This instructable tells you how to create real electronic circuits using a textile perfboard, (a piece of conductive fabric) instead of a rigid perfboard. You will be able to sew resistors, capacitors, LED's, integrated circuits and many other components. This is a list of what you will need:
- textile perfboard (you can find it on www.plugandwear.com)
- traditional components (not SMD!) like resistors, capacitors, LED's, IC's
- sewing needle
- sewing thread. I suggest shrinking sewing thread, you can find it in embroidery shops or on www.plugandwear.com . It is a special sewing thread that shrinks 30% in lenght when exposed to heat.
- wire cutter (or nail trimmer)
Step 1: Preparing discrete components
Let's start to sew a resistor like the one you see in the picture. The resistor has two straight terminals as shown in the picture. Start by bending both terminals 90° as shown. Bend again both terminals at 90° as shown in the picture. Cut both terminals so that their tip is about 8 mm (0.31") long.
Step 2: Placing discrete components on perfboard
Now place the resistor over the textile perfboard with terminals parallel to the metal perfboard stripes and adjust the distance between the terminals so that they are over the metal stripes of the fabric. Then gently insert both terminals at the same time inside the fabric, parallel to the metal stripes. When doing this you must be careful that terminals remain inside the fabric without coming out on the back of fabric. To obtain this insert terminals parallel to fabric. See pictures and explainations.
Step 3: Sewing discrete components
Now you can start sewing using shrinking sewing thread. Sew along the black lines around terminals so that they are tightly wrapped. It is suggested also to sew around the vertical part of the terminals. Repeat the same steps for the othr terminal and your resistor is sewn and connected!