Step 8: Framing the overhead door header and top plate

With the other three walls framed, you will want to tackle the big overhead door opening. Since most of this wall is empty space, it is easier to build two little walls on each side with the jack studs for the main beam and then lift the overhead door header into place. You can nail the top plate in place across the king studs before lifting the main beam in order to add some rigidity to the walls before hefting the big beam. The sequence of sketches below give an idea of one way to do this.

You will want to include at least two jack studs on the ends (as pictured) in order to support the large span and mass of the header beam. You can either bond nail the two 2x12's that make up the header beam on the ground and lift them both or you can lift one in place, end nail it to the king studs, hold it in place and lift the other one up and bond nail and end nail it as well. My opinion is that nailing the header together first while heavier is easier if you can muscle it. You will want at least four people for this job. Two to lift the header from the ground, and two on ladders at each end to hold and nail the header in place. You should also toe nail the header to the jack studs for security while you finish the wall.

The final step in framing the header beam is to cut and place cripple studs between the top of the header beam and the top plate. End nail them to the top plate and toe nail them into the header beam.

Once all four walls are up, take your 2x4 bracing across the top plates off. Then measure and cut another set of 2x4's that will nail on top of the top plate to form a double top plate. At the ends, be sure to cut the 2x4's so that the topmost top plate will overlap the lower plate and connect the two walls together. While nailing on the double top plate, measure across the opposite corners of your four wall at the top. If the measurements are off, then your walls are not completely square. Get someone to help wrestle the walls and corners so that the measurements are close and the walls square before nailing on the top plate.

With the top plate on and the walls square, nail on corner braces across the top plates again. Double check that the walls are square by measuring across the garage corner to corner as in the sketch. Once you start sheathing it will be difficult to square up the building so take your time here.
<p>I know that roofing is one of the diy projects most people are capable of doing themselves, but I've never done any of my house's roofing. We are building a shed, though, and I don't want to have to pay for roofers. I figure I can probably handle a job this big, right? <a href="http://alfsroofing.com/ " rel="nofollow">http://alfsroofing.com/ </a></p>
<p>Please stop spamming Instructables.</p>
<p>Seems like you covered most of the important parts of the roofing process in this instructable! Did you happen to check with local building code on the amount of overhang required? It may be not be required in your area, but in some areas, the overhang is around 1-2 inches. We tend to be 1.5-2 inches in our area because of the amount of rain we can get.</p>
I want to build a 24x24 garage but do it in two steps. Is it safe to use a 12 foot 2x4 wall with the ridge pole on top of that and install the rafters to just one half. I plan to build a second 12x24 section next summer. My concern is whether the roof will be strong enough with just one half built. I was planning on a 6-12 pitch. My roof framework is 2x6 roof joists on 24&quot; centers and the walls are 2x4 on 12&quot; centers.
I appreciate you sharing this! I've been trying to find a company that does <a href="http://www.adkissonconstruction.com/" rel="nofollow">commercial roofing in Champaign Urbana</a> but I found somethings I can do my self. Thanks for sharing.
That was very informative and I liked your humor throughout. I have framed a couple small additions to my cabin in the past, using a framing book for guidance. I feel very comfortable building a garage myself now. My only change to your instructions, will be to use PBR, rather then Miller lite. Thanks for your great instructions.
Thanks for sharing these tips on <a href="http://www.greatcanadian.ca" rel="nofollow">roofer calgary</a>. I appreciate it!
This step definitely seems like an essential part of the <a href="http://www.slaughter-roofing.com/services/" rel="nofollow">residential roofing greeley</a> process.
This was really interesting! I have been wanting to learn how to do roofing so I went to my friend who does <a href="http://www.craftsmanroofing.ca" rel="nofollow">roofing in Oakville</a>. He was extremely helpful.
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Can I get any suggestions for someone who does <a href="http://www.chisholmroofing.ca/" rel="nofollow">roofing in Vancouver</a>? I need to get my roof repaired but I don't know who to call.
Wow! This is amazing. I don't think I'd ever attempt my own <a href="http://www.chisholmroofing.ca/" rel="nofollow">roofing in Vancouver</a>... I don't have the skills for it. I'm impressed.
Just wondering if you had checked into metal roofing (like I've seen installed on primitive cabins). It seems like it would go on a lot faster, but perhaps I'm wrong.
Thanks for sharing this! I have been looking for some ideas for my <a href="http://www.greatcanadian.ca/services/windows-and-doors" rel="nofollow">windows and doors in Calgary</a>, and this was very helpful!
Brings me bag to the days when I was <a href="http://www.aaa-roofs.com/roofing-repair-oswego-illinois.html" rel="nofollow">roofing oswego il</a>.
Thanks for sharing. I need to do some <a href="http://www.greatcanadian.ca/services/windows-and-doors" rel="nofollow">windows and doors installation in Calgary</a>. Your tips have been super helpful.
This guide has really helped with my <a href="http://www.greatcanadian.ca/services/windows-and-doors" rel="nofollow">window and door installation in Calgary</a>. Even if your Instructable was only meant for showing how to build a garage, it can help with more than just that. Thank you for sharing!
Thanks for the info, this is going to come in handy! I have the outline of my garage up and everything but roofing is another beast unfortunately. I am probably going through a <a href="http://www.chisholmroofing.ca" rel="nofollow">roofing service in Vancouver</a>, just to make sure the job gets done right the first time.
You make roofing look so easy and fun. I haven't done much with it. My husband and I bought a fixer upper. I think it will look wonderful once we are done with it. Do you know anything about <a href="http://www.affiliatedroofers.ca/resources/" rel="nofollow">torch on roofing in the Vancouver</a> area?
This is really incredible. I don't think I could ever roof a house on my own. But since you seem to be quite knowledgeable, would you happen to know a good company for <a href="http://www.chisholmroofing.ca/" rel="nofollow">roofing in Vancouver</a>? Any suggestions or ideas would be much appreciated. Thanks! Great article!
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I think I'm gong to get some <a href="http://www.neumayerroofing.com/services.html" rel="nofollow">free roof estimates in Wichita KS</a> and if I don't l like anything I hear, I'll have my husband take a look at this and see what he could do. Thanks for the step by step instructions!
A good piece of advice for installing your own garage:... it's hard. I would make sure you really think through how big you want it, once you find your final measurements that you want... add three feet to it in every direction. I made a few mistakes on mine and had to hire <a href="http://www.stampededoors.com" rel="nofollow">garage door repair</a> services.
I needed to do some <a href="http://kodiakroofing.com/index.php?id=24" rel="nofollow">roofing in Sacramento</a> and your guide helped me do just that, thank you!
Great instructable! I was not really looking forward to doing the <a href="http://www.chisholmroofing.ca/" rel="nofollow">roofing on my Vancouver</a> garage, but now I am kind of excited to do it! I think it will help me feel more accomplished than I would if I just hired someone. Thanks so much for sharing this instructable!
Are you sure you don't have to be an experienced <a href="http://www.greatcanadian.ca" rel="nofollow">roofer</a> to do this kind of stuff? It can be pretty cold and slippery when it gets cold up here in Calgary and slipping off my roof would be counterproductive...
I'm creating a garage addition to the side of my house. How long does it usually take to complete this project? I think I might find experts on <a href="http://www.affordablequalityroofingkc.com" rel="nofollow">roofing in Kansas City MO</a> to help me with that part of my project.
Thank you so much for posting this information on how easy roofing can be. I have heard about <a href="http://www.waterrestorationga.com" rel="nofollow">roofing social circles in ga</a> a lot, but I'm not sure what it is exactly. Do you know where I can find more information on it? Thank you for your help!
This is great information, thank you for sharing! I've been trying to find a <a href="http://www.ridgebrothersroofing.com" rel="nofollow">roofer in Newton</a>, Massachusetts for a while. I'd like to get my roofing replaced in the spring, since we've already had some leaks this winter.
Thanks for these great tips. I am building my own garage. I might hire a <a href="http://www.hometownrestoration.net" rel="nofollow">roofing contractor</a> for that part, but the rest I will do on my own.
Thanks for the article, unfortuently we're having to replace a lot of our <a href="http://www.chisholmroofing.ca/residential.html" rel="nofollow">roofing</a> on our house due to a horrible storm. So thanks for the instructions!
You did a great job with this, thanks for sharing! I have a friend who does <a href="http://roofingcontractorhuntsville.com" rel="nofollow">roof inspection in Cross Roads, al</a> and ever since I've been wanting to know how to do it so that I can fix my roof if it needs it. I've always wanted to be more of a handy man. I'll definitely give this a shot.
Thanks for the article. I consider myself a pretty handy, tool-savvy guy, but I thought I'd hire a <a href="http://valentineroof.com" rel="nofollow">roofing contractor in Seattle</a> to roof my three-car garage that I'm working on. Now I'm considering the job myself. After seeing this, its very doable. Thanks.
Thank you so much for posting this information on how to build a roof. My husband and I are working on our home right now. Do you know anyone that does <a href="http://www.srcatl.com/roofinspec.php" rel="nofollow">roofing inspection in atlanta</a>? We would love to have someone make sure we did everything correct. Thank you for your help!
This is a great article! I've been looking for instructions to <a href="http://www.bungersteel.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=149&Itemid=426" rel="nofollow">build a garage</a>, and this is perfect. This will probably be my next big project next summer.
K. Wow. I love instructables! I love these writers. You guys are awesome. This is very detailed and helpful. I've been super worried about the Oklahoma City men in my family who think that they can go up on the roof and fix just about anything. This information on <a href="http://www.nmtroofing.com" rel="nofollow">roofing</a> helped me understand how they can be safe and that they do know what they are doing.
This was really great help! I had a problem with the corner of my house where the wind always hits and didn't want to pay for a contractor, wanted to do it myself. After reading this I realize how I personally need to get a <a href="http://www.hometownrestoration.net" rel="nofollow">roofing contractor</a> to help me out. Its not as easy as I thought I would be.
Thanks for making roofing a little easier. Do you need any additional <a href="http://www.roofmaster.net" rel="nofollow">help</a>? if you do, check out this website. <br> <br>http://www.roofmaster.net <br>
Roofing without a nail gun sounds miserable. I wouldn't suggest starting this task without any of the materials listed. My friend is a <a href="http://www.paramounthomesllc.com" rel="nofollow">roofing contractor</a> and said most roofing mistakes happen when an inexperienced roofers try to complete their roof without completing all of the steps.
I don't know if I believe you when you say that roofing is fun and easy. I just can't picture getting up there in the heat and having to replace hundreds of tiles. Then again I've never done it so I could be completely mistaken. Still I think I would rather find <a href="http://jandbwest.info" rel="nofollow">roofing services in Marshall County</a> to do it for me. What kind of roofing is best in an all-season area?
Thanks to your guide, I have almost all of this project done! The only thing that I really need to finish is the <a href="http://www.nmtroofing.com" rel="nofollow">roofing</a>. I believe that I have all of the supplies that I need, but I am still a little nervous about it. I will totally be consulting you guide as I finish up. Thanks again for your help!
i got to admit this <a href="http://jmsroofingservices.com" rel="nofollow">roof installation</a> process wasn't as hard as i thought it would be, it was actually very bearable and kind of fun.
Does rebar just lie there on the gravel or is it elevated to be surrounded by concrete? If lifted, what with? Does rebar have to be tied?
Hi <br>The rebar must be elevated enough so the gravel that is contained in the wet concrete will fit under it. The minimum is 1&quot; and the maximum, for a 4&quot; thick concrete, should be 1-1/2&quot;. If you've got old concrete blocks, you can break them and use the pieces as supports, but make sure you tie the rebar to these or they'll fall off while pouring concrete! Other items would be used bricks, pieces of concrete. NO organic materials that will decompose should be used! If you want to spend some $ and do it nicely, go to a contractors supply house and ask for 'rebar chairs'. These come individually and in 5' strips, which can be cut to short pieces. <br> <br>Yes, the rebar needs to be tied together. This helps to keep it in place while you're pouring the wet concrete, and it does give strength. <br>The rebar must also overlap where it is tied/spliced together. The rule for how much overlap is: 18 x Diameter (in inches). So if you're using 1/2&quot; diameter rebar, 18 x 1/2&quot; = 9 inch overlap. If using #6 bar (rebar is named in 1/8&quot;, so #6 = 6/8&quot; or 3/4&quot; diameter) the required minimum overlap is 18 x .75, or 12&quot; overlap.
Wow, these are really helpful tips for re <a href="http://www.roofmaster.net" rel="nofollow">roofing</a>. I am planning a big re roofing project for my parents' shed and I know this will help me out. Thanks for the info!
Building your own garage is tough. As soon as we got do the garage doors part of it I just let the pros come install it. <a href="http://www.thedoorworks.ca" rel="nofollow">garage doors</a>
Great article! I've never actually done any of my own roofing, but this fall I've determined to try. I'm a little nervous, so I have a <a href="http://www.torontoroofingindustries.com" rel="nofollow">roofing Toronto</a> company ready to call if I need to. The one thing your post neglected to mention was where I go to find all of this material. Will any home improvement store have them, or should I find a specialty store of some kind? Thank for the awesome advice.
Any home improvement store should carry or be able to order all the materials discussed. Shingles are typically special order, outside of a very limited selection of style and color. The key limitation to my instructions is the lack of discussion of flashing since my garage did not require any. Roof penetrations or intersecting faces are where roofing gets more difficult as you need to ensure water-tightness. Be sure you understand how to flash and waterproof all areas where there are vents, pipes, skylights, joins, etc before you begin.
I have a 50' x 50' steel building divided 2/3 is a shop with a concrete floor, 1/3 is storage room with dirt floor. It was built before I bought the property. I would like to suggest three things :........... <strong>(1).</strong> Put your big air compressor as far as possible from work area to lessen noise when compressor is on ...................... <strong>(2).</strong> Make shop floor 2 inches or so higher than driveway so water will not come into shop. We had a deluge of rain and water came in.........................................<strong> (3)</strong>. If shop is a distance from house, consider installing security alarm system with loud siren on building and hard wired small siren inside house. You will not hear alarm on building if it sounds at 3:00am, but you will hear small alarm inside house. I bought a HoneyWell with 6 zones on eBay for about $150. &nbsp;It adds a lot of peace-of-mind.&nbsp;
I actually paid a guy $500 to shingle my garage when I got to this point. The roof had an 8/12 pitch and it was worth the money to have it done in 5 hrs vs 3 days

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