Introduction: How to Make FM Transmitter

A short range FM transmitter is a low-power FM radio transmitter that broadcasts a signal from a portable audio device (such as an MP3 player) to a standard FM radio. Most of these transmitters plug into the device's headphone jack and then broadcast the signal over an FM broadcast band frequency, so that it can be picked up by any nearby radio. This allows portable audio devices to make use of the louder or better sound quality of a home audio system or car stereo without requiring a wired connection. Being low-powered, most transmitters typically have a short range of 100–300 feet (30–100 meters), depending on the quality of the receiver, obstructions and elevation. Typically they broadcast on any FM frequency from 87.5 to 108.0 MHz in most of the world . In this project we design the circuit in such a way that ,the circuit will collect the input through aux cable and broadcast with in FM frequency range. The broadcasted output can be collected with a FM radio.

Now I am going to instruct how to make a FM Transmitter with less number of components.

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Lets Get Started..

Step 1: Components Required

Picture of Components Required


2N3904 - 2 [ Banggood ]

Resistors [ Banggood ]

100k Ω - 1

100Ω - 1

1M Ω - 1

1k Ω - 1

10k Ω - 3


0.1µH inductor (Air coil)

Capacitors [ Banggood ]

0.1µF - 2

40 pf trimmer - 1

4.7 pF - 1

10pF - 1



9V battery and clip [ Banggood ]

PCB [ Banggood ]

Step 2: Circuiting

Picture of Circuiting

I attached the pcb layout , you can directly use this , to etch the pcb.

Fritzing file of circuit is attached.

Once the pcb is prepared, insert the components in to pcb according too circuit and solder it.

Now we need to make Inductor, Take a copper wire of 18 gauge or 22 gauge.

For 18 Gauge wire, form a inductor with 4-5 turns of 1/4 inch (or)

For 22 Gauge wire, form a inductor with 8-10 turns of 1/4 inch.

Now solder the Inductor to the circuit,

If you have antenna, solder it or take hook up wire of 8-10cm as antenna.

I used 3.5mm female audio jack , because we can frequently plugin mic,audio devices easily.

If you uses mic ,it senses the audio and broadcast to near by fm radio. It can also be used as spy bug.

Step 3: Making PCB

In this , I used permanent marker as protective coat for pcb.

Step 4: Tuning Transmitter

Now the time to tune the transmitter, which is very hard and time taken process. Be patience while tuning.

By varying the trimmer capacitor ,you can vary the transmission frequency.

Slowly vary the trimmer capacitor, then at a point you can hear some distortion in radio.

Then slowly vary in that area, when transmitter and receiver frequency matches you can get the clear output from radio.

By tuning the frequency , making of FM transmitter is completed.

For detailed construction check the video below.

Step 5: Construction and Testing

Feel free to comment.

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VaibhavR9 (author)2017-03-22

How do you make it work with a male 3.5mm pin???

JunezRiyaz (author)VaibhavR92017-06-14

just in place mic attach the 3.5mm pin

gustavio101 (author)2017-03-28

Hi! Could you please send me the formula you used for calculating the inductance of the coil, my wires have other diameters.

Also, is the formula working with the metric system?

JunezRiyaz (author)2017-02-24

Thank you buddy..

the_3d6 (author)2017-02-24

Nice! Thanks for sharing

JunezRiyaz (author)the_3d62017-02-24

Thank you ..

About This Instructable




Bio: HI! I am Junez Riyaz, currently doing Bachelor of Technology in the field of Electronics and Communication Engineering. I am much interested in inventing something ... More »
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