Introduction: Cold Porcelain Clay Recipe

Picture of Cold Porcelain Clay Recipe

I was wondering about polymer clay substitutes and decided to experiment with homemade air-dry clays.

This recipes is very fast and easy to make, not to mention inexpensive. There's no need to bake either.

The things that can be modelled from cold porcelain clays are incredible. Its possible to sculpt finer details than polymer clays.  Objects dry to a light-weight, stone like texture. Try it and see where your creativity takes you.

Step 1: Ingredients You Need

Picture of Ingredients You Need
This recipe makes one silky smooth, soft cup of cold porcelain clay. Suitable for thin flowers and leaf sculptures.

1 cup cornflour (optional try using rice flour 50:50 mix)
3/4 cup pva (wood) glue
3 drops of eucalyptus or nutmeg oil (for a preservative)
either 1 teaspoon baby oil or 1/2 tsp petroleum jelly (to prevent cracking during drying)
1/4 cup water

(New Recipe! update here, no cracks! How to Make Cold Porcelain Beads)

Step 2: Cook Ingredients

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Ensure there is plenty of ventilation or wear a mask. Take care not to burn PVA as it may be toxic.

This will take only a few of minutes to form into a round mass.

Mix cornflour with water until free of lumps.  Stir in pva glue and oils. Blend until smooth.

Stir on very low heat until the mixture forms first into a sticky glue then a thick ball. (Around 9 minutes)

The texture should be quite sticky.  Once you roll out on a board or sink bench top, everything will come together.  If the texture is rubbery and difficult to mold into thin petals it seems the clay has gone past redemption and is totally unusable and needs to be chucked in the bin.

I experimented with trying to recycle the rubberised mixture and after 72 hours soaking in water it softened and returned to a soft, pulpy mass.

Step 3: Recipe Tips

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 I found out later my mixture made up of half a cup of water resulted in various cracks on thick sculptures but the thin flower sculptures were fine. So I changed my recipe to minimal amount of water and added1/2 teaspoon of vaseline instead to prevent cracks during drying. When you add acrylic/oil paint this will be sufficient liquid to soften the mixture further.

Wearing gloves you then need to knead the warm clay until it is smooth texture as in the video and picture below. I try not to add too much flour (after cooking) as the dough became sticky.

Test the texture of your cold porcelain mixture - you should be able to press its nearly paper thin - great for making leaves and flowers.

* Wrap in cling wrap and store in an air tight container immediately after finishing making the clay to prevent drying out.

* Can keep up to a month. If frozen can be kept indefinitely.

* Do not store in fridge or it will harden too quickly to be used again. Steam to restore hard cold porcelain clay for easier blending with a softer batch.  I noticed less cracks on drying.

* Cooking utensils shouldn't be used for food again for safety.

* The less water you add the less likely your sculpture will crack or shrink. Some recipes are 1:1 with cornflour and glue ratios.


Step 4: Colouring the Cold Porcelain Clay

Picture of Colouring the Cold Porcelain Clay

I used food colouring here.

Later I shall experiments with acrylic and oil paints and varnishing with acrylic gloss mediums.

A cold porcelain clay producer site recommends adding colouring when you need it and storing coloured cold porcelain clay may be detrimental to it. The reason is until a cold porcelain clay sculpture is waterproofed with varnish - once soaked in a bowl of water it will return to the gluey mixture before cooking.

Step 5: Leaf Sculptures & Colouring Techniques

Picture of Leaf Sculptures & Colouring Techniques

Here are some experiments with the hard + soft mix. Next time I'll make a soft batch only for the flowers. I have a penchant for roses!

First I scribbled on a bit of cardboard with some coloured pastels then brushed them onto the flowers.  This technique is great for faces to create subtle makeup effects.

Step 6: Experiments With Hard and Soft Mixtures

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Here is a recent test using one very firm mixture cold porcelain and a softer mixture.

The firm batch was mixed with a soft batch and kneaded thoroughly. Afterwards, the test piece hardened and did not crack.

With the softer batch there was a huge crack where I'd stuck on extra pieces for muscles.

* Knead thoroughly and smooth with a bit of water before use, to ensure there are no cracks. One tiny crack will eventually shrink into a huge crack.

* Cold porcelain clays tend to shrink to 15%-30% in size.

* Its recommended not to sculpt solid thick pieces as they tend to crack. Envelope thinner sheets around an armature eg squashed ball of aluminium foil or wire armatures padded with aluminum foil or other light-weight materials such as styrofoam or cardboard.

Step 7: Fixing Cracks

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* Fixing cracks - dab on a bit of pva glue into crack. Add on a suitable size of cold porcelain clay to fill the crack - I used the soft batch, after a couple hours the large cracks mended perfectly.

* Some recipes recommend using handcream for smoothing and modelling. Then say if more than 2 tablespoons added the mixture may go mouldy. I found that water to smooth joins works well. So I would leave out the handcream.

* During sculpting, keep extra pieces covered to prevent drying out.

* Add a tiny bit of pva and water mix to help smooth joins and additional pieces together

* Small pieces dry in around 8 hours to a floppy texture. Larger pieces may take longer.

* Experiment with wire armatures covered with cloth tape for added strength.

* I found that my thinly rolled flower test pieces cracked less than the sculpted heads I'd formed and addition facial muscle pieces began to crack at the joints. Next time I'll use pva glue to smooth the joins properly.

Step 8: Making Armatures

Picture of Making Armatures

This is a visual tutorial on making hand armatures. 

Using the finest wires possible you can find, wrap them in double-sided sticky tape. I watched the Ardman method of making plasticine characters and they use cloth tape.  I find that double-sided sticky works just as well.

The wires will stick together easily. Roll thin pieces around the wires for the fingers. I used a stick dipped in water for a mini rolling pin to sculpt and mold the clay below.

The pictures are easy to follow.  With the different hardness' of cold porcelain clay there was problems with cracking with the softer clays. I can only conclude that less water is best for a clay mix.

I've also included steps for modelling hands without armatures.

Step 9: What You Can Do With Cold Porcelain Clay

Picture of What You Can Do With Cold Porcelain Clay

I shall put up some examples of my experiments soon. In the meantime here are some lovely examples to enjoy. Notice when the porcelain clays dry there is a glassy appearance.

Rolling Techniques
My next instructable will be about how to make buttons using cold porcelain clay or playdough clay.  The wonderful thing about cold porcelain clay is that it can be rolled very thin and even pulled through a pasta machine while sandwhiched between two pieces of plastic eg. acetate or contact paper might be a good idea.  I'll put up some flower examples that I've been working on soon.

Check out this instructable for drawing and modelling tips which will help greatly with creativity.

I love the downloadable e-books, (several free) about flower making using cold porcelain clay videos from the Thai Flower Art company which produces gorgeous artificial flowers.  Clear high quality videos available showing how to make leaves and flowers. Also how to colour your cold porcelain clay tips. A great resource.


BrittF5 (author)2016-08-06

looks like fun :D

Jim Davidson (author)2014-04-25

Why on earth would you want to cook this? My guess...too much liquid. At the Studio we use what we call "CFC". (cold fusion clay) 1/2 cup PVA, 1 cup cornflour (corn starch) 1 tbs+ Boiled linseed oil, and 1 tsp salt. Mix to desired consistency adding water via a spray bottle or to thicken, a little more cornflour. This stuff air dries in 24 hours depending on the thickness or sooner in an oven a around 100-125 degrees in a couple of hours...again thickness is a factor. We don't have any problems with cracking. Add moist toilet paper, shredded and soaked brown paper bags and even chopped fiber glass insulation for strength, never poses a problem. These extra components are mixed in with a Kitchen Aid Stand Mixer with the paddle attachment. Just a bit or positive assistant to make your artistic quest a reality...

mamaRoxc (author)Jim Davidson2014-06-09

Thank you so much for telling us how to do (basically) the same thing, sans cooking. I have absolutely no plans to put toxic fumes in the air with my two children at home. I appreciate your input!

AdrianaP4 (author)mamaRoxc2016-08-02

Hi, could you tell me if you need to varnish this when your piece is completed, so as to make it durable?

Many thanks,


Gomi Romi (author)AdrianaP42016-08-05

I've found CPC is Durable when dry but not waterproof, pieces left in sun on window seal are extremely rocky hard, five years later

DEBRAP10 (author)mamaRoxc2015-10-27

Anddddd.............its the same thing that is in the glue you are using.

DEBRAP10 (author)mamaRoxc2015-10-27

Bet his makes better clay though

ThisIsMyNameOK (author)mamaRoxc2014-09-27

You can easily make cold porcelain without cooking. But there are no toxic fumes to worry about as far as I know, unless heating the white glue somehow makes it toxic.

For a simple, easy cold porcelain you can make with your kids, try this recipe:

1 cup cornstarch

1 cup school glue

2 tbs white vinegar

About 1 tsp Nivea hand cream

Mix together well and knead until smooth and elastic, adding more starch or glue if necessary. Wrap it tightly and store in an airtight container. You can add a little white tempera paint or Wilton White White to it if you like, to give it a white colour when it dries. Otherwise, it will be translucent and kind of yellowish if left uncoloured.

I forgot to mention, the school glue is not as strong as the wood glue, so your clay will be much softer and may not hold it's shape very well. At least, that was my experience. Good enough for simple projects, but not for larger or more intricate ones.

Oops, I forgot an ingredient too: 2 Tbs baby oil (or cooking oil)

DEBRAP10 (author)Jim Davidson2015-10-27

Finally someone who knows what they are doing, thanks.

KevynL (author)Jim Davidson2015-03-29

From what I see the main difference is how these two products set. The cooking sets this recipes or at least allows it to do so in the air. Your recipes needs the boiled linseed oil to do the same. I would be cautious about using your recipe because it has boiled linseed oil in it. When linseed oil is "boiled" what is being done is catalysts are being added to make it cure faster. These catalysts typically are heavy metals that can be toxic. That is why cutting boards are usually done with unboiled linseed oil if they use linseed oil at all. It takes weeks to cure but it is food safe.

selve1 (author)Jim Davidson2014-11-27

Hi, can you please tell me whats PVA. i m from India.

TreasaR (author)selve12015-01-14

Hi Selve! - PVA is like fevicol what you usually use for all arts & crafts work in India.

Jim Davidson (author)selve12014-11-28

PVA is the common abbreviation for Polyvinyl Acetate. It's the principle component in White Glue, Carpenters Glue, School Glue, PVA Glue, Wallpaper Adhesive...even used as Envelope Adhesive. Hope this is helpful,

selve1 (author)Jim Davidson2014-12-02


I have tried both cooked and uncooked cold porcelain. I found the cooking produced a much stronger clay that was easier to work with and held its shape well. This method is preferred by many well known CP artists, such as Marisol Romero.

What you describe seems to be something quite different, as there is no glue in it and it can be dried in the oven (not generally recommended for CP). I have never tried adding paper or any other fibre to CP, and I have never seen it done in all the tutorials I have read. I'm not sure, but I don't think it would work very well. It is also not necessary. It's plenty strong enough on it's own.

KathrinG (author)2016-07-04

Hello ,

My name is kathrin and i'm new using cold porcelain.

How do you prevent cracks on cold porcelain? do you use any oils or such to have cleaner looking figurines while working on your figurine?

would like to get some info which i can't manage to find really.

Gomi Romi (author)KathrinG2016-07-06

Hi Kathrin,
One of the commentators on my instructable recommends using more glycerine and less water. I would experiment with lecithin granules which are able to meld water and oil molecules better. I'll experiment myself and get back to with the results. : )

mholmes11 (author)2016-04-14

What abiut unflavird gellatain

CeciliaS11 (author)2016-02-06

Hi there, not sure if this is an old thread or what but I just tried making something with it, and it seems to be 'puffy' when I try to make impressions in it. Anyone have any ideas why?

BrittanyW6 (author)2015-09-06

I accidently let it cook a bit long so i cut it into inch squares and tossed it into water i heated in microwave for 3 minutes. I just let it in the water a few seconds and then kneaded it. Perfect consistancy now. I keep it wrapped in plastic in an airtight container with a damp paper towel. Under the securely wrapped cold porcelain.The pieces on the red lid are test pieces. Im making tiny calico critter food for my daughter. If we cant find eucalyptus or nutmeg oil what is recommended?

Gomi Romi (author)BrittanyW62015-09-06

You might like to try olive oil or glycerin as someone recommended use hardly any water and mostly glycerin for less cracking

JacquelineC4 (author)2015-06-16

Is it possible to make this with homemade glue? We don't have Elmers glue in South Africa ._.
Thanks in advance! :D

annelizevn (author)JacquelineC42015-09-01

Hi, have you tried home made glue?

Gomi Romi (author)JacquelineC42015-06-16

I guess you could use homemade glue. Depending what is in the homemade glue. Is there some kind of resin? I saw you could make your own glue by melting polystyrene foam with acetone. Then you'd probably need gloves to roll your clay. I'm experimenting with a new recipe that's close to polymer clay soon. ps Do you have mineral oil like baby oil?

SonyaC2 (author)2015-06-22

SonyaC2 (author)SonyaC22015-06-22

can i engrave on this after it cures?

Gomi Romi (author)SonyaC22015-06-24

I painted nail polish and tried drilling holes to make buttons, however the pieces cracked in two. Its probably better to engrave before it dries. You might like to check out silicone caulk mold making using silicone and cornstarch and baby (mineral) oil. This can create sharp imprinted replicas

melanie.maguire1 (author)2015-04-08

Thanks so much for this. I'm wondering whether I can substitute talcum powder for cornflour/starch? Or does the cornflour take part in the gluey/bonding process? Does the mixture need to be heated or will it work just mixing up cold? Thanks everyone.

Your welcome! I think talc would work also. There seem to be many videos of this. I think heating is best or using boiling water then cold to quickly cool it down.

Thanks Gomi, it turned out that I had some cornflour in the cupboard after all. I used the microwave method and added a couple of drops of glycerine, half a teaspoon of citric acid (instead of 2 tbsp of vinegar - I can't stand the smell), and some lavender essential oil just for fun! It's resting in the fridge right now and I haven't actually got round to making anything with it so I'll let you know how it turned out.

GenevieveT (author)2015-03-17

Good day. i'm about to make an accessory made of cold porcelain, will irritate my skin or not??? thanks for the reply.

Gomi Romi (author)GenevieveT2015-03-19

It may be irritable if you are allergic or have sensitive skin. However if you enclose it with some other material it may be ok. The final material is very smooth and solid, but if it has cracks, it can be rough and irritating.

santa.barbosa (author)2014-11-20

Romi? Do you think this would work for sculptures, ie: dolphins, wolves... etc.

Gomi Romi (author)santa.barbosa2014-11-20

Maybe? I think ultimate papermache recipe is better. She does all these kinds of sculptures and they look awesome

KuhAngeles (author)2014-07-18

Would I be able to make something using this recipe that will withstand longterm water submersion that is safe for living things? Like a decorative ornament to go inside a glass flower vase?

Cold Porcelain, to my knowledge, cannot be made waterproof. But I haven't tested this yet. Regardless of what you use it for, it must be coated with something to seal it.

aycaweerakoon (author)2012-07-24

Superb reciepe. Can I use this for sugar flowers or to cover a dummy?

Gomi Romi (author)aycaweerakoon2012-07-26

Sure, except its not edible.

I wish cucaraches could read this. They ate one of my figures :(

LOL I don't think the cucaraches would care even if they could read this. But at least they have good taste. ;)

I have never had anything eat my CP, but the mice stole my papier mâché creations once while I was waiting for them to dry. Not sure if they ate them or used them to line their nests or just took them for the fun of it.

mamaRoxc (author)2014-06-09

I'd like to try this, but I am really not too fond of putting toxic air in my home.. ✮ I have two children, and toxic fumes or smoke is not a welcome visitor
.. ✮ I will have to try this [at someone else's house?] because I really like the idea of making my own air-dry clay. Thanks for the tutorial!

H82BU (author)mamaRoxc2014-08-18

Lol! Wood Glue (Unless are are buying industrial strength or something) and Elmer's glue are pretty much the same thing and are Non-toxic they are even both found in kids school supply section at walmart! Pre-schools let children glue sticks together with wood/ elmer's glue! (They even say "Non Toxic ) on the bottle! Also if you have ever tried to compare different ways to make this clay there is a no cooking version also and a microwavable one too! Also even most homemade playdoughs have some kind of glue in them! ;) Also being safe and non toxic, 90% of cookware sold nowadays "pans with this special coating" (Teflon is the best-known version) Many of these are fluorine-containing compounds, which as a class are generally toxic.” But fluoropolymers, the chemicals from which these toxic compounds come, are a big part of the coating formula — and the very reason that foods don’t stick to nonstick. Also did you know that fluoride that is in drinking water and toothpaste was invented by a nazi scientist in the 1930's and the non-organic sodium fluoride used in fluoridating water is instant poison you and was first used to change the behavior and kill people! So im sure you probably don't drink tap water but i'm sure your children take a bath and swim it.. should research that! All I am saying is harmless school glue is the least of worries now days and i'm pretty sure the air your children breathe in FL when they are outside playing is 100's of times more toxic than this recipe..( Criteria air pollutants include the six most common air pollutants in the U.S.: carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, particulate matter, and sulfur dioxide) Thank You for the recipe i am sure my kids will enjoy making and playing with the clay! :D...

PS: Mod Podge is just a jacked up version of school glue and wood glue mixed! :)

mamaRoxc (author)H82BU2014-08-18

I just saw your comment about "wearing a mask and using a well ventilated area", so that's why I said this lol
Thank you for your long drawn out history lesson! My husband is a History Professor, and I am very happy you know your history of the Nazis!

ThisIsMyNameOK (author)mamaRoxc2014-09-27

No masks or ventilation should be necessary when making cold porcelain. It is non toxic. Recipes do vary widely though and some may have ingredients that you do have to be careful with.

twestbrook1 (author)2013-09-06

Would olive/vegetable oil be a working substitute for baby oil and tacky glue for wood glue? Does this dry light weight, able to use for a mask? Thanks! Also if anyone could recommend other recipe, it would be appreciated!

Gomi Romi (author)twestbrook12013-09-07

Yes! the ultimatepaper mache lady uses linseed oil.

miniaturemaker (author)2013-03-30

Looks like some very nice work! Do you happen to know what temperature it can withstand? For example, can you put it in an oven at 350 F and expect the air dry clay to not deform? I am trying to find a way to create a moderately permanent mold at room temperature that can withstand pvc plastic melting into it and create mini figures from the pvc in this way.

Gomi Romi (author)miniaturemaker2013-03-30

Hi, actually this is an unfired recipe and dries over several days. its easy to crack but if you use more glycerin that water it will not crack as much. personally, i wouldn't fire this because of the fumes from the glue. its just so durable to make beads and small sculptures. i think you can make great molds from paper clay, which unfired is quite durable. i haven't tried it but have seen it done before. (search for unfired clay hump molds)

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