Step 4: Prepare the Bases and Wind the Primary

Picture of Prepare the Bases and Wind the Primary
Align the metal stand in the center of the bottom board and drill holes for bolts to go through. attach the bolts tightly upside down. This will allow you to put a base for the primary on top of it. Then bolt the primary's base in. Take your pipe and wind it into a pretty upside down cone (not the flat spiral in the pictures). Then mount it on the supra-base.

Optional was the addition of 2 supports that I zip-tied the primary to.

Forgot to add how to make the spark gap! It is just two bolts in a open-air wooden box, and they are adjustable for tuning, etc. See the last image...

How do you make the top part. Can you plz comment to this one.
dgraham22 years ago
I really wish to understand the way the base is set up. I look at a picture and I think I got it but then I see another and it contradicts my previous thoughts about it. Is the metal screw facing up on the sub base and the screw thing (with PVC inside) screwed into the metal? I thought this but it just doesn't look like it in the photos. Also, I'm not understanding how to wire the capacitors. Thank you so much for this tutorial.
I was wondering if I could please have a copy of the PDF file please. I'm gonna make this for my high school engineering class :)
How do you make the top part. Can you plz comment to this one. I need it before March.
Wow, someone should really help him.
genious1234 years ago
What should be the distance between each winding on the primary coils????
smacdonald54 years ago
I was wondering where you bought the wire from????
can you explain more of what you did to build your discharge terminal. and also more about the spark gap. what does glen781 mean about the 6 Snapple bottles with a 15kV 30mA NST can be deadly! If you are using a NST .could you add more images of the tesla coil close up and whats under the base and how thing are framed. thank you

plese respond at arhabb953@gmail.com
pdiffley4 years ago
Does anyone roughly know the voltage rating or capacitance of your average snapple salt water capacitor? Im trying to figure out how many ill need.
takide pdiffley4 years ago
goto this site to calculate the capacitance:
hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu [DOT] edu/hbase/electric/pplate.html#c1
i think the capacitance is about 4uf (which is a ton for 15kv!)
Crtek4 years ago
what did you connect the primary to?
aweis Crtek4 years ago
the primary coil is only attached to the circut, the secondary coil is powered by induction, of magnetism of electricity flowing through the primary.
never mind, smaller right?
so should one make the primary bigger?
patches15 years ago
 Other sources state that the spark gap requires a fan. Is a fan really necessary?
scasteel135 years ago
What type of transformer did you use? Like what is your power source? And you both ends of the copper tubing going through the base, but only show where one connects. Help me out, please!
Teslaling5 years ago
The Primary coil shouldn't be at that steep of an angle.  A primary coil should be between being flat and a 20 degree angle because anymore than that can cause over coupling between the primary and secondary coils.  It gives a reduced performance.
sarosh65 years ago
 How is the PVC pipe attached to the base? 
DevCoder (author)  sarosh65 years ago
the floor flange and pvc pipe screw
you also don't need to pm me because i see all the messages posted on my instructables
 Do we make a  hole in the upper base, put the pvc pipe+pipe screw through it and then attach it to the flange ?
... because there isnt one in the first pic and the next pics show the pipe attached from the top.
keir.havel5 years ago
What did you use for a transformer, how did you make the toroid and where did you get energy for your capacitors etc.? You need to add much more info
beastboy4095 years ago
Does the pvc through the wood? Do we drill a hole through the wood for the pvc?

Does the pvc get mounted on top of the wood?

Can't tell from pic!
codex6535 years ago
can stranded wire work just as well as the copper tubing for the primary? i don't really want to buy the tubing since i have alot of wire hanging around and i've had success with stranded wire before on some smaller coils but haven't tried it on one this big yet. i know that the tubing is ideal because of the skin effect but i just want to make sure if a bigger coil will work with the stranded wire. also what is the distance between the progressive windings of the primary and the secondary. i see it increases, but by how much per turn?? i've noticed with some of my coils that distance between the primary and secondary matters. thanks!
DevCoder (author)  codex6535 years ago
To answer your questions:
- Stranded wire should work, but there's no harm in experimenting
- Well, I just made it an arbitrary shape that didn't get hit my the discharge terminal, but it looks about at a 70 degree angle with the board. The distance and shape matters, but I'm not exactly sure how (again, experiment!)
ok thank you, that's what i was wanting to know. now it's time to go experiment! haha :)
I'm having trouble straightening the copper tubing out, do you know an easy way of doing this?
DevCoder (author)  Turtles never lie!5 years ago
spend a long time on it with your hands, but make sure to not put a sharp bend in it. (that sounded nasty) :D
force90005 years ago
Is the primary wired to the secondary in any way is is it just wraped around it?
spiral_726 years ago
Instead of the flat spiral in the second picture, make the "upside-down cone" like in the fourth picture. I think you could wind the coil flat like the second picture, then pull it up to height like the fourth. That's what I'm going to try anyways :)
lwil6 years ago
You state 'Dont do this kind of primary on a coil this small' What kind of primary should be done then?