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Lighting a fire is only half the battle. The way you build a fire - that is, how you arrange the wood - can affect how long the fire will last and the amount of heat it'll give off during that time. This article will provide an overview of "fire architecture" so you can build the perfect fire for your circumstances.
1. Get an ignition source. The most obvious choice is a lighter or matches
Step 1: Tinder
Gather tinder, which catches the initial spark or flame and transfers it to the kindling. If the kindling is damp or wet, the tinder must burn long enough to dry out the kindling. You can turn dry sticks and pieces of bark into powdery tinder with a knife. You can also use:
dead dry plants and grasses
dry needles from coniferous trees