Introduction: How to Extend Yout USB Using UTP

This is my second Instructables. This time, I'm gonna tell everyone how to extend your USB using UTP. Why do you need to do so? Because the USB extender in shops only around 1,5 meters. It's very short, if you need 50 meters for a USB WiFi antenna on your roof. So I share to you people this technique.

P.S.: I will be making the Instructables of the Indonesia's style of USB WiFi antenna. The picture is below.

Step 1: Gather Your Parts

You need:
(1)USB Cable
(2)UTP Cable
(3)Small PVC Pipe
(4)Rubber tape
(5)thermofit / heatshrink

Step 2: The Making of Part 1

Open the UTP and USB cable. Put the small PVC pipe in the UTP cable. Put the thermofit in the USB cable. Then connect it like this:

white orange & orange to red,
white & green to white,
green to green,
and the rest to black.

Remeber to solder it.

Step 3: The Making of Part 2

Fit the pipe in the connections and close it with rubber tape. You're finished! Try it. If USB is not detected, then change the USB 1.1 to USB 2.0.

If it doesn't work, try the circuit below.

Comments

author
dahmane.khodja (author)2016-11-29

good

author
BillyS66 (author)2016-10-13

If you use the software solution, you don't need any cables or hardware - just Wireless USB extender - http://www.eltima.com/usb-over-wifi/

author
SiddharthK4 (author)2016-09-17

Hey!

I've a Microsoft Life-Cam HD-3000 and I want to transfer its feed to my laptop using a 30 meters cable. How can I do it?

I've used a 30m LAN cable and used USB RJ45 Extension cable for it, but the camera is not getting enough power.

author
hsingh44 (author)SiddharthK42016-10-04

I have a similar setup, I havent tried more than 12 feet,I use a 4 port extension to use two came on one lan cable - one usb port.

author
andresj4 (author)2016-01-07

good

author
hilmy.abiyyuvi (author)2015-04-20

Use adapter to prevent power loss :)

author

Adapter? What type of adapter and where?

author
jomac_uk (author)2014-05-28

There is a lack of research here, and a lot of misunderstanding about cables, ie twisted pair or shielded etc.

To put the record straight, its nothing do do with either of the above, you can have the best cable in the world, even fancy gold plated low resistance stuff, and the chances of getting any appreciable RELIABLE extra distance above the 5 metre limit is virtually zero.

The reason for this is not interference, nor is it voltage drop, but the timing of the signals that USB uses. Two of the cores are for power, +ve and Ground (red and black) the other two, green and white are clock and data (signal). The clock is a chain of pulses thats used to synchronise the data between the device and the PC, the data, well its just that. What happens when you extend a USB cable is to add a delay in the signals, for example, when a USB sevice wants to send data to the PC, it will do so on the start of the clock pulse, and any data it then sends is kept in step with the clock. As you increase the length of the cable, you increase this delay, to such a point where the data ends up completely out of step and meaningless to the other end.

There are other factors, but thats the reason in a nutshell.

author
ReneeC1 (author)jomac_uk2014-08-28

No, USB is differentially encoded; each data line is NRZI encoded data + clock. The D+ is the normal signal and D- is inverted. USB then uses a non-symmetric state to indicate end of packet. I cannot see how timing could be an issue when transmitting digital data over long distances unless one of the UTP pairs are of unequal length. USB does suffer from RF noise due to it's operating frequency, and at lengths also suffers from induced slew due to natural capacitance of the wires. The former can be guarded against with shielded-twisted-pair, the latter can only be avoided by keeping the cables short. High-Speed USB operating at 240 MHz is prone to RF interference at 720 MHz which is used by 3G and 4G cell phones. Full-Speed at 12 MHz or low-speed (750 kHz) would be far more practical at line lengths this long (aka, USB 1.1 if your BIOS supports downgrading or grab an old USB 1.1 hub from eBay).

author
jomac_uk (author)ReneeC12014-08-28

Its a timing issue....

http://www.usb.org/developers/usbfaq/#cab1

author
DanielW9 (author)KornelijeK2015-02-25

Those are active usb extenders, so they have some electronics at either end which allow further than normal transmission length (they use some other protocol/method than normal usb cables which allow longer distances). So they're not scams.

author
jherrerablandon (author)2015-02-12

i need create an usb extension of 100 meters

author
hamidlachguer (author)2013-04-23

can I use two lines to power a USB hub on the side of the female USB port ?

author
telfon (author)hamidlachguer2013-12-20

Sure, just add a capacitor across the power lines at the far end to smooth out power fluctuations.

author
lamelia (author)2012-10-16

Great uses of USB extender, KVMSwitchTech provides various kinds of USB extender products. To know more details visit http://www.kvmswitchtech.com/cat5-usb-extender-c11634.htm

author
lamelia (author)2012-10-16

Great uses of USB extender, KVMSwitchTech provides various kinds of USB extender products. To know more details visit http://www.kvmswitchtech.com/cat5-usb-extender-c11634.htm

author
rock2death (author)2012-09-17

Does 10 - 15 meters would work on a laptop?

author
electronicsalim (author)2012-09-09

what does that cirucuit above illustrate ?

author
niraj99799 (author)2012-04-04

I have a usb wabcame and i want to put in my office.. bt i want extend usb 25 meters so wat can i do?

author
nemfield (author)niraj997992012-04-21

Your best bet is to use a wireless Webcam. If you want to extend USB cables you'll need a repeater (or a USB hub every 5 meters) to do this properly. The USB2 specification is very clear about this. You may get ' lucky ' making a cable. But, the cost of making a cable (using quality copper cable) , and a few repeaters, and your time depugging problems will be more than an inexpensive wireless camera. Good Luck.

author
wcr_madmax (author)2011-09-26

The correct colors for any CAT 5 or CAT 6 cable are

1. slate-orange
2. orange
3. slate-blue
4. blue
5. slate-green
6. green
7. slate-brown
8. brown

author
sideshowbob01 (author)wcr_madmax2011-12-20

I'm using a CAT 5e cable as well... so what color combination should I use to connect this to the usb cabling?

author
ftube (author)2011-11-26

hi first thanks for the great work.

i tried that and its showing USD not recognized pls tell me how to solve this issues?

i am using windows 7 os

author
mlapid (author)2011-10-31

I made 7meters extension and it works fine. But it randomly disconnect my wifi usb adapter. Can someone help me?

author
bebub12 (author)2011-10-18

http://www.my-fisher-price.ru/

author
flame boyyyy (author)2011-10-08

why does it tell me that my usb device is unrecognized when i plug the device into the usb cable?

author

i got that same thing in windows 7, whats going on is that it doesn't have enough power, So what i did is set my motherboard to USB 1.1 in the BIOS and it work fine. But i works fine in linux with out setting all usb to 1.1.

In windows 7 if u dont want to do the USB 1.1 thing u can get it to work with some of the back ports of the PC try each one and try like a pen drive and the WiFi dongle then again i should say " may get it to work "

right now am looking to implement the following to try and solve my problem http://www.howtofixcomputers.com/forums/hardware/stupid-question-remote-usb-95093.html , http://193.189.160.28/seibert/HP/UsbEnh/UsbLongCable2.gif , http://193.189.160.28/seibert/HP/UsbEnh/UsbLongCable.gif o yea and this to http://imamqu.blogspot.com/2010/10/additional-power-supply-for-usb.html

author
mmariappan (author)2011-08-11

thanks its superb!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
works nicely

I am from tamilnadu, india

author
j21a2t89 (author)2009-03-23

Just a quick point you could use a usb hub (with all the plastic stripped off) to regenerate the signal. So using the utp as well you could extend the cable theorectically to any length. You would need to remove the power socket on the hub and have a powerful enough 5v source. hmm i should create an instructable.

author
grundisimo (author)j21a2t892011-07-22

This is correct although you would need a USB hub every fifteen feet or so.

author
theviper0308 (author)2009-06-12

i was tried using 15meter utp cable.but not works coz the power is drop down.

author
grundisimo (author)theviper03082011-07-22

15 Meters is WAY too long.

author
zeefar (author)2009-03-08

When I connect the flash drive to the connector through the set up of USB over UTP to PC, the computer does not read the data from my flash drive device, why is that?

author
Dexterdoom (author)zeefar2009-08-27

Most USB devices won't work with an extension that long without the aid of a USB powered hub. They use 5V provided by the computer, and the voltage drop over more than about 20 feet is enough to create a "USB device not recognized" by the PC. I Use webcams for security on my home, and have to use a powered hub or it won't pick the cams up. Try it.

author
k_man93 (author)Dexterdoom2009-10-18

 what if you use a USB "y" cable? that draws power from 2 ports, therefore doubling the power... am i correct on this?

author
grundisimo (author)k_man932011-07-22

No. Drawing power from two ports won't affect it. It will probably fry the USB device however. And even if it was plugged into two different ports on the computer it would only be able to transfer data from one.

author
grundisimo (author)Dexterdoom2011-07-22

It isn't the voltage that is affecting it. If the cable isn't shielded the interference could affect it or the data stream isn't powerful enough. It isn't voltage.

author

Your cord must be too long then

author
NickEloFun_1 (author)2009-09-02

Hi there. I already made up a 10M USB 2.0 cable and I thick I remember it works ok from the computer with a webcam. But I want a longer USB cable to use the webcam to take photographs about the house and outside. Can I use this telephone cable. It has 4 wires and is used for the telephone but I am not sure if it is the same as the UTP cable.

Sep02029.JPG
author
dombeef (author)NickEloFun_12010-01-03

You need 5 for ground wire

author
NickEloFun_1 (author)dombeef2010-01-04

Thank you.

author
grundisimo (author)NickEloFun_12011-07-22

In correction to the needing five statement, If the cable is shielded it'll work with just the four.

author
bayucandra (author)2010-01-19

This man doesn't included the detail way of put the IC and the input power, if some body need more clear picture, try to visit http://www.dhegleng.or.id/qe3/?p=136. I don't know is the man who wrote this instructables article and the man who wrote the article at the link i gave is same person. But the link i gave have more clear description. The problem only that my link is in Indonesian language, but don't worry it has clear picture just to see.

author
danraja (author)bayucandra2011-05-16

Hi Bayucandra,
thanks for your idea for using regulator IC7805 to power the usb device at farther end.but what is the maximu length of cable u have used.

tks.

danraja4082@gmail.com

author
anjumraza (author)2010-11-26

i was worried after puchasing evo usb for net surfing.signals were very week i made the utp wire and connectors and found that the signals were very high even a distance of 24 feet from computer to usb..thx instructable ...i loved that

author
instructables_nando (author)2010-08-25

I did this with a cheap 25ft UTP cable from e-bay and it worked perfect. I try with USB and web-cam there was no lag or anything like it while watching or capturing video; webcam to backyard, I have fear phobia.

author
rohit123 (author)2010-04-26

i want to keep my web cam 50meter away.purpose of keeping web cam far is monitoring of my small brother from my room.does it works properly.

author
ambo (author)2008-08-26

hello,i already follow your procedure for the usb extension using UTP,but i cannot make it detect as a 2.0 usb,coz ill use it with a 2.0 compatible devices.Please let me know if you have an answer for this.thank you

author
Derin (author)ambo2008-09-02

in my experience,USB 2.0 will talk USB 1.1 as well,and USB 1.1 can connect to USB 2.0 hosts.

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