How to Grow Pineapples

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Introduction: How to Grow Pineapples

Pineapples are wonderful fruit. Not only are they delicious, but they are also very easy to grow. All you really need to start growing your own pineapple farm is a pineapple and some dirt (and a pot if you live in a colder climate).

Step 1: Obtain a Pineapple...

Go to wherever you like buying fruit from, whether it be a supermarket, farmers market, or from a guy selling fruit on the side of the road. Buy a nice looking pineapple. Make sure it's nice and ripe. Take the fruit home, and move on to the next step...

Step 2: Cut and Eat...

Take your pineapple home with you. Rinse the fruit off, then place it on it's side on a cutting board. Take a knife and cut off the leafy top part of the pineapple, along with an inch or two of the pineapple's meat. Set this aside while you proceed to eat the rest of the pineapple

Step 3: Figure Out Where to Plant Pineapple...

Your leftover pineapple top from the previous step is all you need to grow a pineapple. A pineapple is a fruit, so therefore it can produce seeds, but from what I understand seeds are rare in domesticated pineapples. I've personally never gotten any seeds in any of my store bought or home grown pineapples. Because of the lack of an overflowing supply of seeds, using the cutting from the top of an eaten pineapple is the ideal way to go.

For the planting itself, I have found that putting the pineapple top directly into the ground works best. There are other techniques to planting pineapples, such as trimming all of the remaining fruit away leaving just the base of the leaves, then letting the top dry out for a few days, then putting the pineapple top in a glass of water until roots start growing, then finally planting the pineapple top into the ground. I have experimented with these extra steps and haven't had too much luck. Trimming all of the fruit away just seems to kill the pineapple plant, even before it is planted. Root sprouting in water resulted in some very moldy pineapple plants, which ended up no surviving. So with all of these extra steps that you could try, sticking the pineapple top directly into the ground seems to work best.

If you live in a warmer climate, you can plant your pineapple directly into the ground. Where I live, there is an occasional frost each winter, but that's about the worst of the cold weather. My pineapple plants handle that just fine. If your winter weather is any worse than the occasional freeze, plant your pineapple in a pot where you can take it inside.

When you pick out a spot (or pot) for your pineapple, make sure it has room. The plants grow to about five feet across and get spiny leaves, so take that into consideration when deciding where you plant your pineapple.

Step 4: Plant Your Pineapple

Once you have decided where to plant your pineapple, dig a hole in the dirt. The hole only needs to be deep enough to cover the fruit still attached to the pineapple's leaves. Place the pineapple in the hole, and cover with dirt, leaving the pineapple leaves exposed above ground.

If you're planting in a pot rather than the ground, the same applies with the only difference being that your dirt is contained within the pots walls.

Step 5: Water and Forget...

Once your pineapple is in the dirt, water the plant.

If you are growing your pineapple in the ground, you can basically forget about it for a while. Pineapples are very much maintenance free plants. After the initial plantings, I never go out of my way to purposely water my pineapple plants. It can't hurt if you do water your pineapple plants more often than when it rains, but the plants definitely won't die if you forget to water them every few days. My plants have lived several years with this let-them-be attitude and are now on the third season of the plants producing fruit.

If you are growing your pineapple in a pot where you bring the plant inside during colder weather, I would definitely water the pineapple more often.

Step 6: Wait...

Pineapple plants grow slowly. After about a year, you will definitely notice the growth in your plants. It took somewhere between 2-3 years for my plants to start producing fruit.

The fruit will start forming in the center of the pineapple plant. It starts out looking like a large bright red and yellow flower. The flower eventually transforms into the normal looking pineapple fruit that everyone is familiar with.

While you're waiting for the plant to produce a fruit, be on the lookout for animals living among the pineapple leaves. It seems tree frogs seem to enjoy resting among the plants...

Step 7: Harvest

Let your pineapples get ripe on the plant. They taste better that way, rather than the store bought pineapples that get ripe on the shelves. When the outside skin of the pineapple starts changing from brown to yellow, go outside with a saw and cut through the stalk supporting the pineapple. In this process of waiting for the opportune moment to pick your pineapple, be careful of the neighborhood squirrels. They also enjoy nice ripe pineapples, so if you don't beat them too it, you may go outside one morning and find your pineapple half devoured.

Take the pineapple inside and enjoy eating your home grown fruit. Enjoy it, and save the top so when you're finished you can make your pineapple plants multiply...

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My wife planted a single pineapple head in our backyard. Two pineapple plants (Heads) started growing at the same from the single planted head. How rare is this occurrence? Both producing heads producing pineapples now.

226 Comments

i just have put my pineapple in a pot after 3 months of waiting for roots i have finally moved to a new step . i hope my chickens don't eat it we it gets put in the ground . we are going to have two pineapples grown now cause we have one more sitting in water waiting for roots

We had started with one which has produced a pineapple every year. They multiply. I guess they send out root shoots. So it is that we have 5 pineapples this year and there's a young plant just starting a few feet away.

After you pick the pineapple does it grow another one? Or does it just die and you need to plans another?

1 reply

After a pineapple is picked, that part of the plant doesn't grow another pineapple but it will produce a "sucker" or "pup" and these will grow another pineapple.

My nephew Richard Westover just posted a photo of the pineapple he just grew onto facebook

. Check it out.

i have two beautiful plants that I have had for two years, outside in the summer and inside in the winter Texas gets cold but I have not seen any signs of a blossom is there something else that I need to do?

5 replies

I know this sounds like a joke but they need an apple -- no, seriously!! The apple slice will give off ethylene gas which encourages the plant to flower and set fruit. Simply place the plant in a large plastic bag, put a slice of apple on the crown, tie up the bag and put it in a warm shady spot. After 4 days, remove the plant from the bag, discard the apple slice and put the plant back in it's sunny place. After a few months you'll get beautiful little cluster of flowers followed by a small fruit -- about 6 months later, you should be able to enjoy the fruits of your labor!! Good luck!!

How can I do this with a plant that is in the ground? Thanks for the tip :]

Don't waste a good apple! Use peels and cores. Most any fruit scraps will do the trick...banana peels, etc.

the apple trick works. a slice of ripe pear does the same. be careful the bag isn't in the sun. heat buildup can cook a plant. another way to trigger a bloom is to lay your plant on its side for a week or ten days (hard to do this with an in-ground plant). for any of these triggers to work well, the plant must be large enough to support the production of a fruit. if you try this with a plant that's not ready, you may get a tennis ball sized pineapple - or none at all.

WOW I found this quite by accident while looking up some information for a friend! I, too, was wondering why my beautiful 2-1/2 y/o pineapple had never shown any sign of desiring to bloom and fruit. I've got to get apples for Thanksgiving anyway, so I'll reserve a slice for my baby! Thank you so much!

I already took the top off. I didn't read this in time to cut down a couple inches to grow. Can I stop plant the top? Will it grow & produce? Please anyone that can answer I would appreciate it. Thank you

Wonderful instructable. I've had good sucess in Tx. Two years in a row the plants got frostbit and it scared them into making pineapples.

Can it grow in GA in garden bed or I should plant it in the pot?

1 reply

Definitely in pots for Georgia. In the far South along the Florida border, you cold manage if they are covered with plastic in the winter. They are tropical and will be killed by frost.

Do you only get one pineapple per plant. Will that bush produce next year?

1 reply

pineapples do have seed. in nature, they are pollinated by hummingbirds. there are no hummingbirds in hawaii. thus hawaiian pineapples are seedless. pineapples raised elsewhere often have seeds.

I have a dozen pineapples that I don't want the squirrels and/racoon to eat as they have in the past. Any help with what I might do so that I get to eat them and not the animlas?

Can someone tell me what I have going here?

image.jpg
1 reply

that's called a "ratoon." it's a new pineapple plant. it will probably make a pineapple one year later than your larger plant. you can leave it where it is, or you can carefully break it off and give it its own pot.