loading
Motorcycles are a lot of fun. They can also make for cheap and convenient transportation. I will try to describe a few easy steps to revive (salvage) most old motorcycles. You would not believe how many motorcycles are ridden for 5-10 years and then just parked in a shed or barn to rust. In my experience, I've been able to save about 80% of the old bikes I get, with about $25-$75 in parts and 3-6 hours of work. I've been given several old bikes because someone just wanted them out of the way. I've bought others for less than $250, and ridden them thousands of miles. Hopefully this instructable will give you the information you need to do the same.

NEW NOTE: The response to this instructable has been really good. I hope to do another one related to slightly more advanced/unusual issues related to saving old 2-wheelers. I've had a lot of good suggestions (Tires, exhaust,points, etc.) that I hope to include next go round. Thanks for your enthusiasm and your continued patience!!!

Step 1: Choosing Your Bike : Better Safe than Sorry!

First of all, any free bike is a good bike, even if you just use it for parts. When it comes to actually buying a fixer-upper, you need to check a few things before you lay your money down. The three things (put simply) that a bike needs to run are fuel, fire and compression. These suggestions are for when you purchase a non-running machine.

1. Is it all there? Many broken parts can be repaired easily and cheaply, but missing parts must (usually) be replaced. Pay special attention to gauges, side covers, carbs, sprockets, and brakes. Lots of these parts "walk away" while a bike is lying around unused.

2. Is the engine seized? A seized engine may or may not be a big deal. If you buy one with a seized engine, only pay scrap prices as the engine MAY (or may not) be ruined. I'll show in a later "Ible" how to deal with a seized engine.

3. Can you shift through the gears? Transmission work is no small undertaking (but not impossible) for the newbie!

4. Does it have compression? If you can kick it over (or crank it), check for compression.

5. Consider buying a semi-classic, as these machines are easiest to deal with when searching for replacement parts.
Re: Step #4: Some petcock/fuel valves have a vacuum line running to them, and fuel won't flow unless there's a vacuum. Hook up a vacuum pump to test in those cases.
Hi all <br>For vacuum pump I usualy use a syringe. Works great and it's cheap :)
<p>You're genius :)</p>
Great idea!!
That's true. I came across one of those the other day. It kind of surprised me as it was a low-quality, low-tech machine. I'm used to seeing that on newer heavier machines.
<p>So i have acess to an old bike, ive been eying it for months now,<br>its an old 1991 yamaha rx-100<br>its a very popular bike back in india <br>i really would like to fix it , but i want to do it myself or not at all<br>but i have no experience in any kind of garage work(i very desperateltywant to be able to do it)<br>it a total noob,but i have sense in fairly good amounts. I'm tight on cash too<br>does it make sense to you people(pro/semi-pros) for some one like me to attempt fixing it?</p><p>i could send in a picture <br>btw parts are not hard to find <br>but ill be doing every single thing for the first time,<br>also its pretty beaten un , no one has used it for 3-4 years now , it has rust in some places externally but the transmission seems not to be working<br><br><strong><em>(please say yes)</em></strong></p>
<p>Get a Haynes manual for the bike on ebay, some basic tools and go for it. Read the manual, check YouTube videos, join a discussion group for that bike and ask lots of questions. I'm not a mechanic or anything but I've changed the oil, replaced batteries, spark plugs and performed other basic maintenance on my 1994 Suzuki GS500. Unfortunately, I left this bike in my garage unused for 10 years and I'm doing my best to revive it. Youtube and my Haynes manual are teaching me what I need to do. Go slow, ask questions, and don't rush it. Use common sense and be cautious with fuel and electrical systems. Take care and I wish you success.</p><p>Alex R.</p>
<p>(its for my 18th birthday,liscense day)</p>
<p>I've got a 70s ducati here that I want to try to run. I have mechanic experience but I'm afraid of rust, on things like bolts...I'm afriad I'll strip something after its been siting so long</p>
<p>Thank you for this Instructable! Very clear instructions, and a fantastic guide for getting my baby up and running again. Currently working on cleaning out the carbs at the moment. This definitely gave me the confidence to get underway on this project after 3 years of &quot;Eva&quot; sitting in the garage. Thanks again, and looking forward to your advanced tutorial!</p>
Really like this instructable ! Recently used it to revive one of my own. I would like to add if I may that one tool everyone should pick up before jumping into a bike that has been abandoned in the weather is a manual impact driver. As most of your fasteners will be Phillips head screws that tend to round out with just a screwdriver.
Hi, any advice before I start up a bike thats been standing for about a year. 80s yamaha xj 650
Dear skunkbait, <br><br>Please help me! I have a Honda motorcycle and the pennies won't come out of the gas tank! I've tried everything (flushing, vacuuming, shaking). please help me!
<p>As soon as I saw the metal lip that the tank on my Honda CB650 has, I knew right away there'd be no way shaking stuff out would work! </p><p>For anyone with a tank like that, I'd advise NOT using pennies, as you can't get those things out of your tank with a magnet. Use steel washers/nuts or ferrous BBs, and retrieve them via a strong magnet taped or zip-tied to a paint stirrer or ruler or something.</p>
how did you end up getting them out, if you did?
<p>In step 4, I'd advise NOT using pennies, as you can't get those things out of your tank with a magnet. Use steel washers/nuts or ferrous BBs, and retrieve them via a strong magnet taped or zip-tied to a paint stirrer or ruler or something. </p><p>Some tanks, like that on my 1980 Honda CB650 have a lip that extends a good 1&quot; or so down thru the tank opening that makes it impossible to shake stuff out of it by holding the tank upside down. </p>
<p>My husband and I had always manged to stay friendly after our divorce, but I always wanted to get back together with him, and he was never sure. So, I thought it was about time i make him sure! All i took is to go to the internet and i requested for a specific love help, then i found out about Dr Lawrence.The spell is working and guess what? My ex is soon to be my husband again! This is a miracle. Thank you, Thank you Dr Lawrence.You can contact him on drlawrencespelltemple@hotmail.com he can be of great help to you</p>
<p>MY HUSBAND LEFT ME AFTER 9 YEARS OF MARRIAGE. IT WAS SO DEVASTATING UNTIL I MEET THIS SPELL CASTER WHO SAID HE COULD DO ANYTHING ANY MAN COULD THINK ABOUT I TOLD HIM ABOUT MY CONDITION AND HE ONLY ASKED FOR MY HUSBANDS DETAILS AND AFTER THREE DAYS HE CAME BEGGING. WE HAVE RENEWED OUR WEDDING VOWS AND ALL THANKS TO THE GREAT SPIRITUALIST DR LAWRENCE YOU CAN CONTACT HIM ON drlawrencespelltemple@hotmail.com</p>
Thats pretty nutty.hahaha
<p>Hi. Sorry to correct you, but the big Suzuki two-stroke twin is actually an earlier model. It's a Suzuki T500 (L version) from 1974. The following year was also a T500 (M version) and also the first year of the GT500 (also an M version). In 1976, Suzuki brought out the GT500A, followed by the GT500B in 1977. But that was the final year of the big Suzuki twin, and also the final model year of Suzuki's GT triple range (GT380, GT550 and GT750). A sad year indeed for big two stroke twins &amp; triples aficionados worldwide. The Suzuki GT500 had a single disc front brake whereas the T500 had a BIG (!!) tls (twin leading shoe) front brake. Also the paint scheme on the fuel tank is the same as here: http://www.suzukicycles.org/T-series/T500_models.shtml. I also had a 1971 T500R in 1981 (I was 17yrs young in that year!). Btw, Honda four stroke twins from the CB175 up to the CB500 were always excellent 'projects' to rebuild into v.reliable Jap classic runaround motorcycles. Just sayin'...!</p>
I trawl CL looking at old motorcycles all the time. I have a collection of pictures... I just love them. My fear of owning a bike w/ a carburetor has stopped me for ever buying one. I am still intimidated, but your post is inspiring!!! <br> <br>If you live in Seattle, you could totally teach classes on this. There are tons of people who want these old things. <br> <br>SA
Don't be afraid. If you go for a single or twin carb bike, it's not even that big of a hassle get set up!
Wow, you've had a lot of awesome bikes pass through your hands. I'd love to get an older bike like the RD350 or XS1100 you've got pictured or a Honda CB or Scrambler. As far as I'm concerned the look of those is just timeless and so much better than some of the exaggerated styles available now. If I ever manage to get my hands on one I'll have to remember to use this as a reference for repair.
Just finished working on my 1965 Yamaha YJ2S Campus 60, and now trying to get it sold. Anyway I am looking into getting another bike, possibly a 1970s Honda CB or Yamaha RD, what is &quot;a lot&quot; of miles on a bike like that? I am looking at a RD 350 that isn't running with 13,000 miles, and I don't know what to think. Help? <br>
The only word that came to my mind when I see a RD350 is... lust &nbsp; :-D
A buddy of mine just dropped off an old <a href="http://www.sherwoodmotorcycle.ca/service/tabid/194/Default.aspx" rel="nofollow">motorcycle</a> at my house. He's moving out of the country and can't do the repair work on it. It's in pretty good condition so I'm glad I found this. Thanks!
i would love to get a yamaha rd 350 2 stroke forever
I sure do miss my old one! But I still have a Kawasaki S2-350 two stroke...
as you cna tell from my username is that im crazy for 2 strokes i rode a 4 stroke dirtbike once and i hated it i like the unpredictable and violent powerband of the 2 stroke i cannot wait till the directinjected 2 stroke motorcycles come out check out the ossa enduro 250i a dream bike the expansion chamber under the exhaust is awesome too di incerases fuel economy by 45% and decrases emissions by 90% i think 2 strokes are making a grat come back onto the street
I look forward to seeing the future of two strokes. I like the smell and the sound, but I LOVE the brutal powerband. BAck in the 70's, my father-in-law had one that would wheelie, at highway speed, with the powerband alone- no clutch work! I also still have 3 Harley ring dings and a Bultaco Sherpa-T 350 (trials bike). <br>
i have a 97 honda cr 250 that im selling so i can go to university next year after my 5 years there ill get a new ducati 848 EVO and i will get a husquvarna te 300r which is comming out in 2014 just search direct injectes husquvarna 300 enduro i cannot wait till it comes out i just have to wait 2 years how awsome is that i cant wait for them to make it
Any advice for places to find bikes to restore under a grand? Im looking for something like a cb750 to fix up but cant find anything on craigslist...
sorry i meant bikes at
you can find old bikesmat scrap yards they usually put the good stuff aside and the employees either take it home or sell it
Be careful with older carbs. The metal is softer and if you use too much torque on the screws they strip easily. Rebuilt my fist carb which was a 78 Honda Goldwing. I stripped about 5 float bowl screws because I thought they needed to be tight. A good gasket will keep the fuel in. You don't need them super tight.
For much less of hassle, it's worth of getting NEW plugs at any case. I used to ride 1962 Vespa (piaggio) two strokes engine that required me to clean dirty plug so often. Real pain in the butt, though actually what I usually did only sand off the poles of plugs and bend it inward somehow makes it easier for it to spark. <br>When doing this, also check the spark plug cable derived from the coil. Often, connection isn't so free at this point. What I'do: unscrew plug from its house, cut the outer skin of plug cable about 2-3cm. Roll up the bones, make them neat and clean. Put it back on. Check if it fires again (kick start it) and connect it to (-) ground. <br><br>
i picked up this 1980 Honda cb650c for $400 and it was running but it stalled on my way home and it turned out that i was only running on three cylinders so i cleaned the carbs and now its only firing on one but i have full compression.
Hmmm, this might sound stupid, but how much gas do you have in it?<br><br>Is fuel flowing out of the lines going into the carbs if you detach them and turn the gas on at the tank?<br><br>What did you do to clean the carbs? Did you clean all the jets and blow out the idle circuits with compressed air or carb cleaner?<br><br>If all else fails, try new plugs.
i used a bath and soaked the carb parts then put them back together that didn't work so i replaced the fuel line but thats because somebody had trimmed it to nothing at all so i gave in and got 4 new plugs and it is now running but its slow jets are gummed up on the right 2 carbs. i got my bags on today and will be putting a windshield and highway pegs with a stereo on latter and im having my friend paint the tank. and im just going to ride it for a couple of days and see if it fixes the slow idle.
If the jets are gummed up, the best way to fix it would be to remove the jet, take a small piece of wire (like from a wire brush), and poke all of the crud out of it (be careful not to scrape the brass), then blow it out with compressed air or carb cleaner.
ok its running now but i need to sink the carbs but i don't want to spend the cash on a balancer. i think i see my next instructabul
Twin carbs on a bike like that shouldn't be TOO hard to get ALMOST right. It is definitely possible to set four carbs by ear/sight/feel, but it's a lot of trial and error. Get them running as similarly as possible (spark plug condition, after a little running will let you know if they are similar). Also, soome bikes kinda need the intake to be through a common plenum. If so, get it as close as possible, and then re-install the airbox, BEFORE you decide if it's REALLY right or not.
well i think I'll try <a href="http://forums.sohc4.net/index.php?topic=58677.0">this</a> and tune it up<br>
That looks good. I may make one of those. <br> <br>Doing it by ear/feel is difficult. <br> <br>-Make sure all cylinders are hitting. <br> <br>-With airbox off, and engine running, try to determine if each carb is drawing a similar amount of air. You may have to get creative here. <br> <br>-If it has good power, and all cylinders are firing, then you go through a series of in-and-out tests with good spark plugs. <br> <br>- If you can get the bike to run well, place four clean plugs in. run for 2 minutes and check. IF ALL THE PLUGS ARE THE SAME COLOUR, AND NOT SOOTY OR OILY, then it's probably as close as you can get without the right equipment. CHeck periodically to make sure one or more is not running rich/lean. <br> <br>- If one (or more) plug is fouled/sooty/etc, then adjust the MIXTURE (usually not the idle) to the corresponding carb. <br> <br>PS- Get a good diagram to tell you how to read your plug conditions.
sad day i got it running and balanced but then i sprung a fuel leak and am now waiting on a new set of o-rings from e-bay
We've all been there! I'm dealing with a set of leaky petcocks on a '76 Yamaha this week....
well i got new rings at a Yamaha shop and got it balanced using my Frankenstein carb balance but am now having trouble with hard acceleration, if i role on the throttle slowly it works fine but if i crank on it is splutters, pops and smokes. im thinking it could ether be a air leak or the less pleasant bad accelerator pump what would your thoughts be on this?
I'm dealin with the exact same issue on my everyday rider! <br> <br>Sounds like an air leak. Might also be a fuel supply issue. Don't forget, tight new rings might even give you probs until they are broken in.
do you think it could be to tight of a fit of the ring on the pilot screw?
Hmmmm??... I kinda doubt it, but I have seen stranger things. <br> <br> I actually thought of something else on the ride home from work this morning(65 miles!), but now I can't remember it. I'll message you if I can remember it.

About This Instructable

373,037views

592favorites

License:

More by skunkbait:How to Clean a Muzzleloader (Black Powder Rifle). How to Store a Gun Safely How to Revive an Old Motorcycle: Save Money on Gas/Fuel! Cheap Ride! 
Add instructable to: