In this tutorial, Im going to show you how to send information by LIGHT using Fiber Optics. Friends, Welcome to the 21st Century!
Some of you will be thinking, Why not use our good old friend Copper Wire? Friends, We all know light can travel
299,792,458 meters per second. Thats really, really fast. This can be very useful for High-Speed Internet (Man! I love that one!).
Enough of explaining, Lets get right on it!
Step 1: Getting Started! Materials & Other Stuff
1. 2 Arduinos - We will need 1 for transmitting Data, other one for receiving data.
2. Fiber Optic Cable - Search the internet! Dont get the 200$ one. Get one thats about under 50$
3. A LED - The brighter LED is, the better.
4. Photoresistor - We need to recieve the light right?
5. Two 22 Ohm Resistor - You'll need it to simplify data
6. Some wires - We will need a copper wire. Its ok. Its only few inches long :P
7. 2 Breadboards - Make thing simple!
8. Electrical Tape
9. Any Sensor of your choice! - You can use any sensor(Servos, Potentiometers, Ultrasonic Sensor, etc)!
1. Computer - We need to program our Microcontroller!
2. Arduino IDE - Download Right Here !
3. Some Time
Got all that? Lets start!
Step 2: Building the Reciever Circuit!!
You need to attach Resistor, LED, and Photoresistor like in the Circuit Diagram above.
Make sure to connect the right pin of the Arduino.
WARNING: MAKE SURE NO LIGHT IS LEAKING/EXPOSED TO THE PHOTORESISTOR
Step 3: Building the Transmitter Circuit!!
OK now, Make a exact duplicated circuit like the Reciever!! Thats why i put the detailed instructions & pictures
'Building the Reciever' in front of this step! The only difference is, instead of photoresistor, insert any sensor you want!
Once you made the exactly same circuit. Attach a LED to the Arduino like the picture above!
Note: The LED's Ground lead goes into Arduino's GND pin, The other wire goes into Arduino's Digital Pin 11
That is it for the Transmitter!! :D Check the picture for the finished circuit!! Sorry for the blurry picture :(
Step 4: Programming the Arduinos!
have a folder named "FiberOptics". Click it! Once your in the folder, follow these steps correctly!
1. Open the "FiberOpticTransmitter", Click on the "FiberOpticTransmitter.pde" file. This will open up the Arduino IDE.
Then upload the code to your Arduino Transmitter that we made in Step 3!!
2. Once you uploaded the Transmitter Code, do the same with the other one. Goto "FiberOpticReciever" folder and so on.
Make sure that you upload the code to the Reciver Arduino that we made in Step 2!!
3. You will notice the "FiberOpticGrapher" folder, We will get into that in the next step!
Step 5: Preparing the Grapher
The Grapher !m mentioning is showing Sensor value on the transmitter into Graph! Simple right? So lets setup this!
First, Make sure you have the program called "Processing". The download link is in the 'Getting Started!!' Section(Step 1).
Since the Arduino and Processing Code Extension are same,
What you wanna do is open up Processing, Click on the icon that has a Arrow pointing up!
Then navigate to the 'FiberOptics' folder, Click on the "FiberOpticGrapher" folder,
and then finally click on the "FiberOpticGrapher.pde" File. Check picture!
This will open up the Code! Now lets test our code!!
Step 6: Preventing Errors & Bugs or Other Nasties :P
and the other end is connected to the Reciever. Also make sure all programs are uploaded to arduino correctly!
Only connect the Reciever Arduino to your computer with the USB Cable. Never attempt to connect the
Transmitter Arduino to your computer! (Instead, Use Batteries!)
This is what you will have:
- 2 Arduinos connected to 2 individual breadboards and 2 breadboards connected to each other
with Fiber Optic Cable
- A Transmitter Arduino Connected to your computer
This is what you will have on your computer screen:
- 'Processing' Application with the "FiberOpticGrapher.pde" Opened
Once you are sure that every thing is 99.99% good, Lets rumble along!
Step 7: Testing It Out!!
First, Power on your Transmitter Arduino (With batteries)! The Arduino will start flickering.
Once you are done with that(Which will be about a microsecond), Click on the 'Play' icon on the
Processing Icon bar. And............................... Booya!! It will start to draw Graph!!
The higher the value gets, the higher the graph will draw!
Step 8: How It Works.... :O
Q: The Reciver has a Photoresistor, and a handy-dandy resistor. Why?
A: The Photoresistor is a Light sensor.So if it recieves Light, the resistance gets higher.
But if it recieves low light, the resistance gets lower!
What about the resistor? The resistor is just to make data incoming from the Photoresistor easier!
Q: What about the Transmitter?
A: The Transmitter is just the same, but with the LED connected to the arduino!
Step 9: Now Applying to Your OWN Project!
You can use my Reciever circuit, but you can design your own to make it better!
Tips: The main difficulties on sending data with light is that you have to convert your data into flickering, Fading light,
and then back to your original data. Thats pretty time-consuming but the results are GREAT!!
If you have any questions, Comment!! Thanks for reading my instructable! God bless!!!