Instructables

How to read a vernier (caliper)

Looking at an early caliper, you'll notice that it kinda looks like a tomahawk and has a scale down it's length. More about the scale later. On the bottom left, the "blade of the hatchet" are the jaws of the caliper for measuring outside dimensions - think of a tube. This would measure the outside diameter. The "pike" on top of the hatchet is used for measuring inside dimensions . Again, think of a tube's inside diameter. Looking all the way to the right...I know it's hard to see...but there's a little "tail" sticking out of the center of the handle. That will measure the depth of a step or some other similar feature. That little button on the top near the "pike" is a locking screw. The one just below it is a thumb button.
 
Remove these adsRemove these ads by Signing Up

Step 1: Holding the caliper

This is the proper way to hold a caliper. Use your thumb to slide the jaws open and closed. Yup, another tool that was totally designed for righties. Use the locking screw at the top if you want to set a dimension on the caliper and then check parts against your setting. Though it may not look it, the measurement between the inside and outside jaws are EXACTLY the same.
Thanks for this, I've come back to it several times since I found an old vernier in my desk here at work. Using your instructions, it's more accurate than the dial and digital calipers, and doesn't go out of whack over time. Very useful when dealing with bearings!
blackslax (author)  depotdevoid1 year ago
Thanks for the comment Depotdevoid.
Users like yourself is exactly why I wrote the instructable.
And the one thing I like about the (old fashioned) vernier is that they are far more durable than the dial calipers. Drop that dial caliper once and your chances are 50-50 that its a goner.
Phil B3 years ago
Thank you for this. I think I will need to look at it a few more times. I looked at a vernier caliper and considered buying it a few months ago. I was having some trouble understanding it. Your explanation helps. Not much later I received some gift money and bought a digital caliper. It may be cheating, but it sure is easy.
blackslax (author)  Phil B3 years ago
It's not cheating.
That's like saying it's cheating using a level instead of a clear plasstic tube and water.
There's no question about it - dial calipers and digital calipers are easier to use - especially for those of us that remember the Beatles.

Thanks!
I do remember the Beatles, which means I also remember The Ed Sullivan Show.
I bought a digital caliper and the thing never reads anywhere near a useful measurement, it's all in 1/128 and 1/64's I don't need to be anywhere near that accurate.
My digital caliper reads in decimals, not fractions. I can convert to fractions on a slide rule or a calculator. My caliper also gives me the option of metric or English readings.
amchaffie3 years ago
Fantastic explanation, I never really understood how to read off the smaller figures, Now hows about a metric one for us Brits :)
I just found an on-line vernier caliper tutorial with a simulator you can adjust by dragging the jaw with your mouse. You can write your reading on a piece of paper and then click "show" to learn what the correct reading is to a tenth of a millimeter. I tried to link it through the rich text editor here, but it would not work, so here is the URL:

http://www.physics.smu.edu/~scalise/apparatus/caliper/tutorial/
blackslax (author)  Phil B3 years ago
I would think that the Java is what is messing it up.


Thanks!
blackslax (author)  amchaffie3 years ago
I've never seen a metric vernier caliper - only dial calipers. Though I imagine that they do exist and that they would work relatively the same.

Thanks!
Eye Poker3 years ago
I bought a cheap plastic caliper from Harbor freight and it gets more use than most tools in my shop.
blackslax (author)  Eye Poker3 years ago
Yea, even a cheap plastic vernier caliper can give you some pretty good results. Just don't try to measure any freshly cut metals.

Thanks!
rimar20003 years ago
Very interesting instructive. It amazes me that almost nobody knows check read a vernier!
blackslax (author)  rimar20003 years ago
Well, when you have dial calipers and digital calipers available, the vernier caliper gets overlooked. The best part about the vernier caliper is that it can last forever. I've seen dial calipers have their dial come off and of course - digitals need batteries. Not very sustainable.

Thanks!
jdege3 years ago
It's nice to see some closeups that are actually in focus. It's all too rare, here.
blackslax (author)  jdege3 years ago
Thanks!

I had to go through 4 or 5 close-ups to get these.
They say a picture is worht a thousand words...but not blurry pictures.