Introduction: How to Wire a Dual 4 Ohm Subwoofer in Parallel for a 2 Ohm Load

This is a basic way in which you can wire a dual 4 ohm subwoofer to a 2 ohm load.

If you are looking to get the most power out of your amplifier for your sub, this is one of the best ways to wire your subwoofer. It is a traditional method of wiring that works very well. The sub will be wired in "parallel" to achieve this impedance (ohm).

Step 1: Gather the Necessary Materials and Prepare the Box

Here is the list of items that are used for this simple installation.

1 x Kicker CVX 12 Subwoofer

1 x Kicker 12 AWG Speaker Wire

1 x Kicker 750 Watt Monoblock Amplifier

1 x 20 oz. bag of Poly-Fil FiberFill

1 x Vented Sonic Sub Box Enclosure

1 x Wire Stripper/Crimper

Screws

Power drill

1 x Kicker Subwoofer Grille

1 x Can of Adhesive Spray

Prepare the enclosure for installation.

The Kicker CVX subwoofer will be loaded inside of the vented box. This subwoofer is designed to be used with either a sealed or a vented box, however a vented (sometimes referred to as ported) enclosure is used for this instructable. Fill the subwoofer box with Poly-Fil. Spread the FiberFill around the inside of the box. Adding Poly-Fil simulates a larger box, which results in deeper bass. The box was filled with Poly-Fil to enhance the sound emitted from the sub box, as well as optimize the subwoofer's performance. Because the box is vented, The Poly-Fil was adhered to the box with a spray adhesive to prevent it from being pushed out the vent during use. A 2 foot section of the 12 gauge speaker wire was soldered to the back side of the box terminals to provide a secure connection.

Step 2: Cut and Prepare the Speaker Wire

Take the Kicker SW1220 speaker wire and cut two separate pieces of the blue (positive) wiring; one 1' piece and one 2' piece. Now cut two pieces of the black (negative) wiring; one 1' piece and one 2' piece.

The 2' pieces are used to connect the subwoofer to the box terminal. The 1' strands of speaker wire are used to connect the subwoofer's voice coil terminals together.

Different companies use different colors or manners to represent the positive and negative wires. Here, Kicker is using blue and black. Because the woofer is a Dual 4 ohm we are going to have to connect the two terminals on the subwoofer. To do so, a 1 foot section of positive speaker wire and a 1 foot section of negative speaker wire is cut and prepared.

Using the wire striper, strip back the wire jacket (insulation) about 1/8" to 1/4" to expose the wire.

Step 3: Wire the Positive and Negative Terminals for One Voice Coil

Press on the top of the first negative terminal to open up the terminal. Insert the stripped end of the black (negative) wire.

Then, push down on the first positive terminal and insert the stripped end of the blue (positive) wire.

Step 4: Connect the Second Negative Terminal

Push down on the first negative terminal and insert the stripped end of the second piece of black (negative) wire.

Then, take the other end of this piece and insert it into the second negative terminal.

Step 5: Connect the Second Positive Terminal

Push down on the first positive terminal and insert the stripped end of the second piece of blue (positive) wire.

Now take the other end of this piece and insert it into the second positive terminal.

Step 6: Check the Wiring and Mount the Subwoofer

Now you should have a X-crossed wiring design across the bottom of your subwoofer. This is connecting the voice coils and wiring them in a parallel configuration.

Mount the Kicker 06CVX124 subwoofer and grill into the box using screws and a power drill to drill the screws into the wood box.

The loaded subwoofer enclosure can now be connected to an amplifier that matches the ratings of the installed subwoofer. The Kicker CVX subwoofer shown was connected to a 750 Watt Kicker ZX750.1 monoblock amplifier. This is done by simply connecting the negative terminal on the enclosures terminal to the negative terminal on the amplifier. Then the positive terminal on the enclosure is connected to the positive terminal on the amplifier.

Comments

author
myr1 made it!(author)2015-11-12

Nice write up man. About how long does it take you to do it?

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author
Gmatti made it!(author)2015-10-12

What type of material do u use to insulate it?

author
Gmatti made it!(author)2015-10-12

nvm

author
RavenV1 made it!(author)2014-12-31

Can I parallel wire two (x2) 1200 watt Subs at the subwoofer box terminals or should I parallel wire inside the box at the speaker terminals. Does it matter? Thanks!

author
420guy made it!(author)2009-10-07

You should not need any polyfill of any kind if the box is made for the subwoofer. If the box is already the right size and then you put in polyfill you run the risk of blowing the sub as it now sees a much larger box size.

author
cornflaker made it!(author)2009-10-13

 it could have come already polyfilled to allow for the box to be made smaller.

author
3VIL+G3NIUS made it!(author)2010-01-12

 it is recommended to have 1lb of polyfill per cubic foot. 

author
420guy made it!(author)2010-01-12

No, it is recommended to build your box the right size to begin with. This way you don't need the polyfill.

author
bsodergren made it!(author)2012-04-29

You never actually read any thing about building boxes have you?

Polyfill slows down the flow of air through the box, tricking the speaker into thinking it's in a bigger box. This works if the speaker is in a box that's too small (as often happens in car audio). Used in proper amounts, polyfill can make a speaker perform as if it's in a box up to 40% larger. Polyfill also makes bass sound cleaner by reducing standing waves (like echos inside the box) and helps the speaker produce a flatter frequency response.

Any speaker box should always be filled with loose polyfill,

author
3VIL+G3NIUS made it!(author)2010-01-14

 polyfill an help fix up the displacement that the woofer/sub cause so you get the ACTUAL volume you tuned it to, not minus the woofer/subs volume. it also allows you to make the box a little bit smaller and still have awesome sound and SPL.

and anyway, if you have a good enough woofer/sub it wont be damaged by a bit more excursion than it would get, IF it got more excursion. which it wouldnt because if its tuned lower it will restrict the excursion more at the loooow frequencies. thats why home theater enthusiasts (like me :-)) like to tune boxes to below 20Hz. so that is plays the loooows and and doesnt bottom out while doing so. i dont know about you but i dont really want a 8 cubic foot box (most likely how bid the one for my 18" will be) in the corner of the room adding to the two 1.3 cubic foot 12"s (which are tuned a bit too high for movies, but good for music). it just takes up too much room, id enjoy being able to cut a cube or two off that and still keep the 18Hz tune.

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Bio: lead installer of car audio including amps, subs and more.
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