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Picture of How to read color codes from resistors.
colours.jpg
colours.jpg
colours.jpg
The value of the resistor is marked on the body using colors. Every color is different number and you can remember these numbers or you can just use the table on next step. OR there are much resistor calculators that you can use. It's for the laziest people :D .  However it's your decision ,and I will show you all ways to calculate resistor value.

Colors

Here is the table with the colors and numbers. As you can see they are:
  • BLACK:     0
  • BROWN:   1
  • RED:           2
  • ORANGE:   3
  • YELLOW:   4
  • GREEN:       5
  • BLUE:          6
  • VIOLET:      7
  • GREY:          8
  • WHITE:        9
But this is not for all colors. From right to left the second color is multiplier. Digits from the first colors must be multiplied with the number of this color.
  • BLACK:     1
  • BROWN:   10
  • RED:           100
  • ORANGE:   1000
  • YELLOW:   10000
  • GREEN:       100000
  • BLUE:          1000000
  • GOLD:          0.1
  • SILVER:       0.01
And the last color: This is tolerance. Tolerance is the precision of the resistor and it is given as a percentage. For example a 390 resistor with a tolerance of ±10% will have a value within 10% of 390, between 390 - 39 = 351 and 390 + 39 = 429 (39 is 10% of 390).
  • BROWN:   1%
  • RED:           2%
  • GOLD:        5%
  • SILVER:     10%
  • NOTHING:  20%

Calculator

Resistor color code calculator
If you are too lazy to think about colors and digits and mat ... this is for you :) :D

Examples

Exemple: If first color is RED ,second is RED ,third is BLACK and the last is SILVER it means:
RED - 2  --  RED - 2  --  YELLOW - x10000  --  SILVER - 10%          so...
2   2   0000 +/- 10% * 2 2 0000   so... :D
220000 +/- 22000
This is 220 000 Ohm or 220 kOhm
or 220 000 - 22 000 Ohm or 220 - 22 kOhm
or 220 000 + 22 000 Ohm or 220 + 22 kOhm

Hope you got it :)

Exercises

Now some exercises :)
Try to calculate resistors' values from third and forth picture.
Answers are below.




Answers






The first one is        :  11000  =   11k ohms
The second one is :  1000    =    1k ohms
The both are with gold color for the tolerance ,it means 5%.

It's your answer? I hope so :)

In your example you give the color code -(red, red, black, silver)-

"it means: RED = 2, RED = 2, YELLOW=(x10000), SILVER = 10%"

Shouldn’t it be: red = 2, red = 2, BLACK = (x1), silver = +/-10%

22*1 = 22+/-10%

pfred22 years ago
You could always connect a resistor up to your multimeter set on the ohms scale too.
daveda pfred22 years ago
Unless it is soldered into a circuit. Then you would have to unsolder one end to isolate it from the rest of the circuit.