Nowadays, many of 3D modeling software such as Rebit and Google Sketch Up make our design process not only faster and easier, but also accomplish some complicated works. Using a lazer cutter may create perfect edges and curves, and it makes model look neat and exact. However, if you are beginner, instructors might tell you not to use 3D software and lazer cutter but by handwork. This is an entrance ticket for anyone who step into the design world, because everyone needs to practice model making by using both brain and hand at the same time.
This instruct-able guide provides basic knowledge of handwork architectural model making throughout the each step. From tools to material choice, and all the tips I've learnt from many designers and instructors are included. After you read this, you will understand how is the each process going, and it is also a very helpful manual for you to review basic matters.
In this project, there are some tools that may cause danger if people are not using them correctly; therefore, children and teenagers are not allow to do this along. At the same time, adults will also need to be aware of the dangers are included.
Model making will test you three things:
Step 1: Get Your Idea
Before you start making model, there is something to do. Get your idea; this is your start line. You need to know what you want to make and where do you find your sources to develop an idea. From internet? TV? Or outside of the world? Maybe create a subject first, and then give yourself a few options to choose. Narrow down your selections is always helpful method to find idea.
Step 2: To Be Prepared
Now you need to prepare all your tools and materials. Without the right tools, it just makes your work harder. These are the recommended basic tools and model materials. You may buy them from either online or art store.
- Architectural Scale (Define your model scale and calculate dimensions.)
- 6’’, 12’’, and 18’’ rulers (Depending on the size of model.)
- Triangular Rule (Plan and section drawing, glue vertically, etc.)
- Sharp Pencil (Using for make marks and any draft drawing. Size 2B is recommended.)
- Double-side Marker: Fine and Ultra-fine (Useful when you draw plan and section.)
- Micron 01, 03, and 08 (Different line weight for drawing.)
- Thick Marker (Hard line weight in drawing such as wall and columns.)
- X-acto Knife (Useful when cut detailed and small pieces of model parts.)
- Utility Knife (Useful when cut relatively large and thick pieces of model parts.)
- Ciser (Rough cut only.)
- OLFA or ALVIN Cutting Mat (Anti-skidding and be able to protect table from cutting knives.)
- Rubber Cement (Good glue for stick paper and paper)
- Quick Dry Tacky Glue (Good at most of paper and some wood materials.)
- Glue Gun (Extremely quick dry glue with high temperature injector.)
- Stickers or Tape (Using for fasten the drawing paper on table.)
- Thin Black and White Foam Board (Beginner's main building materials)
- Thick Black and White Foam Board (Mainly use for basement or landscape of your model.)
- Chip Board (Brown hard paper)
- Thin Plywood (Need to be able to cut.)
- Clear Sheet Print (Pretend as glass.)
Step 3: Be Careful of Your Tool
Bandages and some basic disinfectants are needed when temporary accident happens.
Step 4: Select a Scale of Your Model
Step 5: Floor Plan and Section Cut Drawing
In this step, you will need to draw your model’s floor plan and section cut drawing. The main goal in here is to define the size of each piece from your model. Choose a scale from architectural scale and draw basic plan view on piece of paper or tracing paper. Be sure that use your pencil to draw several draft first and write down dimensions. From height to width, thickness and angle, all of them need to be calculated. This is the time to test your concentration. It is always helpful if you write down the number of pieces you need and divide big space into a few small groups.
Step 6: Add Dimensions to Your Drawing
Step 7: Cut and Glue Each Pieces
While you glue two pieces together, I suggest you to use triangular or square ruler helping your corner exactly 90 degrees. You may also use corner of the ruler to clean some overflowed glue on your model.
After finish making your pieces, try to put your pieces on floor plan drawing and check if they are matching. Review each of your step is very important to your progressing.
Step 8: Build Your Interiors and Structural Model Separately
Step 9: Add Colors and Textures to Finishing Your Model
In the end, again, model making will test your concentration and patience a lot. Making model is not a hard thing, but making a good model is always a challenge to every model makers. However, interactive practices may bring many helps to you for sure.