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How to make a magnetic stirrer that doesn't cost like a professional one

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I needed a magnetic stirrer for my chemistry lab so I made a cheap one that looks almost like a professional one, but doesn't cost very much.
It is made from recycled parts from an old CD-ROM, a printer motor and things from an old CRT screen board (like resistor).
       The things you need:
   - a CD-ROM metalic case (or what case you want)
   - a piece of aluminium sheet
   - 10 screws (3 mm diameter)
   - 6 screw nuts (for 3 mm screws)
   - 2 circular magnets (1 cm thick, 1-1.3 cm diameter)
   - a 5.5 cm circular aluminium sheet
   - a little passive heatsink (optional)
   - a printer motor (almost any motor could be used )
   - 1 little screw for motor
   - a LM317 chip
   - one 0.1 uF capacitor
   - one 10 uF capacitor
   - one 5K potentiometer
   - one 240 ohm resistor
   - a universal board for electronics (4 cm width x 2 cm lenght)
   - a 12 V AC power supply
    -a knob
 
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Step 1: Step 1

Picture of Step 1
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Let's begin!!!
Firstly let's drill some holes.
Drill the small holes with a 3mm drill bit, the big one I drill with a 10 mm drill bit and the smallest with 2.5 mm drill bit.

Images have indications about lenght and width, so don't miss them,

Step 3: Step 3

Here are the magnets and their support.
Drill through the center of circular aluminium sheet.
I used a plastic support for more stability.

Step 4: Step 4 - Assembling

Picture of Step 4 - Assembling
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Step 5: Step 5

And there is it. It's done and assembled.
Hope this tutorial was useful for you.
You can use it for stir almost everything.
As stirring bar you can use a magnetic bar from CD-ROM or you can buy a coated one that not reacts with other materials, even neither with acids.
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i am not being a downer, but, that magnet rotating under the aluminium plate produces eddy currents, and thus puts off a lot energy as heat i suppose... (much like an induction cooker).. if u substitute the aluminium plate with something else, it would be much more efficient...
andreyeurope (author)  asirajudeen1 year ago
It is just a prototype. I mean it was. You can see in my projects the 2S magnetic stirrer.
Thetis1 year ago
Very nice - I've been wanting one of these for ages. However, for maximum use, you need to build one with a thermostatically controlled hot plate as well!
andreyeurope (author)  Thetis1 year ago
If you tell me how to make the hot plate, I'll do it.
fretted1 year ago
How would it work for mixing epoxies or small amounts of hardening liquids ? it looks good and the "Ible" quite good !
Use some thick wire, bend it into a 'T' shape, chuck it into a power drill. Cheap, disposable, high-torque mixer for thick fluids. I use it to mix epoxies and silicones.
Thanks i welded a small one together for that i was wanting something to mix without creating to many bubbles in the clear or colored resin i thought maybe a stronger magnet would do the trick with a variable speed motor and a snake egg magnet might work i still maytry it just to experiment with it

Thanks again
Fretted
elabz fretted1 year ago
Are you trying to mix *both* components of epoxy together or adding , say, a color to one? People call many different things "epoxy", so I guess we'd need to be clear. If you're mixing color, I can see why you would need a mixer like this magnetic one or simpler ones that were offered here but if you are mixing the epoxy with the hardener, they don't need that kind of thorough mixing - they are combining at the molecular level and they are not mixing in the general sense. In other words, no reason to mechanically "mix" them together as such - all you need usually is a couple of stirs with a disposable wooden stick and the hardening process starts by itself (talking about liquid epoxy resins - more viscous epoxies may need more help in bringing components together but still nothing so thorough as a high-speed mechanic mixer ).

As far as bubbles, magnetic mixing does not preclude bubbles - if you spin fast enough, there will be a vortex and it'll create plenty of bubbles. You need to either vacuum your resin if it's a longer hardening one (20+ min) or exact opposite - cast under 60-70psi pressure if it's a fast curing one to simply suppress the bubbles and keep them very small.

If you're going for a completely crystal clear bubble-free transparent look, using a long-curing resin and vacuuming it while it's hardening is the only way to achieve this that I know of.
Yes, you DO need thorough mechanical mixing. You want a homogeneous mixture of the epoxy, catalyst, and crosslinker molecules in order to build chain length and maximize structural integrity. It varies between manufacturers and recipes , but typically, Part A contains expoxy resin (Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether) and a short chain polyurethane polymer, and Part B contains polyfunctionalized amines/thiols (crosslinkers), functionalized polyamide resin, and expoxy catalyst. The epoxy needs to "run into" the crosslinker and the polymer molecules in order to react with them, and you can't get that unless you have thorough mechanical mixing. If you partially mix (and end up with "swirls") instead of fully mixing, what happens is you get polymerization at the interfaces (i.e. curing), which prevents further molecular migration. So what you are left is uncured Part A (a liquid) and uncured Part B (a liquid), trapped in a matrix of solidified resin. I've worked a lot with Bondo and I get this all the time if I portion my catalyst wrong, it ends up more rubbery than solid. While it may feel solidified, its structural integrity will only be a fraction of that if you mixed to homogeneity, or as close as you can get. Always mix 2-part systems thoroughly.
fretted elabz1 year ago
I mix clear casting resins for some things and add colors as well i mix a-lot of small amounts of fiberglass resins i now i could never mix gelcoat with it they are way to thick but it would be nice to have the resin for fiberglass already spinning before i dropped in the catylists it would cut down on the expense of stir utensils for one thing sometimes i use resin for a sealer on wood thats going to be exposed to water i've done several outside tables with straight resin with no fiberglass and they have been outside for years with no problems but not having to deal with air bubbles would be a treat .....
Selden fretted1 year ago
Every epoxy that I have ever used is too viscous for a magnetic stirrer. They excel at things like blending flour or cornstarch with water for cooking.
though I know for sure that Araldite goes VERY runny when you warm it up - but the setting time seems to reduce in some sort of proportion to the temperature.
Mmmm Nope....

BIG motor, high torque, low speed.
andreyeurope (author)  fretted1 year ago
I don't try mixing hardening liquids, but I think at maximum speed it can mix epoxies too.
Make a magnetic stirrer, try mixing hardening liquids and then tell me if it can't mix or not.
I think it can work without 12 V AC power supply too, so the speed will increase and also the power.
it wouldnt work very well for hardening liquids.

one, they are very viscious liquids, and would never achieve enough speed to thoroughly mix the two parts.

and two, you'd need to be sure to remove the stirrer fairly quick, otherwise it'll glue it to the cup.
andreyeurope (author)  jproffer1 year ago
Did you try to mix epoxies with it ?
Udon1 year ago
I really like it. Its so simple to make, but the pictures and explanations are clear also. I must start keeping my eye out for parts at the scrapyard...
evildrake1 year ago
As a chemical engineer i work often with these plates, and they deteriorate fast, specially the cheaper ones. Yours doesn't look profesional, choice of materials and a little unpolished compared to the real ones. However, seing your build, i am quite sure this one would take my abuse better than any affordable one. (for my homebrewing setup). Props for the good work mate, and thank you for the idea.
Evildrake, for a good homebrew stir plate, you could use the same circuit, but skip the motor and crudely made flywheel. Instead pick up a muffin fan, and simply glue a couple of rare earth disk magnets to the blades 180 degrees apart. The very first one of these I made using a muffin fan stirs BIG starters (I use a 5L Ehrlenmeyer), been working great for 5 years.
My compliments to the author for getting a good idea described so well!

Brewgyver- Your muffin fan sounds pretty and simple. Could you post a photo of it, or maybe even an 'ible for us to enjoy and appreciate?  Please?  :)
In the UK Poundland sell a laptop stand including a brushless motor with blue LEDs for just £1. USB (5V) power. Just add a support and a couple of magnets on the blades. But maybe the magnets will stop the motor working.
The magnets won't stop the motor. I've made several of these. The hard part is getting the magnets close enough to the bottom of the vessel you're stirring.
Excellent. Just needs a simple housing. Just a flat aluminium or GRP plate mounted on two rectangular wooden or MDF end plates should do it.
Edgar1 year ago
Yes, and looks like it can be used for a lot of stuff, without much angst over damaging a very expensive piece of equipment. Gone to the Blog:
http://faz-voce-mesmo.blogspot.pt/2012/11/back-solve-calculos-de-engenharia.html
brettj11 year ago
A great idea simple design but no real description or explanation on how or why things have been done Some people go too far with endless unnecessary detail but in your case you need to give more than just pictures & a list of components
andreyeurope (author)  brettj11 year ago
I will make one in the near future.
memblknerd1 year ago
Great Job!!! Will definitely create a much larger version of this....THX!!
agis681 year ago
really neat. Good execution. I builded mine Vortex macchine some months ago. I own a siize series of the original white magnets they use in labs (from previus carrier as biologist researcher). And i builded following all the standards for these kind of machines. I used a tapeplayer DC motor and an rpm control circuit of PWM with H bridge.
JayGeeBSE1 year ago
ALL of it could have been nicer!
gn0stik1 year ago
Interesting. I have used a very similar circuit to drive a laser diode, also scavenged from a CD/DVD burner.

A note to others who read this: this circuit should not be used to drive a bare laser diode! Laser diodes are current controlled devices that are non-linear and this circuit is a voltage regulator. In other words, it is near impossible to drive a laser diode with only this circuit without risking blowing it up (laser diode current shoots up to insane amounts with a very small change in voltage). If you want to use this circuit, be sure to add a current limiting resistor like you do for LEDs, otherwise I suggest another circuit that is current regulating (have a look at Dan's high power LED driver instructables for dirt simple and cheap ones).

Some here might reply that it worked for them, well good for them. They most likely used a laser diode module that has current regulation integrated (some look just like a plain laser diode). I dont know if the diodes in CD/DVD burners are usually packed in a module or not.
*SIMILAR* jeesh.
Apologies if it came across as an attack to your comment, I simply wanted to warn the less informed instructibles users away from a mistake that could leave them without a precious laser diode. I do agree, some circuits similar but not identical to this one (as in some of Dan's circuits I mentioned in my post) can be good basic laser diode drivers.
minimax1 year ago
Bravo Andrei! Arată cvasiprofesional! Este mai puțin important însă dacă arată sau nu profesional, ci dacă FUNCȚIONEAZĂ! Și chiar funcționează, l-am văzut!

Ai grijă cu virgula zecimală - pt. americani ar trebui să folosești punctul zecimal.

Bara magnetică NU este de la un CD-ROM - a fost alcătuită din magneți-disc recuperați dintr-un joc magnetic.

Oricum, good job!

Urmează senzorul 3D?

Whatdidju say? Please, English, if you want the author to understand.
andreyeurope (author)  minimax1 year ago
Vedem.
Attractive idea!!! But your instructions leave a lot to be desired, Sorry but they do. I only say this because you have a great idea, and probably have others. And your ideas deserve a more easily understood instructable. It might not matter, but where do the drilled holes go? Any suggestions as to how to bend the aluminum? Does the stirrer have to be magnetic too, or would any ferric metal do?
Thanks again for a GREAT idea, And yes, it looks professional.
Selden1 year ago
I have used a homebrew magnetic stirrer for years, but missing from your parts list is the stirrer magnet. I happen to have a couple of plastic-coated magnets, but lacking that part, where would a person find stirrer magnets?
evileddead1 year ago
Professional looking? No
Robust and sturdy, not to mention reuse of materials? Very much so, Yes.

Keep up the work!
andreyeurope (author)  evileddead1 year ago
It's only the first version. Maybe next year I will design one more better that it.
By the way, chemical engineer is one of my choices for the future.
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