If you fear that your tap water may not be ideal for drinking, or if you are in the great outdoors and running low on clean drinking water, this is the instructable for you! Learn how to distill water in your own kitchen with just a pot and some ice. No Laboratory or fancy equipment required. This method can also be easily adapted if you are in the wilderness.

Distilled water is not only great in preventing mineral build-up in machinery, but it also converts any water source, be it river water, lake water, salt water, or waste water (i.e urine) into clean drinking water. Distillation will remove bacteria, viruses, cysts, heavy metals, radionuclides, organics, inorganics, and particulates, leaving all chemicals, toxins and waste behind and creating pure, clean water.

Distillation is literally the method seen in nature, whereby: the sun heats the water on the earth's surface, the water is turned into a vapor (evaporation) and rises, leaving contaminants behind, to form clouds. As the upper atmosphere drops in temperature the vapors cool and convert back to water to form water droplets. Then once the droplets fall as rain (precipitation) the cycle starts over again.

Different types of methods can be used to distill water. Essentially, distillation entails boiling the water to produce vapor, leaving behind any and all contaminants, which luckily, have a higher boiling point than H20. Once the water entirely vaporizes, that vapor is put into a clean container where it condenses back into pure water. So merely boiling the water will not distill it, it will only potentially remove few toxins.

It is debatable whether drinking large amounts of distilled water is ideal for the human body. Some claim that because the distillation process strips the water of everything besides pure H2O, the natural occurring, potentially beneficial minerals are being extracted as well. However, some research has found that the potentially beneficial minerals present in water are unlikely to be able to be absorbed by the human body.

Let's get started!

(source: http://www.energiseforlife.com/us/distilled-water-...

Step 1: Materials

You will need:

A deep pot with a lid that is concave if turned upside side (i.e is domed if place on pot properly) This will be used to hold the ice.

Ice. Amount varies depending on outside temperature and how much water is being boiled. However, if you do not have access to ice, that is fine too. The condensation process will just take longer, but you can still have distilled water.

A glass bowl that floats. Depending how deep the bowl sinks naturally, you will need to keep checking to make sure the distilled end product does not cause it to sink. You'll figure this out as you begin seeing water forming in the glass bowl.

Adding something that can withstand the heat between the bottom of the bowl and the bottom of the pot could prevent the bowl from 'sinking' when getting filled above the 'floating level'.
<p>A simple way to do this would be to wrap a brick in foil (or similar) and set your bowl/container on that.</p>
<p>Getting Ice in the wild is easy if your near a Lake, Pond or River. I would just try to avoid any water treated with chlorine. In fact I would try to Avoid Chlorine in any water or food product. </p>
<p>Chlorine evaporates quite quickly so, if you're that concerned, pour your water &amp; let it sit for a few minutes &amp; the chlorine will be gone. You absorb more chlorine through your skin just taking a shower, than ingesting a glass of water.</p>
<p>but no matter how well you look at this picture , chlorine is poison flat out poison , If you live in the city filter out the chlorine, it's dangerous , </p>
<p>Ridiculous. Treating water with chlorine is one of the most important public health advances in history, and it has saved tens of millions of lives--people that used to die of cholera, typhus, and other water-borne epidemics that regularly devastated large cities. There is NO evidence that the amount of dissolved chlorine in treated tap water is harmful; and most of it escapes the water within a few minutes. </p><p>There are SO MUCH mythology and quackery around drinking water it's crazy. People will believe anything. The US has the safest tap water in the world. It has to be tested several times a day at the treatment facility (something that's NOT true of bottled water, which is why tap water is usually superior). I work with water engineers, and they all drink tap water. </p><p>Oh, and distilled water? It's simply not harmful <u>at all </u>to drink it. The amount of dissolved solids in normal tap water is only 20ppm or so; blood plasma is about 9000ppm, sea water about 35,000ppm. So by comparison, putting 20ppm tap water into your body's 9000ppm plasma is virtually identical with putting 0ppm distilled water into it--the osmotic difference between them is less than 0.02%, negligible. This myth has been around for decades and it's simply nonsense.</p>
<p>Well said Timothy</p>
<p>Public tap water in PBG, FL is registering 175ppm on my TDS so maybe where you are its 20 but most of the country is not so lucky I would assume.</p>
<p>I have bottled water delivered to my house because the tap water is undrinkable. It smells and tastes like sh!t. I live in rural upstate New York where this should not be the case, but it is. Personally I think it's because of all the pesticides used on the apple trees here that get into the ground water. </p><p>All that aside, I will not consume fluoride. There have been extensive studies about that little poison that are hard to ignore. If you're willing to dismiss all of that data, that's just grand! I think the world should work where each person makes educated decisions based on their own research. I don't think another human being should ever be able to tell me what I should or should not put into my body. If Mr. <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/Bellaizabella" rel="nofollow">Bellaizabella</a> from above post thinks chlorine is poison, it should absolutely be his right to avoid consuming it.</p>
<p>Wow I thought upstate New York would have very good quality tap water. </p><p>Yes pesticides can make water undrinkable! </p><p>But I can drink from my tap because my country's water is clean without having to distill the water. The only thing I use distilled water for is science experiments! But we all(should) know that the minerals in water are very good for us. </p>
Well of COURSE it's anyone right to drink or not to drink their tap water--I never said it wasn't. There are times when there are excellent reasons not to, as in Flint now, and apparently at your house.<br><br>Just saying that if you decide not to because you think chlorine is harmful, you're making that decision based on lots of evidence to the contrary. Lots of people refuse to fly becaus they think it's more dangerous than driving, but they're objectively wrong. They still have every right to that decision of course.<br><br>Lots of us though, try to make decisions based on the best existing evidence rather than uninformed opinion or anecdote. &quot;My grandfather smoked 3 packs a day and lived to be 90&quot; is not a valid basis to judge that smoking is safe. But I'm not going to stop you.
<p>that is a good look on it.</p><p>guys, just do whatever you want. blogging about it here won't change most peoples minds.</p><p>I have my views, you guys have yours. :)</p>
<p>Then why does much of Europe use ozonation rather than chlorine? Besides, this is not the issue since many or most municipalities are using chloramine. Chloramine does not evaporate out. The old method of leaving water out for 24 hours prior to using it in the fish tank does not work. The fish die. If city water is so healthy, please explain why equestrian stables have to filter their water. </p>
<p>water engineers huh?</p>
<p>Yes, water engineers. There are tens of thousands of municipal water systems in the country. The people that maintain the systems, monitor the water, add chemicals, etc., are called water engineers.</p>
<p>sorry i just thought it was funny.</p><p>actually, they would be called civil engineers, but i admit water engineers sounds better. :)</p>
They call themselves water engineers; that's good enough for me.
<p>I agree!</p><p>If the residents of Flint USA </p><p>Notte that USA, USA, USA</p><p>could just read your comment, sir, they would <br>be very much relieved to know their water supply is the safest in the <br>world. What were you thinking?</p>
<p>If the residents of Flint could just read your comment, sir, they would be very much relieved to know their water supply is the safest in the world. What were they thinking?</p>
Flint is a terrible situation, but it's a one-off. It doesn't change the fact of the overall safety of the American water system. As I'm sure you understand, your snark notwithstanding.
<p>Exactly correct. A bit strident, but I understand the frustration.</p>
<p>Then you better stop taking showers and swimming in pools. I was not kidding about absorbing chlorine through your skin. Every inch of your skin is absorbing the chlorine. </p>
<p>you have hydrochloric acid, in your stomach.</p><p>what happens when you put chlorine in water, most of it reacts with water to become extremely weak hydrochloric acid and releasing oxygen. but still extreemly well below the acidity level, of the stomach.</p><p>unless they, put to high of a concentration of chlorine in the water. which they, sometimes do to flush out the system. should the system become contaminated, like with a water main break.</p><p>but we are still talking, extremely low levels of chlorine. well below, the lower level toxic proportions. even when they flush out, the system.</p>
<p>yeah dude, it is very important. chlorine is one of the main ways we purify water.</p><p>go jump in a pool. lol XD</p>
<p>yes try to avoid water with lots of chlorine in it (i.e pool water).</p><p>Yes you can distill urine but for health don't drink pure urine(not distilled). </p>
This is a really great, simple method of distillation. Very clever, thanks for sharing! I also appreciated the introduction to potential health benefits of drinking distilled water. I never knew that was a thing.
<p>Seems as if someone has opened a big cans of worms with the distilled/fluoridated water is good/bad for you. I am going to use this technique because I never have distilled water for my steam iron when I need it. Personally, I don't care for the taste of distilled water, but thats just me. However, Dr. Andrew Weil says that properly distilled water which is water turned to steam and condensed back to water, is lacking virtually all bacteria, viruses, heavy metals and organic and inorganic contaminants. Distilling makes water as PURE as it possibly can be. Distilled water is nearly neutral in pH; it does not effect the bodies acid/base balance. AND, he says, we get our minerals from the food we eat, not water. See <a href="http://www.drweil.com" rel="nofollow"> www.drweil.com </a> and his article, Water, the Essential Nutrient</p><p>Reading some of the arguments over what's good or bad and having at least one commenter claiming there are studies to show drinking fluoridated water is not hazardous for us but did not cite these studies is no way to win a debate. Those of you who did cite articles, kudos, but the first rule of taking research as valid is to consider the source. &quot;Studies&quot; by the Dental Association or any group with interest in making money from the manufacturing of fluoride cannot be taken as scientific. They are heavily biased and should be read with a skeptical eye. Would we buy Goodyear tires because Goodyear says they are the best and safest tires available? No, but we might if unbiased, independent studies show that claim is true.</p><p>Please, check out these two studies: &quot;Exposure to fluoridated water and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevalence among children and adolescents in the United States: an ecological association&quot; by Ashley J. Malin and Christina Till published in Environmental Health 2015. The results of their study are eye-opening: &quot;State prevalence of artificial water fluoridation in 1992 significantly positively predicted state prevalence of ADHD in 2003, 2007 and 2011, even after controlling for socioeconomic status. A multivariate regression analysis showed that after socioeconomic status was controlled each 1% increase in artificial fluoridation prevalence in 1992 was associated with approximately 67,000 to 131,000 additional ADHD diagnoses from 2003 to 2011. Overall state water fluoridation prevalence (not distinguishing between fluoridation types) was also significantly positively correlated with state prevalence of ADHD for all but one year examined.&quot;</p><p><a href="http://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-015-0003-1" rel="nofollow">http://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-015-0003-1</a></p><p>&quot;Chronic fluoride toxicity decreases the number of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in rat brain&quot; from 2002 shows that fluoride toxicity effects neurodevelopment. </p><p>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0892-0362(02)00273-8. </p><p>As intriguing as both studies are, the authors of both say that more research needs to be done and until that happens, we will not know the truth of the effects of fluoride. Let's remember that before we tell others they do not know what they are talking about.</p>
That was a very thoughtful and well-balanced comment. Thank you for making it. It's nice to see positive contributions like this rather than bitter polemics (which are pointless no matter what side they support).
<p>First and foremost, what I would like to say, as far as whether you can guarantee if it's clean or not, it's clean. Do you know where tap water comes from ? I know in the state of Nevada, our water is filtered and extracted literally from our own waste. Then from there it's filtered, that is so disgusting, a few years back I spoke to a gentleman who was coming here to offer his invention, which was being used in California, and he would propose it to the state of Nevada, and see if they would like this water filtration alternative so we don't literally drink shitty water anymore. Leave it to Las Vegas to turn it down, so as far as whether this is clean, trust me it's clean, cleaner than our tap water. The problem is, with distilled water, it doesn't contain natural levels of fluoride like those found in natural springs, which prevent teeth decay, and damage. If you only drank distilled water you will end up getting cavities. My tip, I used to have cavities in like 3 of my teeth, I did nothing to remove them, I just decreased my sugar intake and typically switch between alkaline water, bottled water, and distilled. My teeth no longer have cavities, they went away on their own.</p>
<p>At a young age I learned that pure water was H2O. Made by steam distillation. Water with minerals is not pure H2O. Minerals give it a pleasing taste. Just like salt, NA, on a raw Avocado gives it a better taste than a Avocado without salt. But is it good for you? Yes we need salt but almost every commercially produced product we buy and use has it in it. We need to eat and drink a balanced diet to stay healthy. I started drinking and making my own distilled water at age 27 and have drank it for nearly 40 years. There were years where I drank very little steam distilled water as I am not perfect but at this old age where I am now I have no arthritis where most of my friends and brothers and sisters do and complain of aching joints. The minerals in ordinary water collect in your joints and only steam distilled water will remove these minerals. This life is a life of choices. Make the wrong choices on a regular basis your health will suffer in your old age. Nothing is as important as good health. Good tutorial.</p>
<p>Pretty clever but the title is misleading, it suggests that it is done with ice INSTEAD of heat. It is a regular heat driven still with ice cooling the condensate. The clever part is how you did it with no special plumbing. Usually the evaporated water is driven into a pipe that has some sort of inter cooler with cold water turning the steam or alcohol back to a liquid. Hey, I watch the &quot;Moonshiners &quot; TV show.</p>
<p>Thank you for sharing the information.</p>
<p>Distillation demineralizes water, but potentially hazardous volatile organic compounds are NOT screened out in the distillation process. So it is not a guarantor of a clean water source.</p>
<p>typical practice for distillation, is to discard the head to eliminate any contaminates on your distilling equipment. same as for distilling alcohol, to get rid of the fusel oil and other contaminates on the equipment.</p><p>there is a method, using like a green house. with a water pool, and using solar evaporation which collects on the glass sides and caught in trouphs. </p>
<p>But how would you do that with this bowl collection technique where there is no head to eliminate?</p>
<p>just do not let it fill, but a small portion to discard. don't wait for it to fill, the whole container. just enough to use as a rinse, for the container.</p>
<p>I still don't see how that would help. You have a head of methanol because it boils at a lower temperature than the ethanol. But these volatile compounds would be present at all times in a passive system like the bowl method.</p>
<p>your not all too familiar, with fractional distillation are you? liquids with a lower boiling point, are the first to boil off. when you distill alcohols, you do not let the temperature reach the boiling point of water. otherwise it, is a waste of energy, time, and effort.</p><p>and if you have methanol, let the water boil for a little bit. before you put the lid on, and start collecting the water. any chlorine, hydrochloric acid, other dissolved gasses, and lower boiling compounds will escape rapidly first. </p><p>however if your city uses chloramine, instead of chlorine this can be particular troublesome. since chloramine does not boil off that easily. recommended solution in this case, is a small amount of sodium thiosulfate or lemon juice. however the lemon juice, method is unstable for more than about a day.</p><p>and the problem i have, with this system. is that some of the collected water is going to keep vaporizing off also. thus reducing its, efficiency. i have several different types of condensers i use from Liebig to fractional distillation towers. but i, use the graham condenser for distilling water. </p><p>but you could even make a still, out of copper tubing coil and a metal canteen. </p>
<p>Your TL;DR is great an' all, but how would you remove VOCs in a <strong>passive</strong> system like the bowl method where you aren't heating to boiling/near boiling nor have a means to allow for outgassing?</p>
<p>well depending on the temp, it would just take longer to outgas. as the lower boiling compounds, will still outgas faster than the water. higher boiling compounds, would outgas at a slower rate than the water. so you, might be wise to discard the bottom 5% or 10% as well. </p>
<p>That was exactly my original point, distillation is not a <em>guarantor </em>of a clean water supply. I just wanted people to be aware of that fact. Especially if you are using a low heat, passive system like the bowl method.</p><p>But this is also why commercial home water distillation systems come with near boiling pre-heat stages, outgassing valves and secondary activated carbon filters.</p><p>Your starting material determines your course of action, obviously. If you know that VOCs are not a problem, then distill to remove other contaminants. If you aren't sure or know they are, then you are going to have to do some extra steps.</p>
<p>when dealing with unknowns, you must take the greater precaution. than when dealing, with known conditions.</p><p>this is why i recommended, throwing out the first five or ten percent. and to not boil all the water. but discard the last ten percent of the boiling or heated water. heat of the solution, will increase as contaminates become more concentrated.</p>
<p>but i might want to also caution, about too low of a temperature. where the soluble compounds, will not outgas at a lower temperature.</p><p>because they, have formed an affinity with the water. if you, are below their boiling point. since sufficient energy, is required to break that bond.</p><p>and run into the situation where the compound has raised or lowered, the boiling point of the water. and will reach a point, of equilibrium where it will maintain the solution at a certain percent for that temperature.</p><p>and is why water for laboratory use, is triple distilled.</p>
<p>I know the world we live in and it was named to me the day my sister came home from the hospital with a new baby. She was concerned that the baby might not be getting enough fluoride from breast milk and that her doctor actually informed her that fluoride in our drinking water should be considered as important as any other vitamin.</p><p>So in addition to natural feeding the baby should be given fluoridated children's bottled water- I never knew that such a thing existed and it took about half a day for me to decide NOT to kick this doctor in the face. </p><p>I have done my research and followed the narrative, I understand it is not necessarily debilitating nor even really harmful at trace levels even over a lifetime but &quot;really doctors of America?&quot; is THIS what they tell parents these days?</p>
If you aren't trolling and you actually think that fluoridated water is bad, then you have serious issues. You aren't drinking toothpaste. The amount of fluorine is so tiny that it's almost insignificant. It baffles me that you think dedicating your time looking through biased websites makes you smarter than people that have literally dedicated large chunks of their entire life towards biological science.

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