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How to build a treehouse

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Step 4: Mount the main supports

Get a strip of light wood and nail one end to one of your trees at a height about 1 ft lower than you want the floor of your treehouse (to save a future concussion, it should also be at least 1 ft higher than your head!). Get it perfectly horizontal with the help of a level and nail the other end to the other tree. Drill 3/8" holes straight into the tree just above the strip of wood. Do the same on the other side of the trees, this time taking the extra precaution of first ensuring the new strip is not only horizontal but also level with the strip on the other side of the tree.

Now, take down the strips and measure the exact distance between the holes. Subtract this distance from 10', halve the remainder, and make a mark this distance away from one end of your 2 x 10. Drill a 5/8" hole in the middle of the board. Make another mark using the between-the-holes measurement . Now drill two 5/8" holes, each 2" either side of your mark and both in the middle of the board. Get a jigsaw and make two cuts between the holes to make 4" long slot. Repeat for the other side of the tree. The slot allows the trees to move without tearing your treehouse apart - the more your trees move, the longer the slot ought to be (note that the slots I cut are only about 2" long, not 4", but these trees don't move perceptibly at the height of the treehouse, even in a strong wind. If your trees move appreciably, and/or if you're planning to build higher up, use a sliding beam support).

Now, screw your boards to the tree with a wrench. Use washers, and don't bolt hard against the tree. The space you're giving it to grow is the gap between the support and the tree. The longer you want your treehouse to last, the further you should perch the support away - and the more substantial your lag screws ought to be! 3/4" or, ideally, 1" would be best.


 
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jcdecker711 year ago
Just wanted to reach out and say thanks. My 11 year old son has been bugging me for a year for a tree house, and while I'm okay with tools, taking this task on was proving daunting. These are great instructions and I have modified based on needs. Got the joist attached to the tress today. Moving on to the frame next weekend. Thanks!
makendo (author)  jcdecker711 year ago
Thanks, I appreciate it. Best of luck with the build; let me know if you have any questions as you go along.
dclose731 year ago
Question about the rafter ties. In my configuration, the 2x10s and 2x6s are not at right angles. How did you manage to attach the rafter ties? Did you somehow bend each of them to match the angle of the join? Or were your angles close enough that it did not require any modification?
makendo (author)  dclose731 year ago
Mine were pretty close, and yeah, I just hammered them flat. Good luck with the build!
davegriff4 years ago
Wont drilling and screwing bolts into tree kill it?
makendo (author)  davegriff4 years ago
Well, if you read the comments section, you'll see there are two schools of thought: people who have built treehouses say no, those that haven't say you risk exactly that. I will comment that I went treetop ziplining today, with a operation that has been around for years and who have a strong commercial interest in the health of their trees. They have bolts into the trees, through the trees, all over the place - and their trees are in great health. I asked them whether the bolts do any damage, and they clearly thought it was a barmy question. After checking I wasn't joking, they said, "less than pruning off a small branch, so no".
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