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This Instructable will outline how to modify a generic orthopedic cane so it can become much more effective as a personal defense device.  For me this was made a necessity after I'd had hip surgery and needed to use a cane to walk.  But like many people needing a “walking aid” I felt that by using a cane in public I'd marked myself as vulnerable and a easy target for the unfortunate low life segment of society that will attack or otherwise harm anyone they deem weaker than themselves.  Also, my personal “fight or flight” response was made a bit more complicated by the fact running (or even walking fast) was no longer an option.  So, I asked myself "what kind of personal defense options do I have"?

There are certainly a multitude of devices out there that claim to scare away, disable, or otherwise neutralize an attacker in his or her tracks when you need to the most.  Everything from extremely loud flash-bang noisemakers to tear/pepper sprays to electric stun devices to getting a license to carry for a hand gun can be had to “defend yourself”, but most have one or more severe drawbacks.  Cost, complexity, possibility of accidental misuse, and being just plain to deadly to use in most situations are just are a few of the drawbacks that come to mind.  I'm not going to go into the politics or moral implications involved with some of these choices and devices other than to observe that there is lots of debate going on about defending yourself and how to do it and it has unfortunately spilled over into some overly politically correct laws that complicate the issue.  But being a DIY and KISS kind of guy I came to the realization I might have the answer (literally) in the palm of my hand on a daily basis.

The goal of any good defense device is to be there when you need it and be easy and intuitive to use, and canes have been use in that manner since humans started to walk upright.  So it is natural that so called “fighting canes” appeared in virtually every human culture to help defend individuals.  But the problem now is that there are many local and state laws involving canes that are poorly written (with lot of police “interpretation” sometime involved) that what defines what is legal or not gets very murky.  Sword canes, canes with large heavy heads, or canes with any kind of projections that could be considered spikes or blades can get you into trouble very fast.  And what may be perfectly legal where you live may send you straight to jail in the next county or state.  But there IS one kind of cane that is out there by the millions and that no one will blink an eye at: the lowly orthopedic walking cane.  It can attend any church or political function, be brought on most public transports*, and attend any family or professional function with no problems.  Grandma has one, I have one.  And maybe you have one, too.

The average stock orthopedic cane can be found in any large drug or second hand thrift store worldwide and is cheap ($3 to $24 dollars US).  It's actually somewhat of a marvel in design.  The one I have is made out of tough lightweight aircraft aluminum tubing and has a good tough epoxy paint job.  It's served me very well daily for 3 years before I “upgraded it” without major signs of ware or failures. 

So, how should you modify your  orthopedic cane for possible combat?  That depends on what style of “combat” you plan on doing.  Generally speaking there are two schools of thought for using a cane for defense.  One is learning a group of  “moves” that involve human physiology so you can take advantage of weak points, leverage, and balance to naturalize your opponent.  For this type of defense there are many “Cane Fu” type of schools that would be happy to teach you these moves ether by having you attend a local class or by providing you with a DVD to instruct you, and they can even provide you with “special” combat canes.  The major problem with these classes is you must commit to practicing the moves until they become sub-conscious if you actually have any hope to remember then in a stressful confrontation and they cost you money.  If you can commit to and afford that level of involvement then this is probably a better way to go, but I don't have that kind of money or motivation myself.

The second school of cane defense is what I call the “bang on them 'till they drop or run” approach.  This appeals to my KISS nature in that all you really need to remember is what parts of the human body hurt the most when hit so you can either disable or dissuade an attacker in the quickest manner.  It may not be as effective or as sexy as method one but I'm realistic enough to realize I'm not going to turn into Chuck Norris at this point in my life so I'll have to make do.  There are websites (and even classes) out there that describe this method and how to train yourself, but the commitment level and cost is much lower than the fist choice and more doable by most people. 

This then answers my cane modification question – I want my orthopedic cane to be a good club without making it look like one. 

Contrary to popular belief a good club is a lot more than just a long stout piece of wood or metal you hit someone with.  There are handle/grip and balance issues as well as how easy it will be to lug around all day.  Some of these issues are quite the opposite of what a good cane is.  In a club you want the far “hitting end” to be heavy, for a cane it's just the opposite, the far end should be made to be as light as possible so you can swing it around all day with the least amount of effort.  A club handle should allow two handed power swinging for aiming at an intended target, a cane handle should allow one handed fine point placement with continual repeating downward pressure to the hand for weight bearing and balance without long term hand or arm discomfort.  The simple answer to this dilemma is to put some extra weight in the cane handle and turn the cane around when you want to make it into a club.  It would also be good to wrap the far end of the cane in some kind of gripping material to make the handling surer in it's “club mode”.  That's pretty much what I hope to outline in the next few steps.

That said, I will also make the following disclaimer:  no matter what cane defense method you choose, you should always seek to resolve a potentially violent situation without actually letting it turn violent with the possible escalation, legal, and moral issues involved.  Use your head before resorting to using your cane.

* Note that the modifications to this cane will show up if it ever gets scanned by TSA at an airport, so if you don't want to try explaining to a irate public servant what you are doing with it (and risk getting you cane confiscated and missing your flight) you might want to invest in a non-modified cane for traveling.  

Step 1: What You Will Need:


A standard tubular L shaped “offset handle” type orthopedic cane (other cane handle types and materials can use the general ideas presented here but you will have to figure out alternative ways to add extra weight into the handle).

“Liquid Nails” or some other good general purpose heavy duty adhesive (20 minute epoxy might also be a good choice).

Some cheap masking type tape to wrap the bolt with to center it inside the cane tube while the  adhesive drys.

Vinyl Glue and/or tape and “O” rings to cover the bolt head so it molds into the handle to make it look “stock” (this is a creative step – molded Sugru, layers of silicon sealant/adhesive, and others methods could also be used depending on what you have on hand, costs,  and your creativity level).

A 4 inch 5/8th inch bolt or equivalent to place into the handle for some extra weight.  (You may want to bring the cane you want to modify to the hardware store and try fitting different bolts into it for the best fit).

Some bike handle bar tape to wrap the lower cane adjustment bar with (I like the feel of the “cushy” vinyl type but the cloth type might look a bit less obvious).

Something to cut off and trim the end of the stock cane plastic handle so you can insert the bolt with adhesive into the metal tube snugly.  I used small wire side cutters but hobby model blades or good pair of scissors will work, too.

Step 2: Make the Lower Cane Extension Into the Club Handle.


As I said, you will turn your dual use cane around to use it like a club.  So you will want to make the lower part of the cane on the rubber tip end into a club handle without being too obvious about it or adding too much weight.  I did this by simply covering the telescoping tube in bicycle handlebar tape and gluing down the ends well so it will not unravel.  I also firmly glued the rubber cane tip on so it won't come off under stress.  You can also pull out the telescoping adjustment tube a bit to glue it down before pushing it back in place for a more secure feel if you want (you really don't need to adjust it again after the first fitting unless you are a growing child).  If anyone asks why you did all this you can do what I do and say I have people in the house where I live who complain if I hit things in the dark with it and make noise at night.  Or say you use it like a hook to retrieve things and the taped end helps you grip it better (actually the truth for me as I reach up and close my rear car hatch with my cane handle all the time).

Step 3: Adding a Little Heft to the Cane Handle:


Use a sharp blade or side cutters to remove the very end of the handle cover

Use some kind of tape to wrap the middle of the bolt so it will fit snugly into the handle tube.  Make sure the tape only covers the middle part of the bolt so you can glue the bolt in place on both ends and it goes all the way into the handle so just the bolt head is exposed. 

Remove the bolt and add generous amounts of adhesive to both ends (just under the head and to the threaded part).

Reinsert the bolt into the cane handle tube so it's snug and centered and wipe off any excess adhesive from around the bolt head.  Allow the adhesive to dry completely.

Step 4:

Build up the head of the bolt to make it look like a natural part of the existing handle.  I used a few rubber “O” rings I had around and vinyl cement and then wrapped the whole affair in good vinyl tape (don't use cheap big-box bargain bin tape, it will just let go and unravel with use – I used 3M black tape and it holds much better). There are other ways to do this, so just use whatever you have on hand and be creative as you want,

If some of the end of the bolt is still visible after you finish building up the sides and wrapping it in tape just use a black marker pen or model paint to cover it over.

Step 5:

So there you have it, that's about it for the cane modifications.  After using it a while I found there were several added advantages to adding weight to the handle of my cane.  First, it just seems to feel more substantial and balanced better in my hand in daily use.  And second, my cane had a annoying tendency to slide over whenever I leaned it up against a wall or other stationary object when I was using two hands for something.  Now it seems much more likely to stay put and not fall over quite so easily.  I've also notice it really dose have a lot more "heft" as a club but I really don't notice the added weight when I'm using it as a cane, so it fulfills my general requirements as a inconspicuous “defense cane” quite well.

If anyone duplicate this Instructable or has questions or comments about it please drop me a note and let me know what you think.
<p>If you A) need a cane, and B) anticipate using it for self defense, then why adapt a flimsy orthopedic &quot;granny/gramps&quot; cane? They bend easily and are not intended for any kind of rough use...especially clubbing someone who may turn you into a human popsicle with it when they shove it where the sun don't shine. Go to your local Tractor Supply, AgWay, or whatever your farm/ranch stores are called and buy a crook neck livestock can. They are made from hickory, are more durable, cheaper, and provide much better body support than 'ortho' canes. Wail away all you want with it...it won't break. Best of all, without mods, no LEO in the country can argue it is a weapon. Oh, and that bolt you mentioned? Slip that into a pocket. Voila! You now also have a kubotan that doesn't look like one. ;)</p>
<p>You'd be better off turning it into a 12-gauge zip-gun.</p>
<p>If you think this flimsy thing is going to be effective for anything other than fighting off other old ladies at a yard sale, you're deluding yourself. If you think you can do even this without training and practice, you may be in for some rude surprises.</p>
<p>Was I the only one slightly disappointed to see that this wasn't being transformed into a gun a taser or pepper spraying device disguised as a cane? Kidding.</p><p>While the thin walled cane may not last as long hitting things, it can be used on a person quite effectively in a stabbing motion. What i mean is instead of hitting the person in a motion that may snap the cane in half, you could use it more like a battering ram to the face, throat, or groin without the risk of it snapping. The added weight will undoubtedly help.</p>
<p>It's a good mod to an ortho cane to give it a bit of an edge. Unfortunately you should realize that they're STILL fragile and you're going to only get a couple of good strikes in with it since it's still mainly built with thin-walled construction. If you think/expect that you need a weapon and need it to pass muster through a TSA checkpoint and the like, you're better served by a regular maple cane or something from Cold Steel in their walking stick lineup...WITHOUT THE SWORDS.</p>
<p>Good idea for a protective cane. </p><p>I added half of the frame from a camping stool to the inside of a carry-on bag It reinforced it enough to sit on when needed at the airport.</p>
<p>Canes, clubs, sticks, &amp; staves used for combat do generally need to be heavy enough to do damage with strikes, but not so heavy that they are unwieldy. Lighter canes are better used for thrusting strikes or for stick grappling. </p><p>Check out the various videos on youtube for Kali, Escrima, Arnis, or Filipino martial arts in general for some good techniques &amp; principles. Setup some form of dummy to practice your strikes, and eventually, you WILL need to practice some form of sparring with a human being that won't just stand there like a dummy and let you do whatever you want. </p><p>Look into finding a group in your area to practice with- see if there is a Dog Brothers, Inosanto/JKD, Atienza or Sayoc Kali group near you. Those guys have their sh*t together with regard to stick &amp; blade fighting for REAL. </p>

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