Introduction: How to Make a Five-in-One Mini Wood Working Machine

Recently,I found myself so into wood making. Therefore, on the 18th Maker Marathon of Makeblock holding on Nov. 28th, I decided to DIY a mini wood-working machine which covers the functionalities of the lathe, drill machine, a milling machine, grinder, and sawing machine.

Most parts are from:

Step 1: Assemble the Crank.

Using threaded rod to drive the thread-drive beam, the crank comes with high precision;

Step 2: Assemble the Motion Platform of Y-axis

Step 3: Assemble the Motion Platform of X-axis

Step 4: Assemble the Motion Platform of XY-axis

Step 5: Assemble the Accessories for Lathe and Milling

Step 6: Assemble the Support and Stand

Step 7: Install the XY-axis Platform on the Stand

Step 8: Assemble the Bracket for the Spindle Motor.

I drilled an extra hole on the beam to fit them tightly

Step 9: Assemble the Brackets for the Guide Rail

Step 10: Install the Guide Rail and the Motor Bracket of the Main-axis

Step 11: Install the Compression Bar

Step 12: Install the Spindle Motor and Driver Board.

What I used was 555CNC motor with 24V power supply

Step 13: Assemble the Circuit Board and the Motor on the Rack.

Now the assembly has been accomplished!

Step 14: ​Last But Not Least

You can assemble various tools on the motor for processing different kinds of materials, like wood, Acrylic plates, glass fiber board, etc.

To avoid any injuries when the saw blade accidently flies out, it’s required to install a cover plate when use this 5-in-1 machine as a sawing machine.

Step 15: All Parts I Used

Step 16:


Cration (author)2015-12-15

I calculated the prices. It is about $300, the screws and nuts not included.

arowe3 (author)Cration2015-12-17

$300 not bad! less than what I have wrapped up in my RC Tuck.

arowe3 (author)2015-12-17

I'm so going to build one when I get some spare change. Even if I use it once, and just to have it sitting pretty. It's a cool piece of machinery. Sort of like my RC Revo truck....just a sexy big ol nitro powered beast with horizontal shocks. Good job on the craftsmanship.

bricabracwizard (author)2015-12-14

You can use a diamond blade (take out the saw blade) for tile cutting.....mosaics. They have blades as big as your saw blade. Nice build!

Kreat0r (author)2015-12-14

good one!

I ll build this!

spryor71 (author)2015-12-10

In all seriousness, I'm curious why the right thumbnail is left so long?

jpratt1701 (author)spryor712015-12-10

Left hand fingernails short, right hand long = fingerstyle guitar player.

Cration (author)jpratt17012015-12-10

Haha... I'm learning guqin recently. It's a seven-stringed plucked instrument.

spencer.dai.3 (author)Cration2015-12-14

Awesome. perhaps you can build a "Guqin player" by using Makeblock parts.

Cration (author)jpratt17012015-12-10

That's how it looks like.

WV_Kokamo_Joe (author)spryor712015-12-10

Thumb nail is a Wire stripper!

spryor71 (author)WV_Kokamo_Joe2015-12-10

Aaah yes!, I can see the "wire stripper" over guitar player.

bungee- (author)2015-12-08

Well as I calculated from online prices that is ~ $440 without PP. Unless there is a kit available with all the parts. A bit pricey if you ask me. But still looks good.

onedumbtrucker (author)bungee-2015-12-11

Make sure you check the quantities. The links in the instructable are for multi packs so where the OP lists 4 needed but the price listed is a 4 pack.

I got $357 USD without the driver board and motor mount.

Also the slide units listed are 16mm not 8mm. That drops another $20. And there are axis kits;

that may make it even cheaper.


My mistake, the bushing blocks are for 8mm shaft but the bearing blocks are still cheaper if the bolt hole pattern is the same.

treymartin82 (author)2015-12-10

What was your supplies cost and about how long did it take you to make this?


This is one project in our Makerathon. So it is cost less than 48h.

Cration (author)treymartin822015-12-10

I haven't calculate the cost yet. It was a "Makerathon" (something like a hackathon, but with more mechanical and electronic stuff) and it spent my partner and me about 20 hours.

pmshah (author)2015-12-10

Turning the speed controller counterclockwise to increase speed ? This is a first for me.

bongodrummer (author)2015-12-10

Nice. Could you could rig up a mini tool rest for when you use it as a lathe? Even a micro lathe would be easier to use accurately with a tool rest, right?

Cration (author)bongodrummer2015-12-10

Yeah, I think so. I'll try it this weekend. :)

SiegfriedS1 (author)2015-12-10

I hope you won the prize with this one. Well thought out and explained

precisely. Thumbs Up! Harley Bissell

steve.schmor (author)2015-12-10

You can buy 5 in one machines with half horse or more motors for about $500 off Craigs list and add the X Y table. Cheaper and more powerful. Nice build though but it's still a toy.

gkten (author)2015-12-09

Nice work! Can you please advise where the rest materials can be purchased ?

Cration (author)gkten2015-12-09

The threaded shafts are on sales. The length may be not exactly the same. But that's OK.

Maybe the motor driver can be found at Sparkfun or Seeed.

The CNC motor case is not on sale for now. You need something else to mount the motor. 3D printing will be good enough.

The rub pads are for shock absorption. You can easily find other things to do that.

gkten (author)Cration2015-12-10


sperez perez (author)2015-12-10

Is this really an instructable?????

anu2008 (author)2015-12-10

good it worth but nice idea

BoKKeR (author)2015-12-08

full price list?worj area size?

Cration (author)BoKKeR2015-12-09

This is not a mature product. It's just a prototype build with Makeblock parts. The operating range is determined by the size of parts you use, which can be modified by simply replace some beams.

remington700links (author)2015-12-09

Great project,I would love make something like this.
I am not familuar with this building system,so building from scratch would be a learning curve.


Makeblock system is very easy to grasp. :)

blackdog207 (author)2015-12-09

Saw is obviously overloading the motor in demo, and rather dramatically unsafe use.

Cration (author)blackdog2072015-12-09

Yes. Cover plate and goggles are indispensable. The motor is a high-speed normal-torque CNC motor. When used as a sawing machine, the torque may be not enough to saw thick boards.

garrettg7 (author)2015-12-09

this is amazing, and could easily be modified for 3D printing

Cration (author)garrettg72015-12-09

Thank you. The next step is to add several stepper motors. I'm trying to build a mini CNC on this basis.

ThomasK19 (author)2015-12-09

Milling with a drill chuck doesn't make much sense, does it?

gkten (author)2015-12-09

Nice work! Can you please advise where the rest materials can be purchased ?

andreinour (author)2015-12-08

This looks so cool !!! Congrats ! Thank you for sharing !

Yonatan24 (author)2015-12-08


That is so awesome!!!! Just incredible!!!!

How much was he total cost?

About This Instructable



Bio: Makeblock was founded in 2012 as the world's first open-source robot and programing platform. With more than 400 mechanical components, electronic modules, and software ... More »
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