Introduction: How to Make a Telescope

Picture of How to Make a Telescope

I have always wanted to observe the stars, but the equipment was pretty expensive.Have you been fascinated by the stars in the sky?Did you want to get closer to them?Did you ever want a telescope but it was too expensive?
Well here's your answer to all these questions:-How to make a telescope!!!

Step 1: Parts

These are the essential parts and tools needed
1.2 lenses
2.Hot glue gun
3.Thick Black Paper
4.Black Tape (any kind)

Step 2: Lenses

Picture of Lenses

Buy two magnifying glasses.the first should have a large diameter and less magnifying power(2X,or 3X).The second should have small diameter and large magnifying power(6X or 8X ,the larger the better).

Break the magnifing glasses to obtain the lenses.Break the magnifing glass carefully ,I broke a lens like this .

Step 3: Setup

Picture of Setup

Roll the black paper to form 2 tubes ,the first should fit the larger lens and the second should be able to slide inside the first one.
Now the sum of the lengths of your 2 tubes should be more than the sum of their focal lengths.To figure out their focal lengths solve this equation-  

Focal Length(cm)=                25                 
                                       Magnifying power                                 

*Magnifing power(2X,8X,etc.)

Step 4: Attaching the Lenses

Picture of Attaching the Lenses

Hot glue the lenses on to their corresponding tubes.Make sure the two tubes slide into each other (refer to pic).This is the most crucial step in the entire instructable.
TIP -While hot glueing make sure not much of the glue falls on the lens.This ruins the lens.

Step 5: Enjoy

Picture of Enjoy

The image formed at small distances will be inverted.But for Astronomy it doesnt really matter whether the planet is upside down or not.This same design was used by Galileo until be built his own design which made upright view.
To calculate the magnifing power of the telescope:-
M=     focal length of front lens      
        focal length of second lens


chandrahas aroori (author)2012-11-20

I ended up with a magnification of 3.Remember this is angular magnification so if initial angle of observation is 30 degrees it will become 90 degrees

amandaghassaei (author)2012-11-19

cool, what kind of magnification did you end up with?

Meera.Trivedi (author)2016-10-28

Can you please tell me does the type of lens matters. I mean convex or concave or ...................

I have mostly focal length within 10

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-05

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

alexc245 (author)AkhilKulkarni872016-08-04

você e chato eim garoto!

alexc245 (author)2016-08-04

very good!

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-17

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-05

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-05

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-05

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-05

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

AkhilKulkarni87 (author)2016-04-05

What if i use 4x instead of 3x?

RhayM1 (author)2015-09-27

We're about to do this I hope we can make it for our science proj. btw, thanks for the info. :)

ShiromuraR (author)2015-03-31

thank you so much!!! I made this for my science project~

Emma Hunt (author)2015-02-01

how to beak the magnifying glass to obtain the lens? i can't see the photo here...

pabdullah (author)2015-02-01

how to break the magnifying glass to obtain the lens?

sonakshi sharma (author)2013-10-15

hey...m nt gettng how to fix the lenses...?

Well I used glue

• The Inventor • (author)2014-06-21

Very great project, I have one question, my lenses have no indication of magnifying power x, can I say that the focal length of the lens is the distance from the lens to the image of the sun? That small hot spot of the sun by the lens.

Aditya M (author)2014-03-04

vry cool

azharz (author)2013-02-01

Very nice!

mathiemom (author)2013-01-26

I love the simplicity of this project! Help me understand what a magification of 3 will allow me to see. Can I use this to see the stars, planets, meteorites etc.?

Well you can see the moon and planets.

About This Instructable




Bio: I am 18 years old and love to hack and fix stuff.
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