Lucid dreaming is when you are aware you are dreaming. That's the simplest way of explaining it.
Aristotle stated, "often when one is asleep, there is something in consciousness which declares that what then presents itself is but a dream." During a dream, something strange will happen and you begin to question it, and that's when you realize you are dreaming.
Who can lucid dream?
Anyone. It takes dedication and practice, but over time you'll see anyone can do it.
Why lucid dream?
Lucid dreaming has been considered a way to escape stress and it gives you the freedom to do whatever you want in an environment of your choice.
Where did lucid dreaming come from?
Lucid dreaming has a lot of scientific and cultural history to it, and it's a lengthy explanation so more details can be found here.
Step 1: Things You'll Need
You'll need nothing else to achieve it.
Step 2: Keeping a Dream Journal
Step 3: REM
Step 4: Method 1: MILD
1. Set your alarm clock to wake you up 4.5, 6, or 7 hours after you've fallen asleep.
2. When you have woken up at any of these times, focus on what the dream(s) you had, and try to remember it as much as possible.
3. Once you've remembered your dream as best as you can, imagine yourself in the dream. Picture yourself being in your dream. Tell yourself out loud, "I will be aware that I am dreaming" until the thought as sunk in, then you're ready to fall back asleep.
Step 5: Method 2: WBTB
The process goes like this:
1. Set your alarm clock 5 hours after you sleep.
3. Focus on nothing but lucidity.
4. Go back to using the MILD technique
Step 6: Reality Checks
Recommended reality checks:
- Look at a digital clock to see if it remains constant.
- Look at text then look away. Does it change?
- Lean against a wall. Often times you'll fall through it if you're dreaming
- Cover your mouth and pinch your nose. Can you still breathe
Step 7: Helpful Tips
Always tell yourself you can do it, it will help your brain remember lucidity.
Sleep early. The earlier you can sleep the better chance you'll lucid dream.
For more details, (this is where I got my information) you can go to this WikiHow