This is my first instructable so dont be too harsh lol. As there are alot of considerations to make, i may miss things out.
Step 1: Consideration 1 - the Cost
Beginner Kits:These are considered to cost less than Â£200. The build quality is generally quite basic and they are manufactured simply and on mass. Mostly they come with cheap hardware (hardware is equipment such as stands for cymbals and drums, footpedals and stools) and alot come also with cheap quality cymbals. They are a good option for people new to the drums who do not want to spend alot of money and just want to start playing, the reason being they come with alot of beginner hardware. They are not considered to be long lasting, probably being needed to be replaced after under 2 years.
Intermediate Kits: Intermediate kits are generally considered to cost between Â£200 and Â£500. They have a fairly good build quality and some also come with beginner cymbals. They are good if you want a decent starter kit at an affordable price with an average to good build quality. They are usually a popular choice among people drumming a little while and students who cant afford high end kits. Big brandssuch as pearl, tama, mapex and gretsh make kits in this price range. Some kits in this price range also boast beng made of good woods such as birch.
Semi-professional Kits: These kits are usually priced between Â£500 and Â£1000 although some can be more expensive. The build quality is very good and they are usually supplied with very good hardware to match. Woods like birch and maple are common on kits in this range which give good sounds. They also are generally finished well and are nice looking. They are good for people who have been drumming a few years or people who have money to spend on a very good first kit. As they do not tend to come with cymbals, with many starting drummers intermediate kits are preferred.
Pro kits: I regard these kits as Â£1500+ although they can be regarded as Â£1000+. They can be found cheaper. They have the best build quality and many are hand built using specialist woods and materials in special factories. The sounds and finishes are second to none, they are used by most professional drummers. They come with the best hardware. All the big brands have at least one series of kit in this price range. They are the best choice for professionals and drummers who have been drumming a very long time and have the money to spend. There are many custom drum manufacturers who only make drums in this range such as Pork pie, SJC, slingerland and orange country.
Step 2: Consideration 2 - How Many Pieces?
Some kits are available in 6, 7 and even 8 piece. Usually for 6 piece kits either a smaller 8" or 6" tom will be included or another floor tom. These can be more expensive but offer benefits such as a wider variety of sounds ( plus they look cooler :P)
Tom sizes refer to diameter. Simply the larger the diameter, the deeper the sound. usually the larger the diameter the deeper the drum but this can vary. Different set ups have different sizes of toms available, this varies. The standard is usually 12" and 13" or 10" and 12" toms mounted to the bass drum.
Step 3: Consideration 3 - the Drums Themselves
The Shells:These are basically the drums themselves. Deeper shells usually produce a deeper and louder sound with more projection and volume while shallower shells produce a better sound tone although normally not as loud.
If the wood of the shells is thicker, a greater volume is produced. Like shallower shells, thinner shells promote a better tone and can nicely bring out the sound of specific woods.
It is really just personal choice what to go for, to the untrained ear all materials can sound very similar.
The Material: The Shells material can make a big difference to sound quality. Wood is usually preferred for toms and the bass drum as it has a warmer sound. Metal can be commonly used for the snare as it produces alot of attack and projection.
The most common material to make kits out of are woods. The qualities of some are descibed below.
Maple - This is considered to be a high end wood because it gives a warm sound to drums. It is very popular and used on alot of professional kits. It gives alot of projection as well and is good for live drumming.
Birch - This is considered to be second to maple although it depends on the type of music. It produces a sharper and louder sound which is well defined.
Mahogany - This is another popular wood with low and high end kits alike. It tends to give a mellow sound with reduced projection.
Ash - This wood is usually deemed similar sounding to birch, maybe with slightly less volume ( if anyone can confirm this i would greatly appreciate it :))
Bubinga - This is a relatively new wood being used on the tama starclassic series. Ive heard it has a low tone with lots of attack and is expensive.
Poplar - This is quite a cheap wood, the main wood for beginner kits. It is also sometimes used as an inner ply on high end kits.
Basswood - This is mainly used on intermediate kits. Its use is mainly decorative and as cheaper inner plys.
Shell hardware: This is basically other parts of the shell.
Lugs - Lugs are attached to the shell of all the drums and allow the head to be tightened. They come in many designs. A good type of lug is low mass lugs, they are attached minimally to the shells which increases the vibration and thus sound of the drums.
Hoops - These are also used to attach heads. Flanged hoops are the cheapest and are the easiest to tune. Die cast hoops are better as they give better tones to the drums but consequently make the drums harder to tune. They are common on semi professional kits.
Tension rods - These are basically screws to tighten or loosen the heads. They fit into the lugs. Most ift drum keys although older drums have slotted rods.
Tom mounts - 'Different manufacturers use different methods to attach the toms to the bass drum. This one is attached to the hoop to allow the drum to resonate freely, producing a good sound. Mounts are commonly attached to the tension rods and lugs. Low end kits have drilled toms, the sound quality is not as good as the drum cant vibrate as freely.
Step 4: Consideration 4 - the Hardware
Cymbals stands - These as the name suggests are used for mounting cymbals. usually kits include one or two cymbal stands. Straight stands are straight (again as the name suggests, not very original) Usually the angle of the tip can be adjusted to angle the cymbal in different positions. Boom stands offer greater positioning flexibility still. They can be adjusted to almost any position. Stands hold one cymbal but cymbal stackers can be purchased to allow cymbals to basically be stacked onto the same stand. They do not come included with kits generally.
Stands can be double or single braced. Double braced stands are stronger and more durable, thus being better.
Drum stands- Stands can also be used for toms, floor toms or other toms where the bass drum is undrilled. These can also offer flexibility benefits. Racks can be also included with some kits. They are effectively curved bars on which many cymbals, drums and percussion can be mounted. Snare stands are included with all kits.
Stools - Stools come in a variety of shapes and designs. Thrones are special stools which are very comfortable to sit on and are included with some kits. This could potentially be an important factor in deciding between two incredibly similar kits.
Bass (kick) pedal - Like snare stands, bass drum pedals come wit all kits. They can very considerably, the best way to decide between them is to simply try playing with them. Which brings me to my final piece of advice...
Step 5: Try Out Kits!!!!
I hope this guide has been useful, i did not see anything like it on the site and thought people could benefit from the advice. Thanks for reading, i apologise if i missed out anything.