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How to do CPR. (Red Cross)

Picture of How to do CPR. (Red Cross)
The first 2 steps will be the same as rescue breathing because this is the initial assessment. This part is very important and determines weather rescue breathing, CPR, or unconscious choking steps should be executed.

I am currently taking my Red Cross Life Saving class. To help me study for my final test I am reciting CPR, Rescue Breathing, Unconscious Choking, and AED steps from memory. This not only benefits me but also the Instructables community and anyone else who wants to study or learn.

The steps are relatively easy to preform and remember. A pocket mask is recommended to prevent diseases from spreading. They are not needed in training or a real emergency but are for the safety for everyone. I will be doing the instructable as if you did have one though.

I will be adding links and pictures later along with some other notes and some edits if need be.

Things to know:

I may group sections differently than in the Red Cross book, the steps are the same.

Children are considered 12 to 1 years old by the American Red Cross.

If you are a life guard or are working in a job that life saving skills are needed do not leave the victim until someone else that can help arrives. This is called abandonment and you can be held legally responsible.
 
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randofo5 years ago
Hey, this is a great instructable and is very informative. Just one thing is missing... pictures! It really helps a lot when trying to follow directions so you should consider taking some photographs. Once you do that and leave me a message when you have so that we can publish your work. Thanks! Thanks for the cool instructable and we hope to publish this soon!
richdawg2 years ago
If an individual does not have a pulse compressions should start immediately!
Blood flow to the heart is more important at this point. After the completion of the 30 compressions give 2 breath.
gamatthews4 years ago
The following Videos...: are good.   If one or other, do compression...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E5huVSebZpM

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5r7haVfZXek
frollard5 years ago
Really great instructable - It has a lot of potential - but right now I think it needs quite a bit of work. I really hope this comes across as constructive, as that is how it is intended: Actual pictures showing the actual procedure I think would help. Yours aren't bad - but they're just generic first-aid/cpr pictures, not the actual steps involved. Step 1: The rescue breathing mask is not as much for diseases, as for the inevitable mouthful of vomit that is going to be ejected as you do your chest compressions. Step 1: A disclaimer that these are the 'as of time of writing,xxx 2009, best known practices'. and that people should if interested, become ACTIVELY CERTIFIED by an accredited institution, be it the red cross, st johns, or other. Why? Because if anything hits the fan - or anything turns into a lawsuit - if you're certified, then you have the agency to back you up. If you tell people you learned cpr from instructables - they would call you into question. I say this for the protection of the victim, AND the rescuer. Step 4 and 5 - you just say 'do compressions like unconscious choking' - which you dont explain in this article at all. I feel it important to note that landmarking is INCREDIBLY IMPORTANT. As a cpr-c rescuer myself, I'm taught to find the zyphoid - that cartilage at the junction of the lowermost ribs, and count 3 fingers 'up' from there, placing the palm of the lower hand above that 3-finger distance count. As a 911 operator, my instructions (loosely, dont quote me on this) are 'right between the nipples' - its the quickest way to find the right spot. Speed: Most people don't do cpr fast enough. my 911 instructions are 'twice per second' - 120bpm. Each agency has a slightly different number. The easiest way as a rescuer, is to note the song 'stayin alive' - which is exactly 120bpm, and pulse to that. 'ah ah ah ah, stayin alive, stayin alive...'. Morbid, yes, effective, yes - you can't really forget it! You have the workings of a great instructable here - but you're missing what seems like 'every other step'. You've written the instructions as if people ALREADY KNOW what to do - because you already know. Try to revise it as if the instructions are talking to a complete lay-person with no training. A picture is worth a thousand words. Telling the user WHERE TO SIT/STAND/BE is VERY important!!! The rescue breather must be near the airway. The chest compression person should be centered about the nipples, on the opposite side of the airway person. These are small details - but they are important - hence why the booklet you learn cpr from is ...big....and has pictures.
crazyscott85 (author)  frollard5 years ago
I'll try to edit it sometime. Chest compressions don't cause vomiting and you wouldn't have your face right over them doing breaths while doing compressions anyways. Vomiting is from blowing too much air into the lungs and it overflowing into the stomach.
Not to be argumentative - but almost every person I've done cpr over the phone with (911) has had at least something come up - there are various reactions - and you're right, the most common is from too much air - but still...vomit mouth sucks.
crazyscott85 (author)  frollard5 years ago
Yeah, vomit in the mouth would probably not be the highlight of the day after saving someones life.
UltraMagnus5 years ago
I guess its a useful refresher, but it does skip quite a few details as mentioned above. and what do you do if you don't happen to have a fancy plastic mask in your pocket? you should probably point out that calling an ambulance immediately is far more important, CPR (especially that administered by an amateur) doesn't dramatically increase a persons chance of survival, and most people can't keep it up for much more than five minutes. I guess they changed the ratio of compressions to rescue breaths? when I learnt this (which, admittedly was about 10 years ago) it was something like 16 to 5.
Agreed -- man down = 911 first.

Survival after cardiac arrest drops to almost 0% at the 4 minute mark with no cpr, with cpr, it turns into approximately the 6 minute mark. With cpr and defibrilation WITHIN that first 6 minutes, it extends quite a bit longer.

Early defibrilation. CPR will 'start' 1 in 10000 hearts - its just sadly the case. Advanced Life Support medics can administer heart-starting drugs and shocks *assuming fibrilation* - but they must arrive in that 4-6 minute window.
crazyscott85 (author)  UltraMagnus5 years ago
I just looked everything up out of my Red Cross life saving book. I thought I mentioned calling an ambulance right after finding the person was unconscious?
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