Instructables
Picture of Make your own Camouflage
For one of my subjects at school, I had to find a client with a need, and meet that need. My animal-nut friend asked me to make his an item of clothing that would allow him to observe his favorite animals in the wild, without being spotted (by the animals presumably, because secretive animal watching is well.. odd)

There are plenty of 'ibles out about camouflaging things, usually paintball guns etc, and there are a couple of ones about ghillie suits.
What happens if you, like me want to make some wearable camouflage that isn't a ghillie suit, or some of the usual army surplus?

Hopefully this Instuctable will give you enough info for you to start designing you own camouflage


This Instructable is a work in progress, as I'm still in the process of making my camouflage item

#Updated 15/5/11#- Much more info now

Step 1: How does camouflage work?

Before we get into the details of how camo works, we need to know what the different types of camo are.

Mimetic camouflage
-Mimetic camouflage mimics an object in the environment that it is in, usually by the use of colours or and/or shapes
-Stick insects are a prime example of Mimetic camouflage

Disruptive camouflage
-Disruptive camouflage disrupts, or breaks up the outline of a figure
-This involves only patterns and colours, not physical shapes
-This is what all just about all the camouflage patterns used by militarys around the world use, hence the name of some being DPM (disruptive pattern material)
-The patterns on some snakes act as Disruptive camouflage



Vision
Here's a quick summary of a few things you need to understand before designing an effective camouflage pattern
If you want to know more about these things, I've thrown in a few links at the bottom

Focal vision/central vision (If you sound smart you can use the medical term- Foveal Vision )
- Colour plays a major role
-100% of visual clarity in the range of focal vision
- Relies on conscious input; ie looking at things

Peripheral vision
-In humans, colour does not play an important role in P.V., only movement and contrast.
-Animals have better peripheral vision than humans
-Plays a key role in threat detection
-More rod cells in peripheral zones of retina causes peripheral vision to work better at night

The brain’s perceptions
-Brain is more likely to perceive something as an object or figure if it is one solid colour
-Black in the environment perceived as depth. Shadows are a source of the colour black, as well as distance (the air will gradually absorb colours, creating grey-black)



Making Camouflage work

Confusing focal vision
- Using colours in the pattern that are similar to, if not the same as the colours in the environment
- To a certain extent, using shapes similar to that in theenvironment
- Different colours breaking up solid colours and forms will limit the brains ability to detect the object

Confusing peripheral vision
-Using environment-specific colours will reduce the contrast between the material and the surroundings
-While peripheral vision relies on contrast, reducing the contrast between the colours in the pattern will negatively affect the foveal confusing properties.

Confusing/Altering the brain’s perceptions
-The ‘dithering effect’ can be implemented to create the perception of more colours, confusing colour vision more by increasing the pattern’s ability to blend
-The use of black or other dark colours will create a perception of depth, adding a 3rd dimension to design



Links
More info on how camouflage works >here<
Info on Peripheral vision >here<
Focal vision >here<
The Dithering effect >here<
lnfo on German 'Flecktarn' (this will help explain the Dithering effect a bit) >here<
 
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then3 years ago
nice instructable

is the idea original?
eastwashcamo.bmp
then then3 years ago
an dis is my grass camo

you can see here how it really breaks up the shape of the rectangle
grasscamoo.bmp
minerug (author)  then3 years ago
I would suggest using a wider variety of colours, other than just greens, as a pattern with colour that are too similar will tend to fade into a solid green at a distance.

I have a lot to put up on this 'ible yet, which will explain things a lot better than the info I have up at the mo. What I have learnt from various sources after I started this 'ible suggests that the camo pattern I made up for the intro pic is in fact pretty cruddy.

Drop me a PM and I will be able to give you heaps of tips to enhance what you've got so far
minerug (author) 3 years ago
New instructable up and running
how does this have 4,765 views? because, i don't know if my computer isn't wanting to pull these pics up, or if you accidentally did this. whatever you did... it seems to have worked!!!
minerug (author)  ducktape.mac3 years ago
Instructables won't let me delete it, so next time I make something, I'll put it in here
ah, i see. maybe i should try what you did.
Patented5 years ago
it seems very tasty! but picture would be nice too