video and read the instructions. You're a crocheting master! The instructions were clear and concise. Your voice is very soothing too! THANK YOU for sharing your talent!

EmmaR18 (author)2015-11-19

Does the hook size matter? I prefer to use a J hook but I'm afraid it may be to big.

AlejandraP2 (author)2015-09-02

Thanks, found this really helpful. I find it easier to follow written instructions and photos than vídeos. Thanks again!!

tobysmummy made it! (author)2015-06-30

thank you, this is so easy to follow. The first one went a little wrong but the 2nd came out fabulous but I'm not finished with it yet, thanks again :-)

ravenwing999 (author)2015-06-11

Thank you SO much!! I am a knitter who could never figure out crochet. I have spent the last couple of days making a couple of granny squares, pulling them out and beginning again after looking at instructions...not yours, but in ebooks. While I learned each stitch, instructions for the granny stitch were not quite complete enough. For instance you showed which hole to use, you pointed out when to chain specific amounts and why. With other's instructions I kept getting only three shells. I knew it wasn't right, but kept going. Got some funny looking ones!

Perhaps this is why so many of us have had trouble with crochet. Anyway, I appreciate your help and the time it took to make your instructable.

SandyD2 (author)2015-05-25

thank you so much. my friend showed me this pattern a few years ago, but I had lost the pattern and lost touch with my friend. JUST like the one she showed me a few years ago !!

flabbatank (author)2015-03-24

I've completed a 17by 17 granny square ,but it's a bit rippled :( .What would be the best method to make the square flat and even . Thanxs

grafarena (author)2015-02-25

I think you forgot that you have to slip stitch 3 stitches to get to the first opening in round 2 before the 3 chains.

lizzie47 (author)2015-01-26

Excellent video ~ many thanks !

Samantha Cody (author)2014-10-19

what is your YouTube name? These are the easiest to follow videos!

nkurth (author)2014-06-27

i made it :-) my blanket is growing :-D

MaDaYoMaJe (author)2014-06-05

Thank You!

mhusnik (author)2014-04-08

Thank you! Excellent and very easy to follow instructions.

rainbowbuttons (author)2014-01-24

only just started was just practicing the basic stitches now I'm on my way to making my own blanket thanks for sharing great instructions simply and easy to follow :-D

cyberlis (author)2013-11-15

One of the best instruction on how to crochet a granny square that I've ever seen! Great video and great step-by-step instructions! Had I seen this when I was first learning how to crochet a granny square, I would have understood the process immediately! Great job on both video and written instructions!

fourcats35 (author)2013-09-24

This tutorial has got to be the best ever presented and/or published. Thank you for going slow and showing each step so clearly. This has been a tremendous help

russm313 (author)fourcats352013-09-27

Thank you very much for saying so. It's always nice to hear that I was able to help someone. :)

songbird7812 (author)2013-07-07

Thank you! This actually makes sense! Other explanations made me feel like an idiot.

XxKawaiiPandaBearxX (author)2013-06-28

Thank god! Finally a granny square pattern I can understand!

XxKawaiiPandaBearxX (author)2013-06-28

Thank god! Finally a granny square pattern I can understand!

sandywoollyballs (author)2012-10-23

Thank you so much for these easy to follow instructions, I have tried many different websites and utube instructions but these are by far the best. I am now well on may way to making a granny blanket :-)

Poo0909 (author)2012-03-26

Wonderful. I am trying my best to do a Granny Square. I have the wool, I have the crochet hook, I have my hands and I have your instructable. It can't be so hard now, can it?
Here I go.........

bladeyarn (author)2011-06-17

I've attempted learning to crochet before, but no dice. Thanks to this Instructable, I can now make granny squares! Thank you very much!

lakramer (author)2010-06-26

I've never crocheted before, but your step-by-step pictures make it look so easy! I'm definitely going to try this now that I have clear instructions on how to crochet. Thank you for the help! <3

russm313 (author)lakramer2010-06-28

That sounds great! Please let me know how it goes and if I can help along the way.

Iridium7 (author)2010-02-12

 made 2 squares today. 138 more to go.

russm313 (author)Iridium72010-02-12

Awesome!  Hope they go well.

acexkeikai (author)2010-01-26

Thank you I never understood where you inserted the hook to join :) now I know Thank you very much :)

russm313 (author)acexkeikai2010-01-26

I am very glad it was helpful.  You are welcome.

Kiteman (author)2010-01-25

Years before I was born, my grandmother made a whole double-bed sized blanket out of these squares - she made them with scraps (she did a lot of knitting), so every square was different.

I still have the blanket.

russm313 (author)Kiteman2010-01-25

I love stories like that.  I bet it is a unique blanket, for sure.  I will have an instructable coming soon on a creative way to use these squares. 

Kiteman (author)russm3132010-01-25

It's really warm over a quilt, but it weighs a ton, which Kitewife finds uncomfortable.

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