Introduction: How to Recell a Porter Cable 18V Cordless Tool Battery Using Cells From a $15 Harbor Freight Battery

Picture of How to Recell a Porter Cable 18V Cordless Tool Battery Using Cells From a $15 Harbor Freight Battery

Items needed:

1 Porter Cable PC18B NiCad battery pack in need of fresh cells

1 Chicago Electric 18 Volt NiCd Replacement Battery, Harbor Freight Tools item #68860

2 Pieces of 14 gauge stranded wire (Mine came from an old power cord.)

Some basic hand tools, including a soldering iron.

Step 1: Exterior Comparison

Picture of Exterior Comparison

The Chicago Electric battery from Harbor Freight is similar in size and shape to the Porter Cable battery. The connectors are completely different, of course.

Step 2: Disassembly

Picture of Disassembly

The Porter Cable case is held together with six T10 screws. The Chicago Electric case uses four #1 phillips screws. Inside we find that each battery contains three rows of five sub-C NiCad cells wired to a connector on top. The Porter Cable cells are shrink wrapped, while the Chicago Electric cells are wrapped with a strip of cellophane tape.

Step 3: Temperature Sensors

Picture of Temperature Sensors

The Chicago Electric battery has a thermal switch taped to one of the rear cells. The Porter Cable battery has a thermistor under the connector that sticks down into the middle of the pack through a hole in the insulator. Although it wouldn't be used, I left the Chicago Electric pack's thermal switch in place, disconnected, since I had plenty of room for it in my Porter Cable battery case.

Step 4: Cell Configuration

Picture of Cell Configuration

Both packs are 15 cells in series, but the Porter Cable in the foreground taps the ends of the series string in the middle of the pack, while the Chicago Electric battery's connections are on the last two cells in back. The packs have their positive and negative connections on opposite sides, so the wiring will have to cross sides for the Chicago pack to work in the Porter Cable case.

Step 5: Plenty of Room in Here

Picture of Plenty of Room in Here

Fortunately Porter Cable was generous with space in their battery case. The cells are suspended above the bottom of the case by a knob of plastic under each one, and that gives us the room we need to run our wires underneath. There's also room around the perimeter of the case which I used to bring the wires around to the connection points on the pack, as you'll see in the next step.

Step 6: Wiring the Replacement Pack

Picture of Wiring the Replacement Pack

Desolder the connector and the wires from the Chicago Electric pack, and poke a pair of holes in the insulators to pass the wires through from bottom to top to match the Porter Cable pack's wire location. Route the wires around the edges of the cells on the bottom so they won't get pinched between the cells and the little knobs that are molded into the lower case. Wrap the wires around the front of the pack and over to the opposite sides where you'll solder them to the tabs on the two end cells. Put the pack in the lower case and pack the wires into the empty space so that the top will go on. A test fit at this stage is probably a good idea. On my battery, I used brown for positive and blue for negative, and I stuck the silver insulator from the Porter Cable pack on top.

Step 7: Attach the Connector

Picture of Attach the Connector

The wires are welded to the connector terminals on the Porter Cable battery, so you'll need to cut those free. Slide the positive terminal out of the connector toward the rear and solder it to the positive wire from the new battery. Go easy on the solder so you don't make the wire too stiff to allow the connector block to seat. Slide the negative terminal up and out of the block and solder it to your negative wire, being careful with the other connections on this one. Put the block back together and don't forget to make a hole for the thermistor under the connector block. Put the top of the case on, fiddling with the wires as necessary to get everything to go into place, and secure it with the six screws.

Step 8: Bob's Your Uncle

Picture of Bob's Your Uncle

I did a quick check to make sure I got my polarity correct, slapped it on the charger for an hour, and put it into service.

Comments

JerryS57 (author)2016-02-26

Instead of weaving the wires through and around I just turned the battery pack over and had direct connections about an inch long.

RicD3 (author)2015-11-09

Wow!!! Easy & Cheap! (No ladies jokes, please). Worked like a charm. Batteries & Bulbs wanted $50.00 to do this $18.00 DIY!!!

You guys ROCK!!!!!

Fredl8 (author)2015-11-01

12.99 HARBOR FREIGHT BATTERY 68413 used a 20% disc coupon

plus got a free 25' tape measure

Cut the thermistor off the porter cable connector

black to black red to white

perfect fit solder black and red and reassembled

Thank you!!!!

-=Fred=-

vitaly.pospelov.39 (author)2015-02-26

I came up with this mod on my own. I soldered the Porter Cable connector onto Chicago battery pack, positive were white to red wire, negative was black to black. The temp sensor had 2 black wires on Porter and 1 black wire for Chicago. I just soldered them together. After doing the swap and trying to charge, the charger signaled temperature problem. After reading this post, I realized that I could disconnect the temp probe wires. I cut the single wire on Chicago pack - same result. So I cut the 2 wires on the Porter connector - Bam! It works! Thanks to this post explaining the temperature sensor deal... Awesome mod! That's the cheapest way to recell the 18v NiCD batteries that I've seen anywhere. Costs more to buy the rechargeable batteries, then you have to make them into a pack yourself. Harbor Tools sure do have some unbeatable prices anywhere in the US. Way to go! Thanks!

I rewired the Chicago battery pack checking to make sure I wired positive and negative correctly per this online guide. I put it all together and put it in the charger.

It started charging right away with the normal flashing rate on the charger. After 2 or 3 minutes the flashing rate double or tripled the way it did on the flailed porta-cable battery. I re-read your comments about disconnecting the thermal wires and

re-tried charging but got the same results. Any advice would be appreciated.

dennis.l.whalen@gmail.com

KennethM6 (author)2015-05-09

I love the fix but it will only work with the nicad charger not the multi chemistry

KennethM6 (author)2015-05-07

How long does this fix ussaly last?

ToddC6 (author)2015-04-18

This worked great, It was fun and easy. I'm planning to go to the swap meet to pick up a couple of more PC batteries and convert them

Ribolator (author)2015-04-08

this worked great. one suggestion. the + and - are reversed between the two cell packs and you did some rewiring to fix it but if you just flip the cells upside down they will be in the right position and all you do is cut the existing wire on the new cell to length and solder to porter cable connector. it is a little tight getting the cover on but it will go.

This is super useful! I have a friend who has like 3 battery packs and all of them are dying. I'll have to show this to him.