How to Make a Dehumidifier (Thermoelectric Cooling)

60,675

479

69

Posted

Introduction: How to Make a Dehumidifier (Thermoelectric Cooling)

If you live in a humid area, or want to decrease the level moisture inside your house to prevent the growth of mold. This is the perfect Instructable for you, because I'm going to show you have to build a very easy to build dehumidifier from inexpensive parts you can find on Ebay. It will quickly remove moisture from the air by a phenomenon called condensation.

Basically we will build a device that extracts water from the air, maybe it also has a secondary use? Comment below!

Step 1: Materials

One of the main components is the peltier chip, also called a thermoelectric cooler. This is a 40x40mm chip that does something amazing! When powered from a 12V source (like a battery), one side will increase in temperature while the other side will decrease. The temperature difference is the required condition to make the water vapour in the air around us to transform into a liquid state, also called condensation.

You will also need an electric fan to pull the humid air through the device. The heat sinks will spread the heat and cold, making it more effective. Heat sink compound is necessary to achieve a good surface bond between the peltier and the heat sinks.

You can power the dehumidifier by either a 12V battery, or an adapter. In this Instructable I will be using a lithium polymer battery.

-Computer fan http://www.ebay.com/itm/152164778088?_trksid=p206...

-Large heat sink http://www.ebay.com/itm/322153363563?_trksid=p206...

-Small heat sink http://www.ebay.com/itm/331591409583?_trksid=p206...

-Peltier chip (thermoelectric cooler) http://www.ebay.com/itm/291568790291?_trksid=p206...

-Heat sink compound http://www.ebay.com/itm/391205942743?_trksid=p206...

-Scrap material, such as foam.

-12V battery http://www.ebay.com/itm/11-1V-3000mAh-30C-3S-Lipo...

All these parts can be found on Ebay for under 30$! You will also need some tools:

-Hot glue
-Solder station
-Knife
-Pliers
-Screwdriver + screws

Step 2: Assembly

Fasten the 80mm electric computer fan to the larger heat sink. This is the heat sink that will be increasing in temperature by the peltier chip. The fan will be pulling the air into the larger heat sink. Flip the heat sink over and add the compound to where the peltier will be placed.

Place the peltier chip in no specific orientation or upside/downside. If reversed, meaning the larger heat sink decreases in temperature, swap the positive and negative wires.

Place the peltier chip and press down firmly. Add compound to the smaller heat sink and push it agains the peltier chip. Screw it down if necessary.

Step 3: Stand

Take some scrap pieces of foam, or even cardboard, and cut 4 rectangular legs for the dehumidifier to stand on. Cut one of the short ends at a 45 degree angle and hot glue it to the fan as shown in the pictures.

Since the heat sink on the bottom will collect water it might start dripping if the air is humid enough. Make sure you have high enough legs to place a container underneath.

Step 4: Wiring

You will have a total of four wires, two from the peltier (black and red) and two from the electric fan (black and red). Solder the black wires to one of the pins on the electronic switch and solder another piece of wire to the middle pin from the switch.

Glue the switch to a convenient position on your dehumidifier, and solder the connector to the remaining two red wires and the black wire comming from the electronic switch.

I took the liberty to add LED lights, the main reason is because it makes it look better and lights it up during the dark hours. It also signals when the battery is connected to the dehumidifier, which can be very useful if you tend to forget things easily.

Step 5: Usage

Connect a fully charged battery, but remember to also purchase a small voltage alarm that will alarm you once the batteries is low.

After just 2 minutes drops of water is forming on the cold black heat sink indicating our dehumidifier is working properly. After 5 minutes the heat sink is covered with water extracted from the air. Proving that the device is very efficient and performs very well inside my garage where the humidity is low.

At just a 3 amps this setup will run for a little less than 1 hour. However, you can definitely get a much larger battery and achieve hours of run time on a single charge.

Don't buy does expensive dehumidifiers when you can build your own. Follow my instructions and you will have a device that runs efficiently, quietly and performs really well! Good luck, and comment below if you have any questions.

Please support me by subscribing to my YouTube-channel here: https://www.youtube.com/user/RcLifeOnSimon

Share

Recommendations

  • Science of Cooking

    Science of Cooking
  • Pocket-Sized Contest

    Pocket-Sized Contest
  • Spotless Contest

    Spotless Contest
user

We have a be nice policy.
Please be positive and constructive.

Tips

Questions

Hi, I'm thinking of making this a means of making a controlled environment(a box,really) with controllable humidity. Do you think there's a way to do this by using an extension of this project? Thank you.

64 Comments

Also note you can buy a fully built dehumidifier with a bucket and autoshut off for under $30 and don't have to worry about building...https://goo.gl/cvXq4U

I am trying to build a miniature version of this. To make it small enough to be easily portable. I have a peltier module that has a max amp of 6 and a max volt requirement of 2.1.

My question is how to select the correct battery. If I choose a battery that has an output that exceeds the amp or the volts what happens?

Gerdnaxela: You can use a voltage limiter to make sure you don't blow out the fan. Simply go to a RC shop and you can buy proper connections and get creative on how to make this work and look a bit better. You can also get a bucket to collect water and via gravity drain hav eit drain out an area of interest. If gravity drainage isn't an option, you can get a little pump that can turn on when the bucket fills up and dump it out to where you run a drain line...have fun tinkering...

use 2 peltiers.

one to cool the other, and use a big heat sink to cool the last one.

My brain instantly started wondering, looking at this design, what would it take to convert this to an outdoor solar powered water collector? (Or for that matter, build it so that it will pull distilled water.)

1) Build into a large mouth funnel. Likely add a "collar" to the top of the funnel. Cut vent holes all the way around the funnel above the area where the cool-sync will drip.
2) Add an "air filter" cloth around the vent slots.
3) Add a 12v solar panel lead and a battery charging circuit.
4) Put the funnel in a clean milk jug. Glass milk jug will have more weight.

Thoughts?

This is a terribly inefficient method to obtain water. You shouldn't drink the water you collect as it is either as the heatsink fins are a great breeding ground for bacteria, even more so when dust builds up. You could filter it and boil the water if you really wanted, but this is consumption we're talking about let alone the inefficiency of using a peltier.
"While peltiers are useful, they're not very efficient. Only around 5% of the electrical energy used to power them gets used for cooling."
In addition, photovoltaic (solar) panels only make electrical energy out of ~22% of sunlight.
In conclusion, yes it would work but you're better off taking fabric soaked in sea water, dirty water or even leaves from tree branches and having them sit in the sun inside a mini glass house. The suns direct thermal energy (~55% of sunlight) will evaporate the water and it will condense on the glass/plastic.

Awesome!!! Glad to see someone is working on it! Exactly what I envisioned - particularly the bike model. While this wouldn't work in the desert, it could be amazing somewhere humid!

Unless your airborne humidity is very high (ie, high dew point temperatures), the likely hood of a peltier module getting it's cold junction plate below the dew point of free air and making water is low and production would likely be very limited. A mechanical refrigeration system would be more likely to be effective on a cost per gallon basis IMHO.

Bear

There are commercially available peltier cooler dehumidifiers. You could dry your cellar and get distilled water. However, the efficiency ratings tend to be vague.

They should last a long time if made well, and the parts should be easily repaired (power supply, fan, cooler module) compared to a refrigerant based machine. Then again, I have a 30 year old dehumidifier that still runs like new.