Introduction: How to Build a Bicycle Car Horn Using 16 Standard Rechargable AA Batteries
Hello bicycle car horn fans!
After extensive testing and using the method of try and error I finally came up with this pretty reliable setup. I do not mean to say it is the best and ultimate solution but this one turns out to be the cheapest one for me - drill or notebook battery is still pretty expensive. I therefore decided to use rechargeable AA batteries.
I am sharing this project because I found out that 8 AA nimh batteries were not enough to power my car horn. Believe me I tried it and it did not work. With only 8 rechargeable batteries (12v and 2,5 Amps current) all I got was a slight beep. It doesnt supply enough Amps to make it work. So you have to double the current to make it work and this instructable will show you how.
PROS and CONS
1) With this power setup you can get about one to two months of honking. Or you will get about 35 minutes of continuous loud honking before it dies out. I recharge every two months.It is also relatively light, the power source weighs only 300 grams. The complete setup with the horn switches and wires weighs about 450g.
2) You´ll be having lots of fun. Before I installed the horn I cycled 1 hour a day now I cycle about 3 hours a day. It is especially beautiful under the bridges and tunnels But do not do it when you have pedestrians walking there as they would be damn scared. You will soon learn that every tunnel has different sound some of them have beautiful loooooong echoes
3) The advantage of using AA Nimh battery power source is that if you leave the project you can still use them to power digital camera etc. I know this is very subjective but I still find them very cheap since they can manage 1000 rechargeable cycles. I am using 16 rechargeable batteries, the cheapest I found here on the European market. A pack of four cost me 3.6 €, one wold cost about 0.9€ and that equals about 1.24 USD for one rechargeable battery. That multiplied by 16 equals 19.84 USD for the power source.
Remember to use Nimh batteries as they can supply high discharge current. Alkaline with its relatively low discharge current would not work here.
1) You will be doing lots of soldering! I recommend soldering the complete power circuit with the horn in the comfort of your home and when you are finished start mounting the complete setup on the bike. That way you avoid long hours of slouching in front of your bike. At least thats the way I did it.
2) I would also like to stress that this setup works only with one 12v car horn (see picture above what it looks like) and I can assure you that it is as loud as regular car horn.
- It did not work with dual horns as dual horns require more amperage - 6 to 8 Amps.
- It also did not work with a single snail car horn. I bought one tried it and it did not work - not enough amps
ABOUT THE DUAL HORNS
I am planning to do instructable on the dual horns in the future. I have seen people running dual horns on drill batteries and it works great.That is one option. But I would personally try here very light lipo batteries used in RC modeling with high discharge rates. If I had more money I would go for Turnigy nano-tech 2200mah 4S 45~90C 4S1P / 4 Cell / 14.8V or something like that. The C there stands for discharge rate 45C x 2200 mah equals up to 99 Amps discharge. I haven't try the battery yet so I cannot recommend it but I am planning to buy one and I ll let you know the results.
3) Beware! Honking is quite addictive.
Step 1: Step ONE Listing the Items Needed
Step 2: Step TWO - Building a Reliable Power Source
Power source was the greatest challenge! You will need 16 AA batteries rating 2100 – 2500 mAh. (I am using 16 rechargeable tronic AA 1,2V 2100 mAh. I would strongly recommend rechargeable batteries. It is also relatively light weighs only 300 grams. The complete setup with the horn weighs about 450g.
From these batteries you create two power sources. Each of the power sources using 8 AA batteries connected in series This can be achieved by buying two 8AA Battery Holders which I bought at the local store. You can google the term "8AA Battery Holder" to see what it looks like.
The bettery holder was cheap plus please remember to buy connectors for the battery holder. So now we have two power sources each giving you 12v and 2,5 Amps current. Now you want the voltage remain the same but you want to double the amperage to make the horn work . Believe me it doesnt work with 12v and 2,5 Amps current. It is not enough amperage all I got was a slight beep..
Connect these two power sources in parallel. Parallel connections will double your current rating, but the voltage will stay the same. To join batteries in parallel, use a set of cables to connect both the positive terminals and another set of cables to connect both the negative terminals of both batteries to each other. Negative to negative and positive to positive.
With this power setup you can get about one to two months of honking. Or you will get about 35 minutes of continuous loud honking before it dies out. I recharge every two months.
Step 3: Step THREE - Soldering a Power Circuit
Test the horn before soldering. Cover the horn with a blanket, take your power source and put positive and negative cables to the connectors on the horn. REMEMBER TO COVER THE HORN WITH THE BLANKET OR A PIECE OF CLOTH otherwise you might go deaf for a while. If it honks, create the power circuit using your power source, switch, safety switch and the horn. Follow the diagram. Remember to isolate all the exposed wire after soldering to prevent a short circuit.
The safety switch is optional. It is on and off button. I opted for it because it happened to me two or three times that I hit the horn button accidentally when I was in my garage while manipulating the bike.
Step 4: Step FOUR - Mounting the Circuit on Your Bike
Mount the circuit on the bike. I have it mounted on my handlebars and it is hardly visible.
The batteries are strapped to the handlebars from bellow by strong rubber bands. You can make high quality rubber bands by cutting an old bicycle tube into strips.
Step 5: Mounting the Car Horn
Things you need:
- 1) a cap screw with a hexagonal head and two nuts - see picture above
- 2) one rear bicycle light holder - see picture above
Put the screw through the hole on the car horn, then put it through the whole on the bicycle light holder and tighten the nuts. That way you can put it wherever you like on the handlebars. It also ensures that the car horn is fastened tightly to the bike.