Step 3: Build Your Fire - Wood

You can't light coal with paper* the wood layer is there for the coal as the paper is there for the wood.
Layer small pieces of wood (kindling) alternately such that you form a "raft". The construction should be a bit like a wooden-pallet, it is there to support the coal and ignite it as it burns. Criss-cross the wood so that it is in some way a structure and cohesive. When your paper is gone you want the wood to hold it's position rather than fall apart.
Choose a mixture of thick and thin. Thin will burn easily and produce heat, thick will sustain your fire and ignite the coal.
As a rough guide, aim for a cross-sectional area of about 1 sq inch maximum, but don't have the majority of your wood thinner than this.

What you see here is a bit more than "enough" - but it lit just fine. Not enough and you risk having to start again.

*maybe a massive amount of paper, stacked really high, someone show me in a video this if it can be done.

Hey, I have managed to light coal with just burning paper, however it is not an easy feat to accomplish. You need a lot of it. I mostly wrapped the coal tightly in layers of paper and put it all on a large paper bag, also atuffedwith paper. Use enough paper, it'll work.
<p>i meant in the bag, not on. Also, to add a side note. You can light coal without either wood or paper. Just use petrol! Lol But seriously, don't use petrol, it doesn't end well... Flames will spit everywhere, and are likely to burn you. I know from experience.</p>
<p>Regarding step 4: What do you mean by the word &quot;durchfall&quot;? It is German for diarrhea.</p>
<p>only thing ive found to work...in my forge...i take the nurnt coke thats clumps of burnt coal off to side i made a sifter on a handle to help with this(basically giant spatula eith large holes in it) i put those to the side clean my stove like you did and then i take the burnt peices and put them in a ring then i put the new coal in center, mix in a few of the hard coke(burnt porus coal) in the center. i put kerosene on all the coal with newspaper in clumps. Light a stick stand few feet away for safety, let oil or keroene or lighter fluid soa (sometimesikk throw in a lil kindle to get a fire but its extra ash...be very careful, throw lit stick in ...let coals catch ang get hot, throw in crucible...good togo lol...</p>
<p>I tried all that and still can not get the coal to light/burn. Been burning wood for years without a problem.</p><p>What else cold I possibly be doing wrong</p>
<p>I have a multi-fuel stove and today I got 50KG of smokeless coal off a neighbor so I decided to use it. It's pretty good in comparison to wood as it's easier to maintain and cheap by the sounds of it.</p><p>Thanks for writing this guide. I dislike the fact I had to give instructables 7 page veiws to comment.</p>
This was very helpful. Thank you for taking the time to explain so fully. I have been very disappointed with my fires up till now (I moved into a 'fireplaced' cottage ten days ago) but now have a huge roaring coal fire.
not sure if it relates since this is different than an enclosed furnace, but after the little kindling I always put in three or four pieces around 3 or 4 inches in diameter, and followed THAT with the coal. that made a nice hot fire which starts the coal very easily.
Three or four pieces around 3 or 4 inches in diameter - of what? You write as if they're not coal.<br> <br> L
sorry, I was speaking of larger chunks of wood, before I put on the coal. I admit though, that I was building it in a furnace, I wanted it hot fast to warm up the house, I wanted it to NOT go out when I put on the coal cause it's harder to build it up again after you have the coal on.<br><br>No one ever taught me though, I just learned it from watching others, so I had no finesse. LOL
I lit my first coal fire today (I prefer wood, but there was only coal, damp, smelly, dirty coal, to hand), it certainly throws out a lot of heat, but if you put too much on, it also throws out a lot of acrid, greeny-yellow smoke, and when you have a mother like mine who insists on just chucking a bucket of coal on the fire, then the whole local area knows you're burning (or at least, steaming) coal!! :S<br> <br> One thing to remember is to not burn wood AND coal together (as in, chucking a shovelful of coal over a burning log, or vice versa), as it can end up creating sulphuric acid which can eat away at mortar and metal in your chimney, so only burn one or the other... :)
If you read it all again, you'll find that I avoid lots of smoke. The very last paragraph for example. Yes, if you put too much on it does go nasty, I know.<br> <br> L
Yeah, I read through it and followed the steps to get it lit properly, and it was very successful with little issue, it was just the afterwards bit where the mother decided to smother the fire with too much coal claiming she's been burning the stuff all her life (bar the past 20-something years when she hasn't actually had a coal fire!!!), parents eh? :P
Oh yes, you can burn something all your life, but still burn it wrong all your life... There was a time when shovelling coal into fires (boiler-fires) was a full-time job for a lot of fellas. They learned of course.<br> <br> L
My extended family all worked in the mines/steel industry in the last century - I&nbsp;was of the impression that coal had gone out of use...<br /> <br /> Crazy!&nbsp;&nbsp;Neat to see its still used.<br />
Oh no, maybe people still burn coal in their central heaters. we had one in several of the houses we've rented over the years. fortunately they had a grate shaker so we could shake the grate well and then add more wood or coal as required. it's a skill, that I'll say. my favorite part was chopping kindling. love using an ax. makes you feel strong.
true true; lots of coal in the developed world is the smokeless coal (or at least reduced emissions from pre-processing)
Mostly out of use, but it's a nice feature in a pub. The old buildings in my area were pretty much exclusively originally-coal-fired.<br /> <a href="http://www.colorantshistory.org/images/Huddersfield_factories_ca_1916_for_web.jpg" rel="nofollow">E.g. 1916</a><br /> <br /> L<br />
nice feature in a pub are you a pub landlord?
No, but I was sat in front of a really super one about an hour ago.<br /> <br /> L<br />
We have a fire like this, Alhough we use wood from are garden instead of coal. It took me about a month of attemps to sucessfully light it although are fire is encloused.. Anyway Nice instructable! I do agree there not easy to light. Oscar
<br> If you get it right they light easily, that was the idea. (and coal isn't so easy)<br> <br> <br> L<br>
How did I not notice this! We have a open fireplace and use it almost daily.<br /> <br /> Profile picture related ;) <br />
A light spritz of vegetable oil on the paper helps with the ignition, especially if it is not the dryest.<br />
a quick shot of that alcohol based hand sanitizer will also work wonders, helping lite the paper and the wood. (then clean your hands from the coaling with the stuff, wipe of with a paper towel and burn that!)<br />
Thanks for the tip.<br /> <br /> L<br />
Make sure to be&nbsp;careful&nbsp;while burning coal, there are some health risks involved! &nbsp;of course though&nbsp;your&nbsp;not burning&nbsp;very&nbsp;much.
I have a side-line in coal-tar, but that needs work. Yes I know health-risks, but your comment is welcome.<br /> <br /> L<br />
Very nice. 5 stars!<br />
&nbsp;cool... im the first one to comment on this ible ,WHOO-HOO
sigh....<br />
.&nbsp; Very good job. My only complaint is that the parts of the video that show how to stir the fire are too dark.<br />
Yes, and it looks like the heads need cleaning. I only found that out on playback later, so I'm thinking about a re-shoot.<br /> <br /> L<br />
and i'm second<br /> <br />

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Bio: I'm an experimentalist, a scientist and I have a tendency to do things just for the sake of doing them, or to find out ... More »
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