This Instructable will go the through the process of making a tobacco pipe ;-). Making a pipe is a simple process that takes an average time of 2 to 3 hours (assuming no major mistakes).
Materials you will need :
A good hardwood stick 1" in diameter - I used peach wood because of availability
A drill and selection of bits - I used a 1/8th inch bit and the largest bit (maybe 1/2 inch)
Propane torch or other source of high temp fire - for fire hardening / charring
Sand Paper in varying grades
Knife - Preferably a good carving knife
Wood Saw - (guess what this is for)
Mineral Oil or similar - For waterproofing and making it shiny :-)
Optional but suggested
Grinding block or similar - Rough shape adjustments
Dremel tool - Bowl shape adjustments
Thin steel rod - 3 mm square on the end
Steel wool - For making it even more shiny
Honey - For coating inside of bowl
Ashes - Used with honey bowl to fireproof
Step 1: Get a Good Stick
For my pipe I chose peach wood because it is easy to work with and already lying in my back yard.
Look for a reasonably fresh stick just over an inch in diameter and without any knots. Your pipe's length is limited by your drill bit's length however while wood can be trimmed down it can't be trimmed up. As such I suggest you cut your stick around an inch longer than you plan for it to be.
Step 2: Remove the Bark
This step is fairly self explanatory . Carve the bark off of your wood using your knife and start to create the beginning of an oval shape (more narrow on top and bottom of the bowl to be).
Step 3: Get the Shape
The finished pipe is a piece of art and this is the stage at which yours will start to take it's shape. You should decide which side of your pipe will be the mouth piece and make it more narrow. The final product should be around a centimeter tall and two centimeters wide in the mouth. On the bowl end the pipe should be just slightly more wide than tall.
Step 4: Measure the Future Bowl's Location
You will measure out your bowl's location as 1/8th inch farther than your drill bit reaches lengthwise from the mouth piece if you have a steel rod. If not then the bowl should be just under the distance the drill bit reaches (this method has the limitation of drill bit creating too large a hole).
Pencil in where you plan for the bowl to be and later where the excess wood should be sawed off.
Step 5: Drilling the Bowl
This is the 2nd most difficult step of the process. . You must carefully drill the bowl. Remember - too little drilling can be fixed while too much means you get to start over. The bottom of the bowl should be about 9 mm from the bottom of the pipe.
Step 6: Drilling the Pipe
The pipe should be drilled so that it begins at the mouth and ends just before the bottom right corner of the bowl. (note that sawdust should be removed often during drilling to avoid inaccuracy.)
This is the hardest step because of the required precision. Slow and steady wins here. If you mess up this instructable it will be on this step.
Once you have drilled so that there is about 4 mm left before the bowl take your steel rod and put it into the pipe small end first. Once this is done turn the pipe steel rod down and ram it. If you drilled correctly and the metal emerged in the right spot then you are home free. If not then use your creativity to try to salvage what you have. Good luck.
You can also take a very small drill bit and try to drill from the bowl to the end of the pipe but this requires knowing where your drill bit ended up. All in all a better option if you can pull it off.
Step 7: Dremel Out Your Bowl Details
You want the front end of the bowl sloping at around a 125 degree angle from horizontal while the back should be nearly vertical : \_|----. The bowl itself should be fairly large but I leave the choice to you.
Nothing to it but to do it.
Don't go to fast or your wood will start to burn a bit (But it doesn't matter).
Step 8: Cut Off the Extra Wood
I suggest using a saw...
Step 9: Grind and Sand It Into Shape
I used the grinding block. You can use rough sand paper if that is all that's available. Grind off the imperfections and give the bowl a slightly sloping shape that is just a bit lower in the middle.
After this is done use around 150 grit sandpaper , then 300 grit. Your pipe is almost finished now.
Step 10: Drill the Carb Holes
Do it at the right angle , look at how you plan on holding the pipe and where a carb hole would be most convenient. One hole will suffice but I chose two for supreme airflow control.
Step 11: Torch It.
Go outside with your torch and blacken the entire surface on a very low flame using a slow sweeping motion. Don't actually start to burn the wood. This step should be done very lightly.
Step 12: More Sanding
Use 200 grit sand paper to sand off the charred outer layer then when most of the black has been removed trade up to 400 grit sand paper. Put your pipe under running water , after that pat it dry and sand it again for a while longer. Your pipe should be quite smooth now. After this is done you could find some steel wool to make it even more smooth and later shiny.
Step 13: Oil Your Pipe
I used mineral oil but you can use vegetable oil or similar if you prefer. Pour some onto a folded paper towel and rub it into the wood (except for bowl). Your pipe is now quite shiny. Alternate a dry paper towel and a oily one until satisfied.
Step 14: Fireproof Your Bowl.
Fireproofing is quite easy. Take a tiny piece of paper towel and dip it in honey. It should then fit snugly into the bowl where the honey will rub off.
Take the honey'd bowl and push it into some ashes tightly. Knock the ashes out of it and wipe the ashes on the surrounding surface but not in the bowl.
Step 15: Smoke Your "tobacco"
You're done! Now go break it in.