Looking at an early caliper, you'll notice that it kinda looks like a tomahawk and has a scale down it's length. More about the scale later. On the bottom left, the "blade of the hatchet" are the jaws of the caliper for measuring outside dimensions - think of a tube. This would measure the outside diameter. The "pike" on top of the hatchet is used for measuring inside dimensions . Again, think of a tube's inside diameter. Looking all the way to the right...I know it's hard to see...but there's a little "tail" sticking out of the center of the handle. That will measure the depth of a step or some other similar feature. That little button on the top near the "pike" is a locking screw. The one just below it is a thumb button.

Step 1: holding the caliper

This is the proper way to hold a caliper. Use your thumb to slide the jaws open and closed. Yup, another tool that was totally designed for righties. Use the locking screw at the top if you want to set a dimension on the caliper and then check parts against your setting. Though it may not look it, the measurement between the inside and outside jaws are EXACTLY the same.
<p>I have a master's degree; I took a total of 7 years of math in high school and college. I made A's in English and reading comprehension. But I cannot follow these instructions. I have the cheap Harbor Freight calipers mentioned by a reader previously. They have different scales. I realize the principles would be the same but I don't understand what I am reading; I go back to the pictures but they aren't helpful. Annotating the pictures would be helpful so I know what they description is referring to. I'm not suggesting you do that since you put a lot of work into it. But I still am no closer to learning how to use these calipers than I was before.</p>
I understood well after reading few times. I was a high school drop out.
<p>Your brain is better developed than mine in the vernier caliper area : )</p>
<p>I didn't have any problems understanding the instructions and I graduated from a community college.</p>
Hi,<br><br>It appears that you have a very unusual caliper.<br>But let's see what's going on here.<br><br>On that central bar that doesn't move, you have 2 scales - one on top of the other...they both start at zero on the left. The bottom scale starts at zero, has divisions, and the first number is 10, then there's 20, and 30, etc. The top stationary scale starts at zero, there are some divisions an then there is a big 1, some more divisions and then a big 2. So it appears to me that the top scale is in inches and the bottom scale is metric. I know this because I also know that 1 inch equals 25.4 millimeters. If you look where the 1 on the top stationary scale coincides with the bottom stationary scale, you will see that it lines up with a number just past 25. <br><br>OK. Let's test that. Look at the moving scale at the top...near the &quot;pike&quot;. It start off with zero, there are 3 lines and the fourth line has a 4, three more lines and at the fourth line there is an 8. It says these are divisions of 1/128 in...but we'll get to that later. Line up the zero of that top moving scale with the 1 on the top stationary scale as exact as possible. Now look at the bottom moving scale that starts with zero at the left and every other division is increased by 1. I'll bet you, that while the zero on the top moving scale is lined up exactly with the 1 on the top stationary scale, that exactly at that moment the zero on the bottom moving scale is just a little bit to the right of the big line between the 20 and the 30 (that would be 25) on the bottom stationary scale. Additionally, the 4 on the bottom movable scale lines up exactly with one of the lines on the bottom stationary scale.<br><br>Tell me how I did, and then we'll continue.<br>You can write to me at blackslax@aol.com<br>
Fantastic explanation, I never really understood how to read off the smaller figures, Now hows about a metric one for us Brits :)
I just found an on-line vernier caliper tutorial with a simulator you can adjust by dragging the jaw with your mouse. You can write your reading on a piece of paper and then click &quot;show&quot; to learn what the correct reading is to a tenth of a millimeter. I tried to link it through the rich text editor here, but it would not work, so here is the URL:<br><br>http://www.physics.smu.edu/~scalise/apparatus/caliper/tutorial/
Hi Phil, thanks for the link. Very helpful.
<p>You are welcome.</p>
<p>You are welcome.</p>
I would think that the Java is what is messing it up. <br> <br> <br>Thanks!
I've never seen a metric vernier caliper - only dial calipers. Though I imagine that they do exist and that they would work relatively the same. <br> <br>Thanks!
<p>I just got one from Home Depot, it has both metric and standard readings, though the standard looks to be in fractions, not decimals, so I have next to no clue how to read it properly. The metric side, however, is easy to understand after your instructions (converting them to fit the metric scale, of course).</p>
<p>It's amazing how you guys like using the decimal point, but don't like using the decimal system! Millimeters make it much easier.</p>
<p>Back in the 70's when we tried to trade in all of our American system calipers for decimal system calipers, there was going to be a sixpence fee. </p>
<p>This was really helpful, </p>
<p>This was great. After reading your instructions carefully, traditional caliper reading really makes sense now. Thanks for taking the time to make this.</p>
<p>the pleasure was all mine.</p>
<p>Thanks for the great refresher! I hadn't used my vernier in several years and was really rusty when I tried to use it. The pictures and text were great, they brought me right back up to speed so I can now reload with confidence. My vernier is an older Craftsman and has both inch and metric scales.</p>
<p>Thanks that was an excellent review.</p>
Thanks for this, I've come back to it several times since I found an old vernier in my desk here at work. Using your instructions, it's more accurate than the dial and digital calipers, and doesn't go out of whack over time. Very useful when dealing with bearings!
Thanks for the comment Depotdevoid. <br>Users like yourself is exactly why I wrote the instructable. <br>And the one thing I like about the (old fashioned) vernier is that they are far more durable than the dial calipers. Drop that dial caliper once and your chances are 50-50 that its a goner.
Thank you for this. I think I will need to look at it a few more times. I looked at a vernier caliper and considered buying it a few months ago. I was having some trouble understanding it. Your explanation helps. Not much later I received some gift money and bought a digital caliper. It may be cheating, but it sure is easy.
It's not cheating. <br>That's like saying it's cheating using a level instead of a clear plasstic tube and water. <br>There's no question about it - dial calipers and digital calipers are easier to use - especially for those of us that remember the Beatles. <br> <br>Thanks!
I do remember the Beatles, which means I also remember The Ed Sullivan Show.
I bought a digital caliper and the thing never reads anywhere near a useful measurement, it's all in 1/128 and 1/64's I don't need to be anywhere near that accurate.
My digital caliper reads in decimals, not fractions. I can convert to fractions on a slide rule or a calculator. My caliper also gives me the option of metric or English readings.
I bought a cheap plastic caliper from Harbor freight and it gets more use than most tools in my shop.<br>
Yea, even a cheap plastic vernier caliper can give you some pretty good results. Just don't try to measure any freshly cut metals. <br> <br>Thanks!
Very interesting instructive. It amazes me that almost nobody knows check read a vernier!
Well, when you have dial calipers and digital calipers available, the vernier caliper gets overlooked. The best part about the vernier caliper is that it can last forever. I've seen dial calipers have their dial come off and of course - digitals need batteries. Not very sustainable. <br> <br>Thanks!
It's nice to see some closeups that are actually in focus. It's all too rare, here.
Thanks! <br> <br>I had to go through 4 or 5 close-ups to get these. <br>They say a picture is worht a thousand words...but not blurry pictures.

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