Instructables

How to Use a Plasma Cutter

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Using a plasma cutter is very convenient and fairly easy.  The benefit is that "freeform" cuts can be made to metal based on guiding the cutter.  Since this machine works by directing plasma through the creation of a circuit, a ground clamp is necessary, much like welding. 

This instructable is strictly to show practical operation of a plasma cutter.  For an example where this operation is demonstrated to make something, refer to Sheet Metal Flower to Practice Plasma Cutting and Welding.

I made this at TechShop Detroit (www.techshop.ws).
 
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Step 1: Choose Work Location

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Since we plan on cutting metal, placing the metal on a surface that is safe and allows for freedom of movement is critical.  A "grate" or  similar surface that functions as a table is perfect.

Step 2: Plug in Unit

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Ensure that the unit is off and plug it in. 

Step 3: Connect the Air

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Connect the external air compressor to the plasma cutter.  This is to ensure that the stream of plasma remains under high pressure. To attach the fittings, recede the outer flange of the female connection and insert the male connection.

Step 4: Turn the Air On

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Turn on the air flow.  In this case, turn the lever ninety degrees from perpendicular to the air line to inline.

Step 5: Attach the Ground Clamp

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Set the metal that you are using on the table and attach the ground clamp close to where you will be cutting.

Step 6: Turn on the Machine

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Turn on the machine by flipping the switch behind the unit into the ON position.

Step 7: Set the Current

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In this case we will set it to 25 for 18 ga sheet metal.

Step 8: Cut the metal

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Use the trigger on the gun to activate the plasma cutter.  Note the trigger has a safety that must be lifted before you can depress the trigger.  Keep the cutter (nozzle end) close to the metal and use the guide surrounding the nozzle to trace templates if you have them.

Step 9: Turn off the Machine

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When you are finished cutting your metal, turn off the machine.

Step 10: Disconnect the Ground Clamp

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Disconnect the ground clamp from the metal you are working on.

Step 11: Turn Off Air

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In this case turn off the air by rotating the lever 90 degrees, from inline to perpendicular to the line.

Step 12: Wind up all Hoses

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Wrap up the plasma gun line, air line, and ground line.
kidharris1 year ago
The air has to be as dry as possible, dryers in the line are a necessity. The water in the driers should be bled off before turning on the air.
thanx-!
newdetroiter (author)  kidharris1 year ago
Thanks for pointing that out.
this is SOOO cool., I can't wait to get one=!!
kidharris1 year ago
To turn on the air valve, turn the handle from perpendicular to inline.
newdetroiter (author)  kidharris1 year ago
Fixed, thanks for your feedback.
vpatui1 year ago
Could you have mixed up the photos showing "air on" and "air off"?
thewmas vpatui1 year ago
most likely, never seen a ball valve on, at a right angle
newdetroiter (author)  thewmas1 year ago
Yup, and it has been fixed.
newdetroiter (author)  vpatui1 year ago
I did. Thanks for pointing it out, I appreciate the feedback.
dingonv1 year ago
I just need to double check you on this. I have never seen a valve of that type that is OPEN when the lever is perpendicular to the pipe.
newdetroiter (author)  dingonv1 year ago
Thanks for double-checking. I have edited the instructable and appreciate your feedback.
I don't want to sound negative, but the same instructions could be applied to a toaster! Switch it on, use it, switch it off.
I think most people could guess all the steps for just about any appliance?
How about something on the actual cutting?
Starting from an edge/hole or how to pierce to start
What distance to hold the torch from the material and the torch angle
Smoothness and speed of movement
How to decide what current and airflow are appropriate for a job
The importance of a good quality, dry air supply
To name but a few.
I've only found the above by trial and error - an instructable giving accurate advice or a methodical way of deciding on the options would be very valuable, not least to me!
Most texts I've found kind of assume you know how to do the actuall cutting and like the above concentrate on plugging the machine in to the wall or really advanced cutting.
I'm sorry, but I agree... How did this end up in the newsletter? I was looking forward to getting some tips & tricks about using a plasma cutter beyond the on/off switch and an odd explanation of ball valve functionality. I love the idea of learning about the use of a plasma cutter, but this isn't it. Also, if you reference another instructable (Sheet Metal Flower to Practice Plasma Cutting and Welding), why not just add a link to it? Make it easy for readers to find your cool 'ables. Cool flower...

newdetroiter (author)  GeeDeeKay1 year ago
Thanks for the suggestion. I have added the link.
ddemayo1 year ago
It is not the posters fault that they chose her Instructable for the newsletter. Give her some credit I understand she did not provide much, but for some people this actually does help them. I know its not much, but this is also her 4th able and maybe she is going to continue posting as she learns more. Maybe she just started cutting and this was new to her. As for the air she does need to edit that it is a dangerous confusion. We are a friendly community please comment with constructive critiques rather than bashing that she did not give enough.
Captain4431 year ago
Well that wasn't very informative at all.... go back and try it again
Phil B1 year ago
I learned the hard way that cuts should begin from an edge on the metal, not from the middle of the surface. Also, could you say something about how far to hold the gun above the surface and how to know if travel is too fast or too slow? Thanks.
Lemon Phil B1 year ago
With practice, I have found that cuts can be started quite predictably by piercing the metal at a shallow angle first - maybe about 50 degrees or so - and then 'rolling' your wrist and the torch jet to the regular cutting position and continuing as normal from there. Spatter can spray back at you (and has for me in a few cases) if you try and pierce metal holding the torch perpendicular to the surface. However I still drill a small hole for starting the cut on thicker pieces just in case.
newdetroiter (author)  Phil B1 year ago
Good point! I addressed them in my recent "Sheet Metal Flower to Practice Plasma Cutting and Welding" one.
rayj00071 year ago
I believe the pictures sequences for "turn the air on" and "turn the air off" are in the wrong order. On every ball valve I've ever seen, the handle position perpendicular to the flow through the valve is the closed position and the handle position parallel to the flow is the open position. I must agree with simonrafferty, the instructions have no real information about using a plasma cutter to cut metal.
Totally agree - whether the handle is correct or not in real life in the shop in question, posting the photos like this is just dangerous. Just to check I am not insane, I did a quick search and all I find is confirmation that parallel to pipe is open, perpendicular is closed, e.g. http://www.archtoolbox.com/materials-systems/plumbing/105-plumbingvalvetypes.html

This needs to be edited!
hygicell1 year ago
I have never seen a ball valve which is closed in the line position and open in the perpendicular position, it is illogic and confusing, throw the thing away
sconner11 year ago
I was expecting some technique, rather than just "plug it in and turn it on"
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