Picture of How to Safely Catch a Snake
If you're looking for some cowboy celebrity stunt of grabbing snakes out of trees and so on, you're in the wrong place.

This guide works well in conjunction with the two other snake-related Instructables:
Snake (or Hook) Stick - which can be viewed here.
Snake Tube - which can be viewed here

There are a few things to remember when dealing with snakes:

1) Snakes are not toys. Only catch a snake for qualified research purposes, or if you absolutely have to. Remember, it's stressful for the animal to be captured.
2) Start small. Don't try catching a 2-metre cobra on your first day out, you'll come off second best. Start with practising the wrist movements and techniques on a rubber snake or a thick piece of rope. The rope works well because if it's as thick as a snake, it reacts a little bit like one in terms of flexibility. Once you're confident in that, move onto a harmless species, and practise on it. Preferably use a specimen bred in captivity as opposed to a wild snake. Captive-breds are more used to human interaction and you'll therefore cause it less stress.
4) Know your species. Pretty basic, but important. Know what snakes you're likely to encounter around your area, some are more aggressive than others etc etc etc.
6) Focus on the snake. Don't answer your phone with a snake in the hand, again, you'll come off second best.

And this is probably the most important thing to remember when dealing with venomous snakes:
COMPLACENCY KILLS. Just because you've caught a hundred snakes successfully doesn't change anything. 

Finally, this is obviously just a guide - I recommend attending a handling course or something similar where a professional can teach you face to face about dealing with snakes.

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sharathk511 days ago
I just wanted to know..... Is the baby russell viper is enough venomous to kill an adult...!! Let's say any baby venomous snake of nearly 1 or 2 ft in length.... What happens if we get bitten.?? Catching a long snake is less complicated than catching a baby one...
Tel me the solution to how to catch a baby snakes....... Please..
handsome23 years ago
Hey, ShutterEye, I have to respectfully disagree with your method of catching and controlling snakes. As you have mentioned, some snakes can quickly reverse direction when you have them by the tail, and actually use their muscles to support their bodies when moving toward you. Even Crocodile Hunter, Steve Irwin, had to drop snake tails when the heads started to move toward him, and he was an expert snake handler. His problem when handling snakes was more to showboat, rather than to be instructive. Of course we didn't see Irwin get bit on his show by anything poisonous, but I'll bet it happened more than once. In the end he got "bit" by a ray when he swam too close. He was careless with both snakes and rays.

Better to just pin the head and pick the snake up immediately behind the head. Much better to control the head, rather than the tail.

this is really really late comment but though it is true that pinning a snake behind the head is the best way to carry a snake with control it should also be noted that many venomous snakes have the ability to bring their fangs behind their head to the point of being able to actually pierce the skin of the holder so each way of holding a snake has its disadvantages. living in Fl there are many snakes and a friend of mine & I do field work for our class (disregard the picture its from about 5 years ago) and have been bitten multiple times due to this by both venomous(though usually low in potency such as a water snake) and non-venomous such as reticulated pythons which have become somewhat of a troubling species in recent years now that they are starting to invade and encroach on native wildlife. Basically there is no full-proof way to not get bit while handling a wild snake or even a docile house pet such as a ball python or corn snake for that matter.

ShutterEye (author)  handsome23 years ago
Yeah, some reckon so, and I see why. Although in Step 5 I explain the dangers of tailing snakes. I should point out that any snake capable of getting off the hook once it's got the tail around your wrist WILL get out of your hand if the same thing happens, only if you have caught it be hand, you obviously don't have the distance advantage...

To each his own though bud.

A note of Steve Irwin: Make absolutely no mistake - anyone who says he was careless doesn't know much about him... Coming from a herpetological background, Irwin spent his life with reptiles (He worked with his first snake at 6, and caught his first croc at 9 years old), long before becoming a TV icon. What you interpret as 'careless' is in fact an astonishing knowledge of a reptile's body language as well as how to work with them - if the snake's not threatened, it won't bite...
yes if he was "careless" with the snakes and crocs he wouldn't have made it past his teen years.
zman12046 months ago
In Georgia there are 41 known species of snake, only 6 of which are venomous, and u can scratch out winter they will be dormant and my only concern would be a timber snake which are venomous
susieq19843 years ago
How likely is it that I would get bit by a poisonous snake in Georgia, while walking through my pasture, or timber? and what should I do if I encounter one on my walking trails?
ShutterEye (author)  susieq19842 years ago
Well Susie, as far as snakes in your area, I have no clue... If you come across a snake in your path, relax, they got twice the fright that you did! Most snakes will bugger off as soon as possible, but some will lie still, hoping their camoflague will protect them. In that case, a few pokes with a long stick will let the snake know you see him and he'll clear off. Never corner a snake because then it will see attack as the only option of escape. Provided you give it an escape route, no snake will actually go for you.
HickLife3 years ago
I have a question about venomous snakes. Say you get bitten, on the lower leg or arm or something. what is the immediate action? i grew up being told to remain calm and get to the hospital immediately and never use a tourniquet because it will cause the venom to shoot through when you release is sorta like a kinked water hose. What the Seabee's have taught me is to put a tourniquet above and below the bite so as not to let it spread. i understand that military teaching is slightly different because you may be somewhere remote and better to lose a limb than a life but still. what is your outlook on it?
Im a medic,

Keep the extremity below the heart or the venom travels to the heart and you will have complications sooner rather than later. Get to a hospital immediatly. Once there - or on the way there the nurses have to shake anti venon for like 20 minutes straight losing time...Someone needs to come up with a cure for snakebites sooner , theres so many here in AZ and out in desert areas because people get curious or dumb. And dont drink water - I dont know why you think that might help dilute but it could speed up the process...who knows.
Thank you, thats pretty much what i've been taught throughout my life. I'm from west Texas so there is ALOT of rattlesnakes around there. So no tourniquet? that was kinda my main question
No tourniquet
Im a Boy Scout. The only instance where you would use a tourniquet is when some one is bleeding very very very bad AND your are trained. You can't keep one on you have to un-tighten it at timed intervals, or you will kill the person.
Im a paramedic not a boy scout.. Lol
ShutterEye (author)  FlatLinerMEDIC2 years ago
FlatLiner has given it very conclusively. I can add 2 things to first aid whic make the world of difference for the person on the receiving end of the patient.

Firstly, be damn sure of the ID. The best thing to do is take a photograph or catch the snake (Don't get bitten twice though!) because it's really difficult for anyone to respond properly to "a snake bit me." the species of snake has a direct influence on the type of antivenom as well as the medical procedure they follow.

Secondly, note as much as possible. Use your cellphone's voice recorder if you can't write it down, but whatever method you use, record the location and time of the bite, time and progression of all the symptoms etc ("Bitten on left lower leg at 09H00, immediate pain and swelling, dryness of through at 09H30" that sort of thing.). Record as much as possible because that will help the medical officer to figure out the reaction times and so forth.
static3 years ago
This not myself, but a rattlesnake hunter I know.
ShutterEye (author)  static3 years ago
You know, jokes aside, this is probably the safest way to carry a snake that I've ever seen...
yea its harder for a snake to bite you when there isnt a flold of skin to bite
kurtnotkirk3 years ago
Thanks for the excellent instructable! When I was a boy, I was in the woods with some other boys, catching frogs and crayfish and such, when one boy whispered to me, "Don't move... there is a copperhead (a venomous snake common to the southeastern parts of the USA) right by your foot." I looked down, and said, "What... this?" As I picked the thing up with my bare hands. I didn't get bitten, which was amazing to me as I think back... actually it's amazing that I survived to adulthood.
I wish that I had the opportunity to do that. I am stuck with garter snakes
ShutterEye (author)  kurtnotkirk3 years ago

I've had a very similar experience... I was called to remove a brood of small snakes from our neighbour's house... I went over and spotted a small, thin snake. It was brown and had markings like a certain sand snake species that occurs in my area. Sand snakes are harmless mini constrictors - no fangs, no venom. So I don't waste time bothering with gauntlets or hook sticks and all that, I pick them out by hand... Snake after snake goes from the ceiling into the bag, only when I released the very last snake did I realise the eye had a strange pupil... Turns out I had handled an entire brood of hatchling Boomslang... One bite and I'd have been 6 feet under from internal bleeding...

Stupidity from my side - definitely! But all's well that ends well, and it makes for a good story around a camp fire.

Many people can share similar stories, which goes to show that snakes aren't monsters that go out of their way to attack people.
bomslangs arent always deadly. They belong to the elapid family, and most of the elapids have mild venom.
steve0003 years ago
The deadly blue ducttape snake... rare breed.

:) Great guide though, living in the country we get snakes often of all types its nice to have someone offer a guide on how to remove them if its required.
ShutterEye (author)  steve0003 years ago
Haha - the duct tape was a result of some massive and highly specialist reconstructive surgery on the rubber snake... ;)
Although I live in colorado, ii have dealt with a variety of snakes. My teacher has had snakes her entire life, and at the moment has 46. These include burmese pythons, ball pythons, corn snakes, king snakes, rainbow boas, boa constrictors/red tailed boas, argentine boas, blood pythons, rat snakes, sand boas, bullsnakes, and a childrens python. I have personally held every single one. I have to clean one old male burmese python quite often, and he has horrible arthritis. He is very angry, and I have almost been bit multiple times. Higgs Boson actually helps me with this, as we are friends. Bullsnakes have bit me around 4 times just in her class. Did I leave any out Higgs?
I think you got them all.
Yeah. poor rafiki
He was cool.
not as cool as that baby bullsnake today!
im confus
Higgs Boson is a member of instructables, as well as my friend. We are in the same classes
oh i see. ty for clarifying
glorybe3 years ago
One of the worst problems is to hear rattles shaking and not be able to see the snake at all. That rattle can carry further than one might think and it can be a huge mistake to assume it is one snake rattling. They can blend into tall grass and brush in such a way that slow and deliberate searches with the eyes may not reveal them at all. It is quite like being trapped in a mine field. If you take a step it may all be over. Also do not assume that a field may be safe because it is a field well known to you. Snakes move with rain and with food. A field that is free of rattle snakes can hold quite a few a week later.
If you get bit get to a hospital fast. Time is against you. Bites can kill off large areas of tissue and the medical fight may turn into a horror show that lasts for years.
roadadf3 years ago
I'm with oilitright. If you're close enough to a venomous snake to hold his head with a stick, you're close enough to sever it's head with a kaiser blade. A snake without a head is nearly harmless.
roadadf roadadf3 years ago
... its head ... My journalist daughter would insist on correct grammar.
steve0003 years ago
oilitright3 years ago
I live in the middle of the Mojave desert, home of what is locally known as the "Mojave Green" which is reputed to possess the deadliest venom of rattle snakes. My favorite means of dealing with them is with a fine old Belgium made side by side 12ga shotgun. Not wanting to press my luck I typically pull both triggers.

AMEN ! to that way of handling deadly snakes
sitearm3 years ago
@ShutterEye; tweeted! Cheers :) Site
TigerMoon3 years ago
I like that you emphasize gentle treatment of the snake. Thank you
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