Instructables

How to change the inner tie rod on a Subaru Outback

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Picture of How to change the inner tie rod on a Subaru Outback
...As the title says. A national chain wanted over $250 to do this job. I did it myself in about an hour -with tools I had around the house. It should be as quick or quicker for you, if you follow this instructable. If I had had an instructable like this, I probably could have done this in 45 minutes or less, without rushing. The parts ran me about $50.
 
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Step 1: Tools Needed

Wheel chocks or rocks, bricks
Jack stand(s)
Breaker bar/extension
Needle nose pliers
Locking pliers or Vice Grips
Channel locks
Rubber mallet or hammer
19mm open wrench
19mm deep well socket and matching socket wrench
Spray paint or nail polish
Center punch or punch or medium sized, regular, non-high quality flat head screw driver

Step 6: Mark your territory

Mark the current position of the outer tie-rod end with spary paint or nail polish, or whathaveyou

THE FOLLOWING IS NOT NECCESARY FOR THIS INSTRUCTABLE:

At this point, you can use a 19mm open wrench and a pair of vice-grips to remove the outer tie rod. Secure the vise-grips to the outer tie rod's flat spots, use the box wrench to loosen the locking nut, then unscrew the outer tie-rod. Count or mark the threads. If you were just doing the outer tie rod, you'd be done here.

THE PRECEDING IS NOT NECCESARY FOR THIS INSTRUCTABLE:

Step 9: Removing the boot: Part Three

Go back to the side of car, where you removed the castellated nut

Grab the boot and slide it towards you. Alternatively, you can roll the boot over itself. This will expose the inner tie-rod end.

Step 10: Unstake my heart: Or unstaking the washer

At the rear of the inner tie-rod is a staked washer of sorts, you must unstake this washer. I used a flat head screw driver and a hammer. A punch is the proper tool. I didn't have one handy.

Step 12: On comparing rods

My replacement inner tie rod was a different style than the original, so I lined up the sockets and then screwed the old outer tie rod to the same position compared to the old inner tie rod.

Be sure to put the boot back on the inner tie rod BEFORE securing the outer tie rod to the inner tie rod. I didn't do that in this picture, so I wasted a few minutes taking it apart again.

Step 13: Installation is the reverse of removal

Installation is the reverse of removal. My iPhone's battery died, so I have no pictures of this process.  However, it's pretty straight forward.

Thread the boot onto the inner tire rod
Install the inner tie rod with the locking pliers
Stake the new washer
Pull the boot over the inner tire rod and secure it to the same place you unsecured it from
Put the outer tie rod back into the wheel assy.
Replace castellated nut
Put new cotter pin in
Put wheel back on



Notes:

With the inner tie-rod off of the car, slip or thread the boot on. I had to thread it on.
If the cotter pin wont come out, then break off what you can and torque it out with the 19mm socket.
If you can't get the remnants of the cotter pin out of the threaded rod on the outer tie-rod end, drill it out. I used WD-40 as a drill lube.

boxcarl1 year ago
picklefork!
criggie3 years ago
What is a staked washer in step 10 ? how do you unstake and restake (?) this washer ?
ill13 (author)  criggie3 years ago
...also a "centerpunch" or "punch" is the proper tool [versus a screwdriver]
ill13 (author)  criggie3 years ago
jeepers, how do i describe staking a washer?. So, say you have a flat washer, laying flat on the ground...What you are going to do is take a flat head screw driver and hold it, perpendicular to the washer, then hit the handle of the screwdriver with a hammer, vertically -as if the screwdriver were a nail. This ought to dent the washer in such a way that it is no longer flat. That is essentially staking a washer. Unstaking would be the opposite, which would be removing the dent you made. This is probably something a friend or relative could do/or show you quicker than I can describe
thx
auersperg4 years ago
 Nice work and a good homemade, i like this kind of homemade. I repare a lot of things of my mother´s car and it cost me 1/10 of the cost in a repair shop, and it work´s perfect. Sorry about my english . . . i´m from chile and here we speak spanish, so it´s not that easy write in english. 
Good bye and good luck!