Introduction: How to Make Stylish Kiridashi/Utility Knife

Picture of How to Make Stylish Kiridashi/Utility Knife

I'm not a huge knife enthusiast but couple months ago I tried making my first knife. That was a very interesting and quite simple project. Having some spare time on a weekend I tought I should make try to make another one. I have had this design stuck to my head for a long time but I never got around to making it.

The design of the knife is inspired by japanese kiridashi knives but insted of having a very simple and straight handle I wanted to add some curves still keeping the design simple. I added a groove (not sure if it's called that) for the index finger which makes the handle more comfortable. Overall I think the handle turned out very comfortable and I might do a new version of the knife with better materials and slightly improved design. The knife works well as a marking knife of as a utility knife.

Step 1: Materials and Tools

Materials:

Steel - I used only cheap 3 mm thick steel I had laying around but I recommend buying proper knife steel if you are not just practicing.

Wood - Also other types of handle materials could be used

Tools:

Angle grinder

Band saw

Rotary tool with small sanding drum

Belt sander

Sand paper 60, 180, 400, 800 and 2000 grit

Epoxy

Finish for the handle - I used brown shoe polish! (Yes, it works)

Step 2: Shaping the Blade

Picture of Shaping the Blade

First I traced my design on a peace of steel. First I cut the angle of the blade I wanted (as in the picture) with an angle grinder. Then I cut most of the extra material out as small triangles to save me the trouble of grinding all of the extra steel away. Then I used a concrete grinding disk I have (which is very effective in grinding steel) to shape the rough shape of the knife. Lastly I used a dremel with a small sanding drum to smooth out the edges still leaving a little room for last grinding which I will be doing after tha handle is attached.

Step 3: Sharpening the Blade

Picture of Sharpening the Blade

I used a compass to mark a straight line which I will be using as a guide while trying to get a straight bevel for the knife. I only made the bevel to one side only. This gives me sharper edge. At this point you should temper the edge of your knife if you are using a steel that can be tempered (here's a good instuructable on the subject). After grinding the shape of the edge I then sanded it with wet sand paper with grits 400 to 2000 trying to get the edge as sharp as possible and the blade as polished as possible.

I also sanded the area of the blade which will be covered with the handle with maybe 60 grit sand paper to give the epoxy some more surface area to attach to. This is especially important when you have a design without pins on the handle (like this one). If you polish the steel under the handle the epoxy might not stick to it and the wood will separate from the steel eventually.

Step 4: Shaping the Handle

Picture of Shaping the Handle

I drew the rough shape of the handle on my handle material. Then I cut the silhouette shape out from the material. I split the handle material from the middle to get 2 identical scales for the knife. Then I used the dremel with the sanding drum to shape the handle I had designed. I constantly tested the how the handle felt in my hand to make the handle really fit my hand perfectly. I still left some extra material for minor adjustments after the handle was attached. I had to finish the shaping of front end at this point in order to prevent the dremel causing any scratches to the polished steel.

Step 5: Finishing the Handle

Picture of Finishing the Handle

Next I used epoxy glue to attach the scales to the knife. Be careful when applying the epoxy to the fron part of the handle. You might run into some trouble if the epoxy is squeezed on the polished surface from under the scale when pressing the scale on it's place. It might be hard to clean up the epoxy. Because I used 5 minute epoxy I didn't have to use clamps to hold the scales down. I just kept them on their places by hand until the epoxy had hardedned enough. I used 5 minute epoxy but I let it dry over night because I have learned that the epoxy is still not completetly dry after a couple of hours. If the epoxy is not dry it will block your sanding paper and you might even accidentally rub the epoxy all over the surface of your project ruining it.

After gluing the scales on their places I finished shaping the handle with the dremel. This gave me smooth transition between the steel and the wooden parts. I finished the handle first by sanding it with 400 grit paper and then I used brown shoe polish to give the wood rich brown finish.

Shoe polish was an interesting experiment and it seems to work pretty well as a finish. Not only it gave the wood a nice color but it also gave it slight shine.

Step 6: Finished Product

Picture of Finished Product

Now the project is finished and its time to enjoy the finished product. Because I used a lot of thime in both designing the initial plans and shaping the actual handle it fits nearly perfectly in my hand. The curved handle also makes it more comfortable than most utility knives. Comfort is a key ingredient when you want to make really precise cuts. I recommend first drawinf a design based on these pictures and then cutting that out from cardboard to give you a rough idea how the handle fits in your hands. Then you can adjust the design according to your needs and make new models from cardboard until you think the handle fits your hand.

Thank you for taking time to read my instructable. Please, leave feedback and check out the build video!

Comments

monicahess (author)2017-09-13

Beautiful! I've replaced a few old handles and for some reason I didn't think of epoxy. I used Gorilla Glue with oak dowels. You've done a great job with the shape...it really is lovely.

DiyCoolStuff (author)monicahess2017-09-13

Thank you! Epoxy is great with wood because it goes in to the wood instead of staying only on the surface. It's also easy to ruin the project if you are not careful with the epoxy.

NotAPot2PN (author)2017-09-12

Elegant.

DiyCoolStuff (author)NotAPot2PN2017-09-12

Thanks!

Buso (author)2017-09-09

Great Instructable. Perfect shape and the choil may help provide control as a marking knife. The single bevel provides the best marking knife as well. I like your point regarding roughing up the steel "to give the epoxy some more surface area." It is also possible to gouge that area with the angle grinder or drill a hole or two for 'epoxy pins.'

DiyCoolStuff (author)Buso2017-09-10

Thanks! I think epoxy pins might be even ore effective because that would physically connect the scales to each other.

cavalier19 (author)2017-09-08

Really neat design.

DiyCoolStuff (author)cavalier192017-09-08

Thanks! I'm happy that you like it.

YDandAss (author)2017-09-07

Choil. That rounded unsharpened area on your blade is called the choil.

Very nice!

DiyCoolStuff (author)YDandAss2017-09-07

Thank you. I my knowledge on knives is still not very comprehensive. I googled choil and i found this picture. At least according to this picture what I was going for was more like a finger groove because I intended to use it for my index finger in some situations. Mainly I have my index finger on top of the blade like a surgeon. But thanks anyways, it's always nice to learn new things.

YDandAss (author)DiyCoolStuff2017-09-08

There's more than one type of choil. See the second image down at this page:
http://knifenews.com/choil-or-no-choil/
Best rgds,
YD

DiyCoolStuff (author)YDandAss2017-09-08

Thanks!

Matlek (author)2017-09-07

That is really nice!

DiyCoolStuff (author)Matlek2017-09-07

Thank you! I'm so inspired to do more when I see this many people enjoying my designs.

ShamWerks (author)2017-09-07

Nicely done! You got yourself a new Youtube subscriber! ;-)

DiyCoolStuff (author)ShamWerks2017-09-07

Thanks! I hope you enjoy my future videos. I will be making some other projects than knives too but I have already a couple of knife design ideas waiting that I have the time to make and film the projects.

On my channel I will be trying different things in my videos in future to find my own style. These are my first videos ever. Hopefully I can bring up the value these videos produce to my subscribers. If there is something you like or you don't like, please feel free to leave feedback.

PeterB411 (author)2017-09-07

Very nice, I've made a few of these and they are very useful.

BTW: I always make Kiridashi knives in pairs, a hidarite and a migite (literally left handed and right handed).

DiyCoolStuff (author)PeterB4112017-09-07

Thank you. I really know nothing about knives and it's nice to learn that kind of fun facts. When I made my first knife I literally did not know for example what full tang means. Im not even a big knife fan. I only have like a couple knifes I got as a kid and set of kithcen knives I bought when I moved out from my parents house. But I really liked making my two first knives so I will be making more when I have the time. Also I really like how Japanese knives (among other handcrafted items) look. So, thank you for sharing that piece of information.

LeslieGeee (author)2017-09-07

Very elegant!!! Reminds me of a stylized horses hoof and foreleg. You made it look so easy to accomplish.

DiyCoolStuff (author)LeslieGeee2017-09-07

Haha. Thank you, it's really rewarding to see that so many people like the design. I actually had not thought about that horses hoof thing but now that you mention I can see the resemblance. I have noticed that horses hoof has very elegant lines but I can't say that it has been a concious inspiration for the design. Now I will look for other inspiring shapes for my future projects.

Tince (author)2017-09-07

Really nice shaped knife. I've never made a knife before but I'm going to have a go at this. I have some blood wood and a couple of circular saw blades a friend gave me so the blade may not be as thick as yours, but i love that shape.

DiyCoolStuff (author)Tince2017-09-07

Thanks I'm really proud to have designed something that so many people like. I'm happy to inspire other makers in their projects. I recommend to cut out the design from cardboard and feeling how it feels in your hand. even though it's a 2D object I found it gave a really good impression on how well the handle will fit your hand.

Saw blade is definitely better steel than what I used. I don't think the thickness really matters except that you maybe can't have as wide ground area (I don't know the proper name for that) on the blade unless you grind the blade in really really low angle. I propably couldn't get any lower angle with my belt sander because it's not one of those knife making grinders.

seamster (author)2017-09-05

Very nice work! I really like the elegant shape you gave the handle.

DiyCoolStuff (author)seamster2017-09-06

Thanks!

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