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Step 4: The beginning of the hardest part ever...

Okay, here we go, build the shocker, the hardest part ever...

Read step by step through this instructable until you get to the end...

Okay, get all of the wanted components, fire up the soldering iron, turn on your work lamp, get a magnifying glass, and HERE WE GO!!!

Also I made a schematic and a design that should help you how to build a shocker...


Step 0: Start with a five pin transformer.


UPDATE - 9, October, 2008
I have improved the schematics, I hope it is easier for you to read.

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<p>I am a novice but handy with my hands and tools and a quick learner... I may be wrong but in your first illustration there appears to be only one lead emanating from the device and in the second illustration below there are two lead which you suggested we touch with our fingers. That is the device I wish to build having two leads. can you please help me with this? Thank you. Dan </p>
This instructable is awesome thank you
<p> For the sake of accuracy, it's NOT the &quot;voltage&quot; that can harm you, it's how much CURRENT that's behind it that counts, and the FREQUENCY of that current; (for reference, see the various pix all over the internet, etc., of Nikola Tesla sitting in a room full of multi-million-volt arcs, yet none are touching him, or the pix of his holding a rather large glass &quot;bulb&quot; that's been evacuated &amp; coated with a fine white powder of who-knows-what-he-used, which lit up his lab only when he was holding it; NO wires at all. (He had an &quot;antenna&quot; type of arrangement connected to a then-considered &quot;high-frequency&quot; alternator, filling the room with high-frequency wireless energy, &amp; when he picked up the glass bulb, he was the &quot;receiving antenna&quot; which got enough of the low-freq RF, (by today's standards), to radiate from him into the bulb to cause it to flouresce, hence the term we still use today, &quot;flourescent&quot; lamps. Only the frequency is different.)</p><p> I am presently sitting next to an evacuated glass globe with several thousand volts of around 16-kHz applied to it, &amp; when I put my hand near or on it, the &quot;streamers&quot; inside the &quot;Tesla Globe&quot; follow my hand or fingers, but it doesn't harm me at all, &amp; wouldn't even if there wasn't any glass between me &amp; the high-frequency power-source causing the effects in the glass bulb; I don't feel a thing.</p><p> Look up &quot;Skin Effect&quot; to find out why a &quot;microwave&quot; oven, (they actually operate at upper-UHF frequencies), use a short length of otherwise-empty rectangular &quot;waveguide&quot; to get the output from the magnetron tube, at around 2-1/2-gHz or so, into the cooking area, which is actually a &quot;tuned cavity&quot;, and you'll learn a little about why certain frequencies can pass OVER, but not THROUGH, the body, &amp; let you do things like scare the daylights out of someone when you point one finger at a genuine Tesla Coil's output, and the finger of your other hand at them, with sparks streaming from the output-dome or torus of the coil to you, OVER your body, &amp; then to the person you are pointing at, yet no one is harmed in any way. (Do NOT do this unless you KNOW what you are doing! Too many so-called &quot;Tesla coils&quot; can be heard to be humming at 60-Hz or 120-Hz, and THAT WILL cause a LOT of harm, or kill you; a GENUINE &quot;Tesla Coil&quot; operates at &quot;High Frequency&quot;, which is what Mr. Tesla kept emphasizing, but even today, those who choose not to listen missed that little detail.)</p><p> I have a lot of fun on Hallowe'en, when I put a piece of candy to a kid's &quot;goody-bag&quot;, with sparks flying off of my fingertips, complete with arcing noises.</p><p> I also put an HV-jacketed 100-megohm safety resistor in series with the Hi-Voltage wire connected to me somewhere under my jacket, and run the oscillator that runs the frequency of the step-up circuit to the output coil at around 16-kHz, so the CURRENT goes OVER me, and not through me.</p><p> And yes, I've been &quot;bitten&quot; by DC High-Voltage more times than I can count; it's why my hair is white, but I'm not nearly old enough to have white hair naturally... People who survive being hit by a lightning strike often have all of their hair go white; we don't know why, it just does, so that's why I emphasize that you must KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING before &quot;playing&quot; with any currents over a few microamperes. (Less than that shouldn't normally harm a normal human, regardless of voltage, BUT if someone has a latent heart problem, etc., even that small amount of current can cause a fatality, so always do your homework FIRST!)</p><p> Your &quot;Instructable&quot; is nice work, considering the tools you had to use &amp; so on.</p><p> Now, you need to learn how to make the thing HARMLESS before &quot;shocking&quot; anyone; if made to operate properly, most people will swear that they &quot;felt&quot; the spark when they couldn't have, IF they saw &amp; heard it...</p><p> The same goes with carefully shaping a piece of very cold ice to the the same dimensions as a cigarette, carefully drying the end, then touching it to the back of the neck of someone in a room full of people smoking cigarettes; they'll swear they've just been burned, until they realize there's no burn, and you show them the piece of (rapidly-melting) ice.</p><p> It's what their first instinct tells them was the most likely thing they felt; logic takes over a split-second later, when you showed them the piece of ice that actually touched them. (The same nerve-endings which transmit &quot;hot&quot;, also tell us we're &quot;cold&quot;, which makes that prank work.)</p><p> We used to call things like that &quot;Party Tricks&quot;; just make sure your &quot;victim&quot; doesn't have a weak heart!</p><p> The high-frequency, almost-no-current spark shouldn't even be felt; it's the eyes &amp; ears that are telling the brain &quot;You've just been shocked!&quot;, as long as you make certain that you can't feel it either.</p><p> Since this can't be stressed too much: DON'T do things like that unless you KNOW what you're DOING!</p><p> &quot;Playing&quot; with electricity can be entertaining &amp; a learning experience, IF no one is harmed &amp; you don't set fire to anyone or anything while you're doing it, and you know exactly what you're doing BEFORE you do it.</p><p> (I had 5-Watts of around 454-mHz go into my finger, {that's 454,000,000 cycles-per-second}, &amp; while it hurt like mad, it wasn't enough to get out of me; I was the &quot;output antenna&quot;, &amp; the energy radiated equally out of the surface of my body, but the mark where it went INTO me took a few decades to finally fade away; a co-worker who should've known better, (but didn't), touched the output terminal of an operating 2.513-gHz transmitting tube while the transmitter was on, {that's 2,513,000,000 cycles-per-second}, and when he showed me the half-inch-long carbon-track on his finger, I asked him &quot;which foot did it go out of?&quot;; he took off his right shoe, and there was the matching carbon-track from the RF-burn on his big toe, where the 100-Watt signal had exited his body &amp; gone to ground. Fortunately, he was young and the power had gone in his right finger &amp; out his right foot; if it had gone across his hands, or through his LEFT side, it may well have caused his heart to stop, so be CAREFUL! when you're working with enough electricity to overcome your skin-resistance, so you don't become a statistic.)</p><p> We need good younger Techs &amp; Engineers, but NOT dead ones, so I wish you well in your studies, and always remember to &quot;do your homework&quot; FIRST, so you don't become a statistic!</p><p> Not all frequencies will go over the human body, as evidenced by my getting thrown across the room &amp; burned, and my co-worker getting burned at freq's in the millions or billions of cycles-per-second ranges, but there's plenty of info on the internet and other places to learn to &quot;do it safely&quot;, so by all means, &quot;read &amp; heed&quot; before &quot;diving into an empty pool&quot;!</p><p> Some key-words to search on are: Tesla, High-Frequency, skin-effect, &quot;I.F.&quot;, &quot;R.F.&quot;, waveguide, microwaves, millimeter-waves, wavelength; you get the idea.</p><p> Keep up the interest &amp; experiments, &amp; study what's going on to understand it, and you'll no doubt become a good Electrical Engineer, so experiment safely!</p>
Just a FYI, Tesla said the pictures of him sitting in the room with the high voltage discharges were double exposures
...And for the FYI, Sam Clemens, a.k.a. Mark Twain, (who was Tesla's close personal friend), also said he &quot;greatly enjoyed&quot; having Nikola draw an arc to himself, then pass it to Twain, who would pass it to someone else or to a grounded object.<br> When it comes to N. Tesla, I've done more than my share of homework, and I'm aware of the photos you're referring to; those aren't the one's I was referring to, though. &quot;No Harm, no foul&quot; :)<br>
Some folks don't understand that and hurt themselves. Then there's these kids thinking it's funny to shock others ... I've done my share of researching Tesla to the point of vomiting, that dude had a way of taking credit for a LOT of others work. Good thing Marconi did what he did proving that path goes both ways.
You may want to consider editing your suggestions on this device use. To suggest shocking a person reaps legal consequences. Your worst nightmare does not share your dark humour.
<p>I applaud your creative use of recycled parts and the 'fun' nature of your project. It might be best only to use it among your own 'crowd', or there may be trouble, and I recommend no one should ever take this to school, or a suspension or expulsion might occur.<br><br>Your project is the very low end basis for a Tazer, which uses a vibrator circuit to switch it on and off repeatedly. The signal is AC, high voltage &amp; very, very low amperage. The human nervous system especially motor nerves and muscular control, as well as sensory nerves work on FM signals. A Tazer overwhelms the system monetarily and causes the 'target' to be temporarily stunned. So, before you go further, IN THE USA, the following states BAN civilian use or ownership of Tazers. Your device MIGHT be classed that way if someone called police on you. The states (and some cities) are:</p><p>States: New York, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Hawaii, </p><p>Cities: Annapolis, MD; Baltimore, MD; Crawford County, IA; District Of Columbia, Philadelphia, PA</p><p>Good work, and use your powers for good , not evil! (If you live outside the USA, check with the local and state authorities before you work with something like this. You may be inadvertently crossing a line with the law.)</p>
It only takes one complaint and cops are on you faster than white on rice
<p>c'mon; we already had similar devices in a ballpointpen-look-alike over 40 years ago, and of course, we took it to school and tried to let unaware teachers and other kids &quot;sign&quot; something. The moment they pressed the button on top to get out the mine usually was followed by the moment, when the &quot;pen&quot; flew across the classroom and the swearing (and the laughing of those &quot;knowing&quot;) started &gt;:-) That's the only reason why you make such things ...</p>
<p>But YOU c'mon. It's 2016, and last year a kid chewed his pop-tart into <br>the shape of a handgun and was expelled from school. Catch up with the <br>latest news. Schools are scared crap-less! I say Zero-Tolerance is bull <br>crap, but that DID happen.<br><br>If you carried your Napoleon Solo <br>shocking communicator pen with teacher launched parts, you'd be expelled too... This <br>would get you arrested. Let's not forget the kid who took apart a clock <br>and made a project out of it, then got suspended and THEN invited to the <br>White House, because, well honestly, the President liked him, you <br>figure out why...</p>
<p>I suppose it comes down to where you live and work. I have been in construction and mining for over 20 years in Australia and have always known it as a FlatHead Screwdriver and never heard it reffered to as a FlatBlade Screwdriver. In the end, it is a lot of hoo-ha about nothing. It doesnt matter what the name is, it still works the same ;)</p>
<p>I agree completely <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/Lance_Tronic">Lance_Tronic!</a></p>
<p>I hate to get into a battle of accuracy over a name, but as I said previously, Location, location, location....</p><p>Because it is innacurate in US, does not mean it is innacurate in other countries.. </p><p>but hey, whats in a name.</p>
Next time, just use pliers. <br>Sheesh.
<p>If pliers won't work, use a hammer.</p>
<p>Actually, there's no such thing as a flathead screwdriver, it's a flat head screw, i.e. it's not domed. A flat bladed screwdriver has a flat blade as opposed to a crosshead or pozidrive. But your right, who cares? </p>
<p>*you're ;-)</p>
Well put. I concur though your reply was a little more polite than mine.
<p>The author DID apologize for his age and admittedly poor grammar. Your badgering him about the difference between flat head and slotted screwdrivers is cruel. <br><br>There is a be nice policy, and I am appalled at you. Slot blade screw drivers are commonly referred to as many things, but most often as flat blade or flat head. Phillips blades are often referred to as cross point and many other things by those not constantly burying their head in a tool catalog.<br><br>I applaud this young person for DOING something rather than sitting on the sidelines and criticizing anything that can be found that isn't STANDARD for you.</p>
Oh man, you had to throw the word &quot;standard&quot; into the &quot;name this screwdriver&quot; debate!?
<p>Before the Phillips/Cross point/&quot;+&quot; screw and matching driver (and others) were invented, the Flat Bladed screw driver was the ONLY STANDARD.<br><br>And since we're on a forum that is International, what's standard in the USA is (Oddly - Imperial inches, feet, yards) and where the Empire we in the US sprang from it's freaking Metric. (A fact that is lost on as few now unemployed NASA engineers, but I diverge.)<br><br>In reality I was commenting on a person's comment (since removed for NOT nice). Standards exist so that we can say 3/8&quot; and you'll know what socket wrench I need and you can say 10mm and I know you'll need my metric.<br><br>Slotted vs. flat blade vs. &quot;standard&quot; we kind of all know what that means.</p>
<p>I ran into a pair of Japanese techs from Hitachi that called them (+) plus and (-) minus screwdrivers.</p>
<p>Wow! Really well done, good instructable too, i am 57 years old and if i have to do this instructions it should be not as good as yours! Please keep doing it, just take advantage of your youth and clear thinking and disregard the critics.</p>
<p>Plasmana, if you're not an Amateur Radio Operator (a Ham), please contact your local amateur radio club. You've got a great start on a wonderful, lifelong hobby. Nice instructable!</p><p>You've done well on soldering, but I have a hint. Use tweezers or small needlenose pliers to form a small loop or crook in the end of the lead that you're connecting. Assemble the joint, then crush the loop so that it will hold fast while you're soldering the junction. Solder is a good electrical connecting material, but not so good for a mechanical connection. If you build a good mechanical connection, then cover it with solder, you've got it made.</p><p>W4YBO</p>
<p>dude, im not plasmana, but im actually thinking of doing ham radio, is it any good?</p>
<p>It must be pretty good!! I've been licensed since 1983. My first license as a &quot;novice&quot; was in 1965, but the code requirement to up-grade back in the day, was not do-able for me. In the years since 1983 I was able to raise my code speed, but fortunately the FCC discontinued the code requirements, and I now hold a &quot;general&quot; class ticket. I am proud to be able to use Morse code even though it's no longer required. Ham radio is awesome. The people in it are top-notch. I wish you luck. KA0HSS----73</p>
<p>Personally I get a kick out of low power operation and seeing how many miles per watt I get. I once communicated with a guy in Ukraine on 5 watts from NC. And made a contact with an orbiting Space Shuttle at a range of 2600 miles (altitude 169 miles UP) on 35 watts. It's a kick when you grew up on &quot;Kirk to Enterprise&quot;. (We send post cards back and forth to prove contact was made. called QSL cards.)<br><br>And making it to Extra is not very easy, but can be done with some study and help from other hams. Technician is very easy, mostly study and theory as well as rules. I made it WITH Morse code, but no longer required. Odd coincidence, Ivan, and John and John are chatting, and Ivan is the Russian form of &quot;John&quot;.</p>
<p>Hi Ivan! It's a lot of fun! The way the licensing is structured now, there's no Morse code requirement, and the Technician license gets you on VHF+ (30 MHz and up). My XYL (wife) did that and keeps a little Icom 2 m/70 cm in the glove compartment, just for emergencies (and for me to play with when we're out in her car.) I'm licensed as General class and will be rebuilding my station this weekend since I finally replaced my computer. I enjoy digital modes, like PSK31 on 20m, and APRS on 2m. Regardless of your interests, you'll find something cool as a Ham.</p><p>Look for a Hamfest in your area. Great place to meet others with similar interests, and tons of parts and gear. Unfortunately, ARRL Field Day (remote/emergency operations practice) was on June 25-26, last weekend. That's usually a good place to get a start. Visit ARRL.org for listings of local clubs and hamfests.</p><p>73 de W4YBO (Best wishes from Me)</p>
<p>73! W4YBO from AA4PC<br><br>Good points. I use a pair of locking forceps to pre-tin delicate components, it acts as a heat sink to keep the heat where it belongs, on the joint, and not in the transistor or whatever. I also do as you do and hold the joint in physical contact before applying heat and holding it till cool to prevent a &quot;cold&quot; solder joint. Often I use a socketed component to avoid the heat altogether.<br><br>You're right, this young person has real potential as a ham radio operator. Surprising so many are &quot;down&quot; on him and his little creation.</p>
<p>Good point on the forceps. I have a pair of bulldog tweezers I use the same way.</p><p>I'm re-building my shack this weekend after a PC upgrade, but hopefully I'll be back on 14.070 MHz Sunday evening</p><p>73 de W4YBO</p>
<p>I have to have an antenna party, my HF antenna needs putting up... I have a nice rig that will go almost from daylight to the top of the 160m band, and no HF antenna. Have never operated on 160 meters.</p>
<p>I use a GAP Voyager DX for 160 - 20 meters. Counterpoise, no radials, plus it gives our Kestrels a nice perch. Rebuilding (actually, avoiding stepping on) a Cushcraft R8 in the basement.</p>
<p>I &quot;Cheated&quot; and bought the extended G5RV offered that is SUPPOSED to cover 160 to 20 with a tuner. My hands don't work like they used to from arthritis, so I bought one. Puttign it up will prove more difficult than building one, I think.</p>
<p>plus won. always create a mechanical connection that will hold the wires while you solder them. a tight fit means less chance of a cold solder. the hp way; bunny goes through hole, then is mated. and yes, ham radio is the next internet.</p>
<p>First Internet. We were sending Packet switched network messages and doing APRS (Automatic Position Reporting System - used by OnStar, Police, Fire, EMS - invented by a Ham I have communicated with) since before there were dial up modems on the market.</p>
<p>Nice to make your acquaintance &quot;Mac&quot;. Perhaps on the air one day.</p>
<p>Good instructable. I can easily build one from it. So, I had no trouble with your instructions at all. Well done. I make defensive walking canes for the elderly (mainly to fend off dog attacks since we have several strays that can be agressive). I usually use tiny spikes that irritate a dog's mouth so it can not bite the cane a peron might use to ward off a dog. This little shocker seems ideal for improving the design. My only problem might be for an elderly person using a pace maker or a defibrillator implant. An accidental zap might prove lethal to them. But, for a person without such devices, I can see how this little zapper would be very helpful.</p>

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