Introduction: How to Season Cast Iron or Steel Cookware in a Normal Oven

Cast iron and steel cookware are wonderful, durable, and ubiquitous. Steel bakeware and cast iron of all types should be seasoned to create a safe and non-stick cooking surface. I will show you how to season your cookware in a normal oven.

Step 1: Clean and Dry Your Cookware

The first step is to clean off the cookware.

Normally I wouldn't use soap on cast iron (gross right?!) but would instead clean it with hot water and a coarse steel scrubber. Before we start seasoning though, we have to be sure to remove whatever the ages may have deposited on the cookware.

A steel baking pan requires less time in the oven, but must also be cleaned of any rust or stuck on stuff. Scrub the pan in soapy hot water with rough steel wool or (for really tough rust) sand it with wet/dry sandpaper.

Whether washing or sanding, the surface should feel smooth as cloth when clean. If the surface is severely pitted then sanding should help.

On cast iron I use a coarse steel scrubber under hot running water.

It's not good to let cast iron soak in dishwater as the soap and perfume oils can mingle in the porous surface and make your food taste all soapy. Lemon juice and tomatoes are acidic foods, and will strip away your non stick surface.

You don't have to remove every bit of black carbon, but if your pan has a bad soapy flavor, you probably should. The perfume oils from dish soap can soak in to the carbon layer like nasty water into a sponge.

To dry I use a towel and then I put into a 400 degree oven for maybe 10 minutes while it preheats. The pans should be REALLY DRY before the next step.

NEVER PUT HOT CAST IRON INTO WATER! IT CAN CRACK!

A note on hygiene and cast iron cookery: Always rinse your pan out before use, scrub if necessary. Don't use soap. Heat your pan to a high temperature before you start cooking, and then back it down to the desired heat. It doesn't take more than a minute, and will be as clean as you ever wanted.

Step 2: Oiling Up

For this step you'll need some high flashpoint oil. I use corn oil, but peanut oil, canola, crisco, butter, or lard should work just as well. Make sure the oil you choose is not salted or flavored. You want the plain stuff, no salt.

Pull your pans out and unless you're using solid oil (butter, crisco, lard), you should let them cool until you can touch them without getting burned.

If you use the solid stuff, you'll need an oven mitt you can wash or else don't care about. Get your mitt on and go to town! Make sure the pan is fairly hot (like just done drying in a 400 degree oven right?).

Get some oil on to a paper towel and rub it into the metal. You will get some on your hands if you do it right. Don't leave puddles! if you can shake a drip off then there's too much. It should be a good amount, just short of too much. Make sure your racks are spaced tall enough, and put those oily pans into the oven.

Step 3: Baked on Caked On

I use corn oil and have always been happy with it except one time when I put too much on. Don't use too much oil, you'll be disappointed with the results.

Now with your pans happily baking in a 400degree oven, it's time to turn up the heat... To 550 or broil.
Open the windows. Turn on the fans. Keep an eye on it, and be ready to unplug the smoke detector because that burning oil is going to make quite a bit of smoke. I suggest staying in the same room to be sure everything is ok fire wise. This is a good time to put on some shorts and catch up on some dishes.

I'm really serious about the windows and fans, even in winter.

Let the cast iron stay in the piping hot oven for 20 minutes and then turn off the heat. Don't open the oven after turning the heat up! The oil needs to burn in an absence of oxygen as much as possible. In about ten minutes after turning the heat off you can put on some mitts and pull out the pans.

Leave baking pans or cookie sheets in 15 minutes or so, and then pull them out and let them cool for 2 min, then recoat and return to the oven. You can put on almost 4 layers in an hour, and give it a final hardening bake of 20 min before turning the oven off. 4 or 5 layers should be enough to give your bakeware a long lasting non-stick surface.

Comments

author
Denger made it!(author)2009-11-12

Interesting instructable! 

I'm curious about one thing -- why the need for high heat and multiple coatings?  I've always seasoned my cast iron at about 350 degrees (baking it for several hours), using just one coating of oil.  Doesn't your method burn (rather than bake) the oil, and won't that result in an undesirable flavor being subsequently imparted to the food being cooked?

author
Nickthetinker made it!(author)2010-08-25

The high heat breaks down the oil much like burning except less so. This forms a protective layer of carbon on the metal. Steel cookie sheets benefit from a thick carbon layer while cast iron needs a relatively thin one. the burned oil imparts no flavor to the food, and remains as a non stick surface.

author
Airitech made it!(author)2010-08-23

A great instructable! If I may, I would add how a few cycles of cast-skillet corn bread made with olive oil or lard has the same effect (if sanding is not required) My highland Grandmother and Mother did it that way and I now have their cookware. Still great cast. The oldest was made by Sheffield Forge in 1861. Every couple of years I follow Nick's basic system right down to the sanding when necessary. But the 4-5 cycle corn bread method the rest of the time(once a year for sure). Thanks for the post Nick.

author
Mock26 made it!(author)2008-05-26

Great Instructable. I have always felt that beef lard works best for seasoning. Also, the first couple of times that I use a newly seasoned pan I cook bacon in it.

author
hawar made it!(author)2008-04-11

thank you, a good instructable.

author
hammerhead made it!(author)2008-02-23

I'm doing this to my wok right now. I'm on the fourth pass and it looks beautiful, all shiny and hopefully non-stick. I've been looking around for a while on how to season cast iron cookware and this seems to be the best way to do it. Great instructable!

author
GorillazMiko made it!(author)2008-02-16

Pictures are a little "eh", but otherwise, nice job.

author
Nickthetinker made it!(author)2008-02-16

Wow. I was really proud of the animated gif's... started with paint there...

author
GorillazMiko made it!(author)2008-02-16

Nothings wrong with them, they're actually pretty good, but I just meant you should have more pictures. :P

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