Confused by the numbers and focal lengths?
Well no more! You've come to the right place.
This instructable is necessary especially for beginners, but also has tips for even experienced photographers in search of a new lens.
If you liked this instructable, or if it helped you make your decision, then please vote for me in the photojojo contest! thank you
ITS MY BIRTHDAY!!!! 4/9/92!!!
is there some sort of instructables birthday package? ahah just kidding
Step 1: Overview:
- about lenses
- what focal lengths mean
- about the different kinds of lenses and their relation to focal length
- how to narrow down your choices and buy the lens of your dreams!
Step 2: Lenses
Basically, it's either one lense or a series of lenses that'll focus the desired image onto a sensor (for digital cameras) or onto film.
When it comes to P&S and Advanced P&S cameras, the lenses are not removable. So if you buy one of these, you don't even have to worry about making the tough decision!
On the other hand, DSLR cameras DO have removable lenses and at times cost much more than the body itself. There are different kinds of lenses for D-SLR's, the main types being:
- Wide Angle
Each one is different from the other and will fit your lifestyle and artistic style better than others.
Step 3: Focal Lengths
Focal Length is basically a measure of how strongly light is focused onto a given point. Generally, shorter focal lengths have stronger optical power than longer focal lengths.
Focal length affects pictures by "adjusting the camera's distance from the main subject while changing focal length. the main subject can remain the same size, while the other at a different distance changes size." It also determines the angle of view (how much area is covered in the image).
(see first picture)
Focal length is expressed in millimeters (mm)
Step 4: The Kinds of Lenses
Standard (Normal) lenses are lenses with a focal length similar to that of the naked eye.
A lens with a focal length about equal to the diagonal size of the film or sensor format is known as a normal lens.
Lifestyle: This lens can be used for more general use for simply taking everyday pictures. If you plan on using your camera for this reason, you should have this sort of lens in mind.
Wide Angle (21-35 mm)
Wide angle lenses allow you to have a greater field of vision in your images. Basically if you used a standard lens from five feet away from a tree and your picture came out as just the tree trunk and leaves, and you stood at the same distance and used a wide angle lens to take a picture of the same thing, you'd get the tree trunk, leaves and people on the side of it that were cut off by the standard lens.
Lifestyle: Wide angle lenses are popular with landscape photographers. They are great for highlighting foreground objects with the background almost fading into the distance. The depth of the picture is therefore accentuated. The most common focal length for a wide angled lens are 24mm and 28mm.
Telephoto (135-300+ mm)
Telephoto lenses are simply zoom lenses. It is great for bringing far away objects right up into the meat of the picture. Think of a scope on a sniper rifle. :-)
Lifestyle: These lenses are great if you plan on taking photos at sporting events. If you're a parent of an athletic child, you could use this lens to take photos of your son who plays outfielder and likes to stand really far away.
Great info on telephoto lenses from gmoon and everything2.como:
telephoto = long focal length is technically
incorrect. Telephoto actually means that the theoretical nodal point of the
lens falls somewhere physically outside of the optics (either in
front of or behind the glass.) With multiple compound optical elements,
it's pretty commonplace. Almost all wide angle lenses are also telephotos
The nodal point is that theoretical point where the light / image
begins being inverted by the lens.
These lenses are used to take close up shots of things. They are great for making instructables on things that are small, like when you're showing a picture of where to solder something. Macro lenses can be tricky to master, but if you know how to use it, they can be quite artsy!
Lifestyle: If you're an avid instructabler with out of focus pictures, this one's for you! (If you have a P&S, look up other instructables on how to use the macro setting!)
These are lenses that actually look like fisheyes. They are commonly used in action sports photography or videos. They give that bulged-in-the-center look and give you a full 180% angle of view. Pictures look like you're looking through throuhg the lens in your door.
Lifestyle: These lenses are good if you're a skater or do other action sports that you want to give an edgy look to in your photos.
These are basically lens-extenders. They add focal length to your lenses. The reason people don't just buy these instead of buying an actual telephoto lens is quality. Teleconverters tend to reduce the amount of light hitting the sensor, make focusing harder, but these are very useful and a good one is always great to have around.
Lifestyle: This is a good lens for you if you're a on-the-go photographer. They're good if you're on vacation and don't want to carry around a long telephoto lens. You can easily use it to convert your standard lens to a telephoto in a jiffy to take pictures of that alligator eating your sister's purse 20 feet away
There are lots of kinds of lenses out there, but generally for first-time buyers, these are the kinds to consider.
Step 5: Choosing Your Lens
DIYPhotography.net has some great tips for narrowing down your le
1. First of all, you have to look around and find what kind of lens. This is broad, so narrow it down!
Find out what kind of lens you think you need maybe it's two! Let's say its telephoto and macro.
Go out and find lenses that'll be right for you: find lenses that'll fit your camera, are within your budget, and maybe even look good to you.
Ask yourself what you would do most with your camera and from there, which lens would fit your needs.
- "My lenses are not fast enough - I miss great shots in dark places.
- My lenses take too long to focus - I miss all those great action shots
- My lenses don't have enough focal length / are not wide enough - I wish I could shoot from further away or I wish I could squeeze more into the frame."
3. Finally, decide on your lens. Go out and buy it! After all this work, you're bound to love that new lens even more.
Step 6: Final Words
1. Explore your needs
Sounds pretty easy to me!
So if you liked this instructable and felt it was edifying and useful, please vote for it in the Photojojo contest! Thanks! I did a lot of research on this, especially because I'm about to go out and get a new lens for a Canon Xti I'm getting! wwoooot!