Introduction: How to Make Chewing Gum

Chewing gum has been around in commercial form for over a century.

Even as far back at 5,000 years ago the act of chewing tree sap has been common in the americas.

This instructable will show you how to make chewing gum using chicle base and flavorings to make your own exciting gums.

We will cover sugared and sugar free gum (using stevia)

Step 1: Supply List

For this instructable you will need the following:

- Chicle Base (From Glee Gum) (Quick warning, Chicle is latex, if you have a latex allergy, please do not do this.)
- Sweetener
      -Sugar free version uses Stevia and Cornstarch
      -Sugar version uses powered sugar and rice syrup
- Wax Paper
- Container you don't care about
- Utensil you don't care about
- Pot with water
- Flavorings (We used LorAnn Oils)
- Citric acid (for fruity gums)

Step 2: Melting the Chicle Base

The gum base comes in little pellets and must be melted to be used. You could do this in the microwave but i opted for a makeshift double boiler using a pot and an old jar.
A word of caution, the chicle base is VERY sticky, the jar i used to heat it up i ended up throwing away along with the utensil i used to stir. It will ruin things, do not tread lightly.

One batch is about 1/4 of a cup, so i put that much in the jar, brought water to boil, and put the jar in the water.

After about 20 minutes the gum base begins to melt and gets very sticky.

Step 3: Kneading the Gum

One the gum base is nice and gooey, take it off the flame and scoop in onto a powered sugared surface. If you are going sugar free, use cornstarch.

Knead the gum around till it becomes nice a loose like taffy, if it sticks to your hands too much add more powdered sugar.

Step 4: Adding Sweeteners

Next you want to add your sweetener. if you are using rice syrup just pour it on the flattened gum. If you are using stevia, add to taste and fold it in.

Again pull and knead the gum to warm it up and mix the sugars around.



Step 5: Adding Flavorings

Adding the flavorings is tricky, you don't want to over do it but using a dropper or a steady hand just pour flavorings into the gum. You can chew a little bit of the gum to see when you get the taste to your liking.

For the mint gum i added spearmint extract, same for liquorice.

For the apple flavor, i used the apple candy flavoring and about 1/4 teaspoon of citric acid. If you want it more sour add more!

Step 6: Flattening and Cutting


Once you get to gum to the proper tastes to your liking, it's time to flatten it out and cut it.

i cut mine in squares after punching it flat, you could use a rolling pin.

Step 7: Serving and Packaging

After you cut it into squares you can put it into bowls to serve, wrap in little wax paper wrappers or put into ziplock bags.

The wax paper wrappers are cute, i would have put mine in an old altoids container but there were none at Instructables HQ...

I made a batch of spearmint, sour apple, and liquorice.

Step 8: Final Thoughts

The gum making was for the most part successful, a bit of the gum base makes quite a bit of gum. It was extremely messy so be prepared to get gum everywhere. Remember getting gum stuck in your hair? it's like that but with a huge glob.

A note on flavoring: flavors had a difficult time sticking to the gum, most flavors last about a minute. Mint gum on the other hand lasted for about 30 minutes.

Stevia was a good flavoring agent and successfully made a sugar free all natural gum. Some people who tried the stevia batch complained about the bitter aftertaste.

The gum all over the jar and spoon i used to the point  where it would have been a pain to try to clean them both. I ended up throwing them both away. If the gum gets on tools you want to save, put them in the freezer for a bit then you can scrape it off.

Please post any tips you have had from making your own gum! Feel free to experiment with flavor combinations as well!






Comments

author
jamgerard made it! (author)2017-01-21

how do i make blueberry gum

author
OriannaK made it! (author)2016-10-04

what flavor is the gum??

author
DavidK271 made it! (author)2016-03-04

How do you make it "softer" it definitely seems very tough to chew

author
qweencrystal made it! (author)2015-07-13

this is difficult i dont have all that stuff in my house

author
qweencrystal made it! (author)qweencrystal2015-07-13

girl

author
Mysterious_Gal made it! (author)2015-02-19

You could add colorfull dye and make it colorful.

author
Honestinwilkesbarre made it! (author)2012-09-21

Pay attention to the "chicle is latex" warning. Constant over-exposure to latex could cause you develop a latex sensitivity. So, chewing a lot of this homemade gum could possibly cause an allergy to develop, in some people.
Consider this, most people aren't born with an allergy to poison ivy. They develop it later in life due to exposure to it. This is also true for other substances.

author
shoshannah.shaman made it! (author)shoshannah.shaman2015-01-18

Chicle isn't latex. It is a natural gum base from the sapodilla tree. Latex is from the H. brasiliensis tree and has nothing to do with chicle, except that they are harvested in similar ways. But no, chicle isn't latex and it won't cause anyone to become allergic to latex even with repeated exposure. By the way, chicle was the gum base used by Wrigley for many years until it became cheaper to use synthetic rubber.

author
bgbdbill67 made it! (author)2014-06-05

To the comment cornstarch is a sugar. Wow that is simplifying things a bit. Cornstarch is a complex carbohydrate (yes a form of long chains of sugar)which it takes a long time for the body to breakdown. Thus it does not cause a glucose spike, that which is the most detrimental to diabetics. To just lump it as a sugar," so stay away", is lame. Why? Dietary fiber is also a sugar(an extremely complex carbohydrate ) that the body cannot convert to glucose so no sugar to the bloodstream at all.

author
dim20 made it! (author)2012-08-25

first of all im greek...
second its chios
third nice :D

author
Drisingr made it! (author)2012-03-28

Where would I buy some chicle, in a small amount?

author
praful777 made it! (author)2011-11-18

Great but consider a warning that chicle is latex (rubber) and most likely a real hazard to those with a latex allergy. That includes while it's being heated. Most chewing gums are synthetic these days.


chewing on mint or parsley

author
vdrain made it! (author)2011-10-11

Hey I noticed a lot of you were talking about the lack of choices in flavors and I just happened to find a site earlier. It's candyflavor.com and I know nothing about it except that they have a lot of flavors. Good Luck

author
sricciardi made it! (author)2011-09-18

im following your guide using lorann oils (it's been extremely helpful, thank you). But, precisely how much lorann flavoring did you add?

author
superado221 made it! (author)superado2212011-09-20

what kind of question is that^?

author
legoboy1 made it! (author)2011-01-29

awsome thanks for the help

author
kcls made it! (author)2010-06-04

Nice 'ible. I can't believe there was no Altoids container at HQ!

author
SGutshall made it! (author)SGutshall2010-10-23

There was no useless Altoids container.

author
CoolKoon made it! (author)2010-06-13

Just a note: cornstarch is a complex sugar, hence substituting powdered sugar with it won't make it "sugar-free" (i.e. suitable for diabetics for instance). I don't know of any suitable powdered agent though.

author
frenzy made it! (author)frenzy2010-06-13

maybe potato starch then? any ideas are welcome

author
CoolKoon made it! (author)CoolKoon2010-06-13

I suppose I wasn't clear enough: STARCH is a complex sugar, regardless of its origin (whether it's from corn, potato, wheat etc.). Check this out: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starch So a suitable substitute would be some fatty acids, glycerol, anything which prevents the bubblegum from becoming sticky.

author
RaNDoMLeiGH made it! (author)RaNDoMLeiGH2010-06-16

I'd be careful with the peanut butter...

author
1aminstructable made it! (author)2010-06-04

Great but consider a warning that chicle is latex (rubber) and most likely a real hazard to those with a latex allergy. That includes while it's being heated. Most chewing gums are synthetic these days.

author
frenzy made it! (author)frenzy2010-06-04


Thanks for the warning, i knew that. but not having a latex allergy i forgot to mention it.

author
shortone made it! (author)shortone2010-06-04

chicle is latex? really? That could be why some kinds of gum don't get along with me, I guess... Does anyone know which gums contain chicle? I guess I can't eat them.

author
frenzy made it! (author)frenzy2010-06-05

Glee gum claims to be the only brand in the US to still use real chicle

author
1aminstructable made it! (author)1aminstructable2010-06-05

All I know is that I got really excited about a gum that has no artificial sweeteners (Nearly everything including doublemint does now) and it proved to be chicle! I was sick and highly disappointed. :-(

author
MsViv made it! (author)MsViv2010-06-15

BAZOOKA bubble gum does not contain artificial sweeteners. It's the only kind of gum I can chew

author
1aminstructable made it! (author)1aminstructable2010-06-15

Thank you so very much for the info. I always like BAZOOKA even though it can be hard and not last very long. The comics were always cool. Or are you referring to the big chewy pieces? Thanks again.

author
shortone made it! (author)shortone2010-06-05

Thank you. I will avoid it then. :)

author
saperlipo made it! (author)2010-06-14

Super!

author
lordzamiel made it! (author)2010-06-14

Just a note about the "latex" comments and warnings, from Glee Gum's FAQ page: http://www.gleegum.com/faqs.htm#Is_the_chicle_in_Glee_Gum_safe_for_people_with_latex_allergies

Is the chicle in Glee Gum safe for people with latex allergies?

Yes, Glee Gum is safe for individuals with latex allergies. Although chicle is similar to latex, chicle is derived from the Manilkara sapota tree. Latex comes from the H. brasiliensis tree. People with latex allergies are allergic to the proteins of the H. brasiliensis tree, so they should have no problem with chicle.

author
HollyHarken made it! (author)2010-06-13

zack247 and atombomb1945, LorAnn doesn't make any of the flavoings that you want in a gum. It would be nice to have a real gum base that isn't based on latex. No wonder we aren't supposed to swallow gum, it's plastic!

author
stotty made it! (author)2010-06-13

Latex? Yuck! The original gum may have been made from Mastika which is a resin from the Pistacia lentiscus tree. Mastika today is only found on the Greek island of Chios. but It can be bought online and has been used for the treatment of many ailments. Could be worth a try.

author
komecake made it! (author)2010-06-06

I'm not a big gum eater, but this could be fun to do something. Maybe a chocolate rasberry flavor or buffalo wings! :D

author
bowmaster made it! (author)2010-06-06

Sweet, this is really cool. Now you can make 100% natural gum!

author
quesoman made it! (author)2010-06-05

Cool. I might try this sometime. How long does the flavor last?

author
1aminstructable made it! (author)2010-06-05

You are welcome/ Having a latex allergy, I worry about those who are unaware, Latex is sneaky in that each exposure increases the likelihood of a reaction.

author
zack247 made it! (author)2010-06-04

if i make this i know i'll be adding a LOT of flavoring. gum with a lot of flavor is the best

author
atombomb1945 made it! (author)2010-06-04

Flavors I have dreamed of for years: Coffee Rum Steak Ham Now, I can make my dreams come true.

author
zack247 made it! (author)zack2472010-06-04

dont forget about bacon, chicken and hamburgers!

author
bruno13069 made it! (author)bruno130692010-06-04

Don't forget the Blueberry flavor that makes you into a big blue ball being rolled around by Oompa Loompas!

author
TheChemiker made it! (author)TheChemiker2010-06-04

How true.

author
carljohn made it! (author)2010-06-04

Nice!

author
Culturespy made it! (author)2010-06-04

Pretty awesome. :)

author
lemonie made it! (author)2010-06-04

Wow

author
zascecs made it! (author)2010-06-04

That's pretty neat. I'm so addicted to this stuff that I might as well make some myself...

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