Picture of How to Make an OAWR (Obstacle Avoiding Walking Robot)
This Instructable shows how to make a little walking robot which avoids obstacles (much like many commercially available options). But what's the fun in buying a toy when you can instead start with a motor, sheet of plastic and pile of bolts and proceed to build your own. Well I hope you share this attitude and please enjoy.

update - coming soon, lovely prepackaged kits from oomlout


--No difficult to source parts (no switches, relays, or IC's (everything but the motor is available at Home Depot).
--No soldering.
--Has a Mechano for grown-ups feel.
--Choice of options for cutting out pieces (scroll saw & drill, access to a laser cutter, purchasing online from Ponoko).

A quick video of the finished product walking through frame:

( A longer video of it navigating between obstacles can be found on step 7 )


(If you would like any of the files in an editable format they can be found on a parallel Instructable here )

(Coming Soon, an Instructable on how to use a microcontroller (Arduino) to control the robot)

(I have used metric units and components in this Instructable. However those more familiar with imperial units do not despair, replacing the metric component with their nearest imperial counterpart should work (although I have yet to test this)) .
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JamesX17 months ago

cool, a little to complicate

xzolian7 years ago
I'm in the process of building one of these guys but unfortunately my Tamiya Twin motor gear box didn't come with any cranks. Was it supposed to? Where can I buy some extra cranks from?
sbouse xzolian3 years ago
did you check out Pronoko?If that dosent work try mano factors site
clement.fletcher (author)  xzolian7 years ago
Hey; Oh that's not good news, It sounds like there may be a few versions of the Tamiya Gearbox to be purchased. Not sure the exact part number of the one which comes with the cranks. In a push remote control servo horns will work (it takes a little super glue to hold them in place). Regards Clement
erreur4017 years ago
hi ;
i make one in a bigger size ; it 'll be manage by an arduino to be atonomous

here is the link to the video

i 'll make an instructable when the project will be finish

thanks you

why not add a cover so its not showing wires?Yo can have bronze, silver or gold i picked bronze it has pointy feet like spikes but how does it start?Is there like a button or something?
clement.fletcher (author)  erreur4017 years ago
Hey; Wow it looks great, I like the look of the red acrylic and the prospects of what can be done giving it's Arduino brain. Regards Clement
101nemesis4 years ago
i got all the parts ready..
just gona start assembling it..
was wondering ..
it doesnt use any sensors how does it work..?
penester5 years ago
 This is very cool.
regipalka6 years ago
Not to be mean but in the video I'm really sure i saw that walk into the wall at the end
 it seems like that it's recorded by a camcorder has wide-angle lens.. so it made some illusion.. 
genesplicer6 years ago
I have a question. The motor kit did not have a crank (mentioned in step 5 of the assembly guide. Can anybody suggest a good substitute? Or, can you give me some dimensions that would work for making a substitute crank? Thanks!
jmontaa6 years ago
What is you add a pin on the front that goes in and out so that it can push the robot out of the corner? The pin could go in and out in slightly different directions. About the legs getting stuck. Looser joints may help. Maybe mount the legs on rubber bases so they wiggle a bit. That may also help with obstacles.
crohnsninja6 years ago
Im making the oawr and I went to a Home Depot in California and I was only able to get 3 items needed. Also...Where can I get the bolts. I cant find that small of bolts anywhere. Please reply I need help fast!!
Hi crohsninja;

Goodness me that is a bit of a surprise.

A fall back is all the a parts nuts bolts wires, battery boxes etc. can be bought online at McMaster Carr http://mcmaster.com

I also cant find a motor that comes with the two cranks. Were you able to find one with cranks? If so, where did you get it? Thanks a million!
maurice19936 years ago
hey, this give me a nyce idea to a robot, but this run off a little to the rule of K.I.S.S, either that, I'll buid and post here how I made mine. you're robot it's a very well job, realy goob enginering on it. five stars!
kl1nt_19946 years ago
how do you connect the wires to the motor
Madrias3576 years ago
Had a design once with 4 wheels instead of legs. Problem with it was it was too bloody fast. Sold it to a friend a few years ago, though, and he thought it was funny.
robomaniac6 years ago
Very nice robot. I see that is use the same circuit has the beetle robot.
andres366 years ago
I think this excellent manual is very detailed and very help full Loes the link attached to the center of robotics and vision of ESPOL place where many of these projects [http:// www.cvr.espol.edu.ec (ESPOL)]]Center for Vision & Robotics (ESPOL)]
codongolev7 years ago
I made something that turns around when it hits obstacles. it consists of two big wheels and a pivot rod. when it hits a wall, the pivot rod is thrust beneath the wheels , and it rotates. that means that for the second that the robot is supported by the rod, it turns about 90 degrees. when it goes back down, the rod flips back around and the robot continues. his name is earl g. (electronic always relocating little guy.)
mojoatomic7 years ago
Here it is with a picaxe 28x1, ping sonar and motors -
clement.fletcher (author)  mojoatomic7 years ago
Hey it looks rather brilliant, I do like how much more bug like it looks with the sonar on the front. Regards Clement
emilk7 years ago
you used some kind of cad software to make those blueprints for the parts ? this looks quite interesting I think for my next robot project. I figured i want to build a robot that can lift the legs independently back and forth up and down. with servo motors or something.
clement.fletcher (author)  emilk7 years ago
Hey; Well not so much CAD software I'm a bit of a Luddite and actually use Corel Draw for the design. Then for the three-D model I used Google's Sketchup. Strange you mention a more dexterous walker I actually have a six legged 12 servo version in the works which I will post here when completed. Regards Clement
mojoatomic7 years ago
Well, I cut the chassis last night on my Epilog laser. Made a few revision changes to fit the acrylic thickness from Home Depot (in Florida) and resized the holes to fit 4-40 screws available at Home Depot here in the states. Good easy project for those wanting to give it a try. For the fellow who asked about the Tamiya crank arms not coming with the motor - make sure to order Tamiya part# 70105 as it comes with 2 crank arms (among other things).
fidgety27 years ago
hey i am really looking into building this and can i get really really detailed instructions for this i know i am asking alot but i really want to build this if you can get me the instructions please e-mail me

colt457 years ago
what kind of motor do you use.
parwana907 years ago
cool Thanks
cotton7 years ago
its silly
brainspater7 years ago
that is very nice idea that you came up with, you should put a patent on it if there is no patents on your idea.
dickda7 years ago
Ah yes, very nice work - please do add the Arduino.
looks really cool, all gadgetish looking :-)
i like how it looks
Dorkfish927 years ago
Very cool! I'll make one of these of christmas break. The only thing I noticed wrong is that you say it is "Obstacle Avoiding" but it doesn't really avoid obstacles, it just goes around them and isn't stoped by them. +1!!!
Dorkfish is right, it's not an OAWR, it just an obstacle detecting walking robot... Avoidance require vision (IR sensor, sonar++) and some level of AI. This one just boldly walks ahead until it hits something (read: the whiskers hit something). Seems like a good project for beginners though. But I like 6 independent legs with at least 2 DOF (degrees of freedom) for my walkers.
clement.fletcher (author)  Dorkfish927 years ago
I hope you give it a go. On the name front too true it is more of a Bump And Go Around Walking Robot but the acronym BAGAWR didn't seem quite as friendly. Regards: Clement
ha ha. very true, cool robot though! I think this is a good way project to help give people that aren't good with soldering and complex electronics the chance to make a small robot.
cotton7 years ago
ok thx want to be frieds? and i love the funny robot
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