Introduction: How to Grow Garlic

Picture of How to Grow Garlic

A guide on how to grow Garlic .
I plant Garlic twice a year. In Early spring and in late September. There are several types of garlic.
  Softneck garlic  -which is the garlic in which you see at your typical grocery store.

Artichoke garlic  - is  a milder flavor garlic that can be stored up to eight months.

silverskin garlic  -  Is a easy to grow  garlic with a strong taste and stores up to 12 months.

The pictures shown  here planting the garlic are a silver skin  type. They were planted 2 weeks ago .They should be ready by  early september .

 The pictures where the garlic stalks that are about 10 inches high were planted last year in september.They will be ready in late july..


Step 1: Materials

Picture of Materials

(1) recycled box from the local fruit market

(2) 1 bag peat moss

(3)  4 bags garden soil

(4)  10 clothes of garlic from last years crop

Step 2: Planting the Garlic

Picture of Planting the Garlic

First  start by putting a  8 inch layer of garden soil in the bottom of the garlic box  .
Then i put 5 inches of peat moss on top if that . Then finish filling the box with more top soil.
To plant the garlic  stick your finger in the soil up to your second knuckle  on your index finger .
 Drop the garlic in   ( TIP UP)  the hole and cover lightly with soil.

Step 3: Watching Them Grow

Picture of Watching Them Grow

After about two weeks you will start to see a green finger  come out of the soil.

Step 4: Last Years Crop

Picture of Last Years Crop

 Here are pictures of last years crop we planted last September .They should be ready about the end of July.  

  If you would like to see my above ground garden  please click here .


Cherinaanno (author)2016-07-20

I live in Oregon where we get about 30 inches of rain between September and April. should i shield them from the rain or will they we okay to get rain. we don't get snow but it may freeze 2 or 3 times throughout all winter. Do you have any suggestions i want to plant this september

if it rains that much build a above ground garden that way the access rain will leak out

DamanH1 (author)2016-05-02

I'm finding lately the stalks are unable to hold the weight of the leaves.. is there possibly lack of nutrients?or do I need to bury the garlic cloves deeper?

coolbeansbaby68 (author)DamanH12016-05-04

your soil is not deep enough. if the tips turn yellowish you need to add nitrogen

DamanH1 made it! (author)2016-03-12

so far they seem to be growing nicely and with little effort. great instructions and thanks!

coolbeansbaby68 (author)DamanH12016-03-14

very nice .sprinkle some blood meal over them

coolbeansbaby68 (author)2015-09-04

first worry about your soul it has to be very loose so the bulbs can grow big. 2nd garlic is very nitrogen hungry! I use blood meal twice a season

GlooberE (author)2015-09-03

Hi everyone im new here and to gardening I was woundering how do you know if your garlic is getting to much light or water and if its not enough. Its growin curly but is saging alil but still strong but look like its also geting weak what do I dooo ahh please help..

miwin1000 (author)2013-06-13

I would like to see pictures of the garlic right before you harvest. I want to see what it looks like. I've tried planting it several times now. It grows, but never get a bulb on top, and for some reason, the growth fizzles before harvest time. If I keep killing everything before I get to eat any of it, I'm gonna quit trying to garden and resolve myself to just having a black thumb...:(

Grunambulax (author)miwin10002013-09-26

It depends if you are planting softneck or hardneck garlic. Softneck looks like a scallion and is ready when 2/3 of the leaves turn brown. Hardneck has a scape in the middle that looks like a big straw and there is a small clove at the top. I'm not sure if every variety of hardneck does this. Make sure you have adequate drainage and let the bed dry before you harvest.

If you look at some of the pictures mine had scapes at the top. We cut them and used them in a sauce..

ok i will take some when they are ready . About the 2nd week in july

coolbeansbaby68 (author)2013-05-16

Im not sure where you live but here in upstate ny you plant in the fall (late september) and in july harvest it . One thing about garlic is you cant use store bought garlic. It doesnt work .It has been treated with something to keep it fresh that wont let it grow. I go around the the different farmers and buy from them . The farmers purposely buy from other farmers .They say its good to switch from different places . Why im not sure .

Here in Pittsburgh garlic is planted on Columbus day and harvested on July 4th. I have also found that garlic from the farmer's market works better than garlic I would buy in a package. At this point I always buy from the farmer's market towards the end of their season. They can tell me exactly what type of garlic it is. Also, because it has been grown locally I am sure that it is good for my planting zone.

Yes this is true .Each area's season is a little different,We plant the beginning of october and harvest about the 3rd week in july.

I use store bought garlic also, it works just fine ;)

This is a wonderful Instuctable!! I just wanted to tell you that I do grow them from store bought garlic. I get medium sized heads... I'll try some real "seed" cloves in the fall in order to compare the results. Thank you for posting :)

Your very welcome

CityGirl6 (author)2013-05-16

I love this. Garlic is a nice one to gift too, everyone uses it.

We actually use the greens, they have a milder flavor but you don't have to dug up the bulbs to use them.

you are correct and there is a bulb that grows on the top of the greens when its almost ready to be harvested

sunshiine (author)2013-05-15

I might give this a try next year. Thanks so much for sharing and do have a splendorous day!

Thank you for the. Comment

I have tried growing garlic but was not very successful! I won't be able to try this until next year though. I will share with you when I do! Happy to follow! Have a splendorous day!

Its fun watching it grow . thank you for following me

sthompson27 (author)2013-05-09

Its also worth giving Elephant Garlic a go, I bought 3 cloves last year and now I have about 20 cloves in the ground this year. Its a bit of a milder garlic taste compared to normal garlic

You are also correct .Funny thing is they say elephant garlic isnt really garlic .Its a member of the leak family .It has a mild taste and is used in cooking through out the world and tastes like garlic and it can be stored longer than any brand of garlic.. Talk about having all the goods and still not be considered garlic....

cre814me (author)2013-05-08

How do you know when it is ready to harvest?

coolbeansbaby68 (author)cre814me2013-05-08

Well if you planted in september then around the middle to the end of July the green stalks will grow what looks to be a tiny garlic bulb at the top of the stalk. At this time cut that off. You can cook with that also .One you cut that tiny bulb off the the stalks will turn brown and start to droop and sag .Then you know its time to harvest them . Then leave the stalk on the bulb and hang it from it for about 2 weeks to dry out .

Also when its time to store your garlic. Use some panty hose .Put a bulb in and tywrap it at the top then put in another bulb and repeat. When you need a bulb just cut below the tywrap and away you go.....

diverjrd (author)2013-05-08

I found a bit of sand helps the soil drain. Garlic hates wet feet

coolbeansbaby68 (author)diverjrd2013-05-08

No they do not like wet feet at all...

kenbob (author)2013-05-08

Thanks for posting. A couple of additional notes. From each harvest save your best cloves to use as seeds. They are the ones that do best in your climate and your soil. AND after harvest leave the greens on and hang the garlic to dry for a couple of weeks - this pulls the remaining moisture and flavor out of the stems and leaves and into the "seeds" .

coolbeansbaby68 (author)kenbob2013-05-08

You are correct Bob,
I will have 90 bulbs total come the end of july. I always save enough to replant this sept. So that means i have to save at least 20 to 25 bulbs for that. I have a another instructable that i am going to make showing something that i do with garlic so stay tuned ....

coolbeansbaby68 (author)2013-05-08

No they do not give off a odor while far as starting them inside i never thought about trying it.they say its harder to grow in the spring and summer time so maybe a good time say the first week in april plant the inside the put them in the ground around the 1st week in may

jdwaynes1980 (author)2013-05-08

I can't wait to start planting garlic now! I have a quick question for you. Do the plants put off a strong garlic smell while growing? I ask because I'm wondering if it is possible to start these plants inside without 'stinking' up the place. Thanks!

RosyRivet (author)2013-05-08

Is the crop one single large bulb, or are there cloves, like shop bought garlic?

Ok you plant 1 clove which is really called a ( Toe) The toe is what grows into the bulb which has many toes which make the bulb like you see in the store.

dr.yechout (author)2013-05-07

What about watering them?

When first planted you need to water them once every day until you see the first stalk rise out of the ground .Once that happens that means the plant is established. After that it finds its own water .

Ironsloth1993 (author)2013-05-07

Most excellent sir. I myself would like to grow garlic.

Its fun waiting to see how big the bulbs get...

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