5.Runners running for charities, to lose weight, or for well-being. Their goal is to enjoy the race and finish the marathon.
4.Runners who have completed one or more previous marathons. They have a finishing time goal.
3.Runners who want to qualify for certain races with strict qualifying time standards such as Boston
2.Runners who belong to a local competitive running club: they regularly participate in races. Their goals are to achieve a certain time goal and finish very high within their age or gender categories. They sometime win awards and free entry for future races.
1.Professional runners, runners with shoe sponsors, Olympic trial qualifiers: their goal is to finish on the podium and earn money for either the finish time or the placement in the race.
Make sure your goal is challenging, but attainable.