How to Add 6 Extra Pins to Your Arduino With No Extra Hardware





Introduction: How to Add 6 Extra Pins to Your Arduino With No Extra Hardware

About: I'm a software developer, but I also love tinkering with electronics. My Instructables are all about Arduino.

Hello, this is my second Instructable so please bear with me.
I am going to tell you how to get 6 extra Arduino digital pins.
I discovered this by playing with the Arduino IDE and tried setting up a LED on pin 14 (which does not exist on the board) And guess what? Analog pin 0 is pin 14!

Step 1: How to Get the Other Analog Inputs Working Too

It is pretty simple to get the others working too! Here is a list of all of the pins:

Pin 14 = Analog in 0
Pin 15 = Analog in 1
Pin 16 = Analog in 2
Pin 17 = Analog in 3
Pin 18 = Analog in 4
Pin 19 = Analog in 5

Unfortunately these are not PWM pins, but you can use the SoftPWM library to get software-based PWM, which is almost as good as native PWM.

Step 2: The Example Code

Here is just an example code i wrote for testing:

int ledPin = 14;
int gndPin = 15;
void setup()
pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(gndPin, OUTPUT);

digitalWrite(gndPin, LOW);

void loop()
digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);



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37 Discussions

Thanks a lot. The Arduino should include the analog to digital pin map to their manual.

Thanks for taking the time to post, is obvious but still I may have missed it in the documentation and android assistant pointed me to this instructable and now I have more pins to play with. So much to learn, thanks again

Thanks, I was running out of digital pins.


1 year ago

what if i want to give two different inputs to pin 0 and 1?


2 years ago

Will this work for bluetooth hc 05 if I give tx rx to any two analog pins using the digital function.I am using serial I cannot use pin 0 and 1 as it creates conflict(which I myself didn't really understand).i need to control servos using bluetooth app.

That's pretty arrogant. There is plenty of mystery. There are numerous resources dedicated to it. This happens to be one of them. The whole point of Arduino is to make microcontrollers approachable to the people who learn by doing. Finally, they are not all the same. They are subtly different and therein lies the mystery.

There was just nothing good or true in your comment. Why do people feel the need to leave comments like this? "Look, a person on the internet does not know something that I know. -_- Grr, that makes me angry. I must strike them down."

I second that. Learning Arduino (and it's programming) is not that easy if you're a noob. It might be kiddy stuff for those who knows their way around more advanced electronics, but for people who'd never tinkered with this before, no.

Actually Instructables is usually one of the better sites as far as not having comments from the electronics equivalent of the Comic Book Guy from the Simpsons. Unfortunately a couple of them squeeze through...

Also works with the nano.

For Arduino Mega, analog pin's digital number is as:

A0 = 54
A1 = 55
A2 = 56
A3 = 57
A4 = 58
A5 = 59
A6 = 60
A7 = 61
A8 = 62
A9 = 63
A10 = 64
A11 = 65
A12 = 66
A13 = 67
A14 = 68
A15 = 69

I'd like to point out that with the SparkFun Arduino Pro Micro it is:

A0 = D18

A1 = D19

A2 = D20

A3 = D21

For the Leonardo also gain:

A4 = D22

A5 = D23

A6 = D24

A7 = D25

A8 = D26

A9 = D27

A10 = D28

A11 = D29

2 replies

Hello RichardBronosky can you give an example on how to do a simple code to read A1 Pin as a Digital pin?

Thank You.

I did this, but is not working.

void setup()



pinMode (A1, INPUT);



void loop()


DIGITAL = digitalRead(A1);




Thank you, this just answered a question I was asking in regard to the arduino pro-mini, normally only 14 digital outputs and I need 16, seems this solves it for me, cheers!

You can use 4 additional digital pins in Arduino Micro:

MISO = D14

SCK = D15

MOSI = D16

SS = D17 (orange LED conneted on board)

If anyone would like more output pins, you could utilise a demultiplexer. See following: