Recently my USB car charger died. I thought it'd be great if I could just install USB ports into the center console, and I totally did too. But the iPod wouldn't charge, so I scoured the internet looking for an answer. I found out what I needed to do was put resistors onto the data lines, but nobody agreed on what resistors or even how to hook them up. Finally I just ripped apart my broken USB charger to see how they did it.
Step 1: Schematics
OK, here we go.
The values of the resistors in the schematic below can be approximate. Those are just the values I measured from the resistors on my dead car charger. You could also hook up different valued resistors in series to dial in the exact ohms (22K + 22K = 44K, perfect for R2.) Also, 1/8W resistors will work just fine.
Once you build the circuit, test it. You should get around 2.7 volts out of D- and 2V out of D+. This may seem scary high but it's in the USB spec for signaling a USB 2.0 connection. This is how the iPod knows it's OK to draw the power it needs to charge.
Step 2: Conclusion
Feel free to use any images or designs in your own Instructable or whatever. Just give me credit. Also feel free to criticize any aspect of my circuit designs. The configuration and values of the resistors came from a Griffin iPod USB charger that I bought from the Apple store, and I lifted a good deal of the power supply schematics from ranjeevm in this Instructable.