This guide will show you how to disassemble, clean, and reassemble a cup and cone hub found on most bikes
Step 1: Tools Needed
regular wrench or socket
degreaser safe for bike parts
grease safe for bearings(axle and most other automotive greases work)
gloves and paper towels
Step 2: Remove the Lock Nut
hold the cone nut in place with a cone wrench (this hub uses a size 13) while turning the lock nut counter-clockwise with a wrench or socket (13mm)
Step 3: Remove the Bearings
Carefully remove the bearings one at a time. Be sure to count how many bearings come out of the hub. 10 to 11 is usually standard.
Many bike shops will say to keep the bearings separated by what side they came off of. This is done to keep the bearings in the same bearing race because they wear next to eachother and fit together differently than the bearings on the other side of the hub will.
Step 4: Clean the Bearings and Hub
Use the degreaser and a rag to clean your hub and bearings. Some grease is tougher than other grease and will require more effort to remove.
these bearings were sitting in the degreaser for about 5 minutes.
Step 5: Apply Grease to the Hub
Apply your grease to the hub and make sure it has adequate coverage.
(grease was NOT used in this hub. clear lubricant was used for demonstration purposes only)
Step 6: Repack the Bearings
Repack the bearings one at a time to avoid dropping any inside the hub.
Again, clear lubricant was used to demonstrate how the bearings sit in the hub.
Step 7: Adjust the Cone and Lock Nut
Once the bearings are in the correct position, tighten the cone nut until the axle feels like it's only slightly dragging, then loosen it just a little bit. Getting the hub to spin smoothly but securely at the same time will take a few trys. Just be careful not to over tighten or leave the nut too loose. You will know when it's tight enough when you can pull side to side on the axle and there is little to no play in the axle. Hold the cone nut in place while tightening the lock nut against the cone nut. Try not to move the cone nut or axle while doing this.