Introduction: How to Fix Your Stereo Amplifier (Harman Kardon HK 620)

My stereo amplifier quit amplifying over the weekend. The LEDs still lit up, and it would still pass audio through the "tape out," but nothing went to the speakers. So, I decided to take it apart and see what I could find...

Step 1: Open It Up

Pull the cover off, and expect to find something obviously wrong.

When there's nothing obviously wrong, make disapproving noises and have your house-mate phone his brother to see if the brother still has an extra amplifier. When it turns out he doesn't, carry on to step 2.

Step 2: Vacuum Out All the Dust

I've had this amp since at least 1996 and it's never been opened, so that's plenty of time to accumulate some serious dust.

Vacuum out all the innards. Wire it back up and be amazed that all the channels now work.

Step 3: Reassemble

Put the cover back on and reconnect everything. Expect another 10 years of service before next cleaning.

Update: It has stopped working again twice since I originally wrote this, and both times vacuuming it out has fixed it.
Jan. 2008 - vacuumed, fixed again.
Feb. 2009 - vacuumed, didn't fix, vacuumed more vigorously and it fixed
Feb. 2009 - a week later it stopped working, and I vacuumed it gingerly, which fixed it.

There's no visible dust inside the amp. I don't think it's a loose wire because "pretend" vacuuming (or shaking for that matter) has no effect.

I posted a question about why this work here:
My integrated stereo amplifier periodically stops working. Why does vacuuming it out fix it?

Comments

author
Bechtel82 (author)2016-05-17

I have the same amp. Stopped working a few years ago. Never though of vacuuming it. Will try this weekend!!

Will be sweet if it works!

author
ariejan (author)2015-12-25

1) Vaccuum your equipment can cause damage due to ESD from the vaccuum cleaner! Use canned air or a compressor!

2) If vaccuuming 'fixes' your amp, there are other issues with it (probably loose solder contacts) that need to be fixed.

author
Brennn10 (author)2007-04-25

Same thing happens with my sister's digital camera. Dust accumulates and nothing ever works. I will definitely remember this for any problems I encounter with electronics. My, those are HUGE capacitors. -Brennn10

author
Aeshir (author)Brennn102007-05-04

Holy frack, yeah those are huge.

author
486dx4 (author)Aeshir2008-12-10

meh those are nothing, i picked up a couple of 500vdc 1200uf caps for my coilgun project and their almost the size of pop cans, and ive seen much bigger than them.

author
Callum Snowden (author)486dx42011-01-09

I've seen capacitors rated at 2vdc and 3000F!!!!!!! they are used in the industry like in trains?!

author
Kii (author)Brennn102007-06-07

Those look like power filter caps. You really do not want to mess around with them.

author
Callum Snowden (author)2011-01-09

Have you ever thought that vacuuming might pull away the static charge?

author
Alesana (author)2009-12-07

Hi , my pioneer amplifier A-443 works fine but the treble and the bass not working. And also a tick sound from inside always 10 or 15 second before another tick sound. I love to put some bass on songs but only the volume control the sound. Can you help me please.

Thanks
Alesana 

author
Callum Snowden (author)Alesana2011-01-09

My dad used to work for pioneer but then they went out of business in the UK so possibly could have asked him to have a look at any datasheets for it and common problems ;)

author
newtchewy33 (author)2007-07-29

i tried it on my hk 870 but it didnt work so i put a comp fan in it and now it works... but that worked in my pre amp though so thanx.

author
Punkguyta (author)newtchewy332009-07-24

Oooo HOW did you do that?? I want to mod a case fan into both of my stereos (a sony and a kenwood)

author
newtchewy33 (author)Punkguyta2010-10-01

i just found a space large enough to place the fan so that it blows across inside and wired it to an external power supply.

author
radium1962 (author)2010-09-23

I know this is a joke, but come on, don't waste our time. This is a site for learning. If I want cheeky humour I'd go watch The Colbert Report.

author
blahblah01 (author)2009-11-18

i dont mean to sound, well, mean, but i dont really find this of much help, because what if dust isnt the problem for other people?

author
jolshefsky (author)2009-08-17

Could you try the following two options: 1. Open amp and put it back together. See if that works. It may be time (i.e. overheating components somewhere, or some other problem.) 2. Rather than vacuuming, flex the circuit board and components gently: things you might bump with the vacuum. If this works, it might be a cold solder joint or a broken trace or solder joint. Try heating and reflowing suspiciously dirty joints and see if that makes the problem go away for a much longer time. Good luck.

author
daveanton (author)2008-02-27

did i miss something? Somewhere between STEP 1 & STEP 2 you: A) wired a different Amplifier in from said Brother B) did nothing And if you DID wire another AMP, wouldn't THAT be the very DEFINITION of INSTRUCTABLE? Or was this a VACUUM OUT THE RECIEVER INSTRUCTABLE? please 'splain Lucy.

author
ewilhelm (author)daveanton2008-02-27

I have clarified in the Instructable. I vacuumed out the amp and it started working again. In fact, the amp stopped working again about a month ago, I vacuumed it again, and again, got it working.

author
n0ukf (author)ewilhelm2008-03-16

I doubt it collected enough dust in that short time to be the cause of not working. More likely, you have a loose connection somewhere that was bumped when vacuuming. Or your outputs (transistors or integrated amp modules) are going bad and can't handle the heat of normal operation any more.

And you missed a step, wipe the dust off the outer cover.

author
486dx4 (author)n0ukf2008-12-10

i agree, but the dust could also have origionally caused overheating, i have an sterio amp i use for my guitar, probly built around 85, when i crank it up it starts to smell a bit kuz the dust burns, ive been meaning to take a can of air to it for a while now.

author
Aeshir (author)2007-05-04

My dad bought a Harmon/Kardon AVR 135 a year or so ago, just when everybody except my dad and brother (three other people in my family, including me) started to figure it out. The thing is, we never use any of the fancy controls for anything.

author
momsnacher (author)2007-04-28

that dynaco tuner is sweet. the kits were fun

author
acaz93 (author)2007-04-25

i will repair my amp after all thanx

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Bio: Eric J. Wilhelm is the founder of Instructables. He has a Ph.D. from MIT in Mechanical Engineering. Eric believes in making technology accessible through ... More »
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