Instructables
For those with diabetes, like myself, taking control of diabetes can be a daunting task.
But with a few techniques and some fun creativity you can conquer and overcome.
It is my goal to give you some great advice and some fun methods of controlling your blood sugar; because if you don't take care of your blood sugar you can have many bad side effects.


For those without diabetes - you may want to take some of the advice on this Instructable.
Did you know that an estimated 285 million people, corresponding to 6.4% of the world's adult population, will live with diabetes in 2010.
AND
In the United States: every hour, more than 4,000 cases will be diagnosed, and more than 800 of them will die. Over 50 people will go blind, while 120 will have to undergo kidney transplant or dialysis.

The facts are startling and the consequences painful. Diabetes is becoming an epidemic.
So, here are some ways to help your body out and either control your sugar or prevent diabetes.


 
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Step 1: Check your blood sugar! Become Aware!

The most important step for people who are already diabetic is to check your blood sugar often.
I know the more I check my blood the better I am motivated to be healthy and take care of myself. Plus I will know how to take care of myself depending on where my blood is at.

A healthy level for blood sugar is between 70 and 130
If your blood sugar is below 70 drink 8oz of 100%fruit juice or a small candy or some bread.
if your blood sugar is in average ranges pat yourself on the back!
if your blood sugar is high go exercise!

I recommend checking your blood sugar before meals and 1 hour after meals. Or, at least 3 times a day - once in the morning, once in the afternoon, and once in the evening. Or, a combination of the 2.

It is important to check with your Doctor on everything related to your blood and how you control it.
Your doctor may recommend taking a medication such as Metformin in addition to healthy eating and exercise.
It is what I do when I am sick because stress can mess with my blood sugar. Or, if you are just starting out on controlling your blood sugar they might recommend pills to help get you down to a healthy level and stay there. If you are taking pills be consistent with what the doctor tells you to do.

If you don't have diabetes or if you don't know  if you have diabetes (1 in 3 people with diabetes don't know they have diabetes. That is about 5.7 Million people in the US). It is good to be informed and aware of the symptoms.

Diabetic symptoms include:
Frequent urination
Unusual thirst
Extreme hunger
Unusual weight loss
Extreme fatigue and Irritability
Frequent infections
Blurred vision
Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet
Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections

and sometimes people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms.



Diabetes may also be a result of untreated sleep apnea.
Get a sleep study if you have daytime sleepiness, morning headaches,
fatigue, HBP, or difficulty concentrating.
Sleep disorders can directly result in obesity because of the
excessive stress hormones produced during disturbed sleep.
valkgurl2 years ago
In case anyone strays over to this and doesn't notice the date of the posting---

Most of what the OP says is very true and helpful.

There are some things to add tho.

Pills are --um--fine. But a lot of times your body NEEDS insulin. Now this is NOT at all a measure of your personal ability to "control" your blood glucose or diabetes. It is a NEED of your body to be able to process food. Many of the pills take a toll on your digestive system and give you "issues". Insulin in either a syringe; a pen; or best of all a pump is what you NEED.

Some MD's fear putting Type 2's on insulin needlessly. And some people fear this but it really the best way to actively participate in your own care.

Insulin since it is a naturally occuring hormone in your body does NOT have "side effects" like metformin etc. You can get much better control of your daily---even hourly---glucose with it. And it eliminates the need to wait in between testing while damage is being done. If you are only getting tested at your every so often MD appointments or if your MD says to only check every so often---how are you going to AVOID the complications.

By using your meter to test often and being able to adjust your insulin intake to account for what you are going to eat; when you are going to eat it--priceless. And if you use a pump you can eliminate the multiple and some times painful injections. The pump needles---even the ones that LOOK big n scary---are not uncomfortable but it might take you a few tries to discover which one is right for you. Once the pump is on you change it every few days. Meaning you only have to insert a non painful "needle": once every few days.

This also eliminates the long acting insulin ie Lantus from your routine--no more trying to remember if you did or did not use that bad boy.

Now I wear a Medtronics pump and have done for 5 years. And they are not perfect but they are close.

Avoiding carbs---mostly processed carbs--WILL help a lot. But that does NOT mean that you can NEVER HAVE ANYTHING MADE FROM A PROCESSED CARB EVER AGAIN. You are NOT "allergic" to carbs. But you ARE more sensitive to their effects than an Non-D person. And just like anyone else with a "food issue" you will find things that work for YOU.

All protein all the time will sometimes make you sick.

It's a balancing act.

For those that don't know how a pump works:

A pump has a reservoir which you fill with insulin.
You "prime" the pump so insulin is flowing.

Then you use a small catheter to insert a "needle" under your skin---this does NOT hurt for more than a second. There is no blood.

Then you use adhesive that is attached to the inserted needle to stick it to your skin.

The pump stores some insulin doses like for over night--these are called BASAL DOSES. These are given with out you having to wake up and take them--magic!

For meal times you check your blood glucose; input that number to the pump; decide how MANY grams of carbs you are eating; input that number-and voila the pump automatically gives you the dose based on what you and your MD have decided is a good carb to insulin ratio for YOU.

You have lots of options like splitting your dose in half at meals to avoid a sudden low; various records can be kept in the pump and uploaded to keep track of your trends; you can "suspend" the pump for sports or water activities and re-start it later; (Most sports will not need this) and you just remove the tube part for showers--no need to remove the whole assembly.

Also--=lately some well respected studies have been done on the relationship of Vit D3 to diabetes both as a possible cause/link and also as an adjunct to treatment. I personally have been taking the monthly "clinical" dose of 50,000 units as an EVERY DAY DOSE---this is usually a once a month Rx item---but because I am consistently so low my MD and I have worked up to this. Amazing results for me---might be worth looking into. Many many scientific (not quack!) studies out there to support this.

Your mileage may vary.
mickryobe4 years ago
I don't think eating sugars or sweets will cause diabetes. It will contribute to one's weight which is a cause of the disease.
Heredity, Overweight, Lack of exercise individually and together can cause the pancreas to malfunction.
Here in Toronto, Canada, our OHIP (Ontario Health Insurance Programme) provides superb ongoing personal care by trained, caring professionals in all relative fields to help and advise us and keep us on the right path. All this at no cost.
All of our medications, which can add up to a substantial amount, are free.
We are very fortunate.

Mickey

lemonie4 years ago
Well explained.

Any tips for avoiding Type 2 diabetes in the first place? I.e. a background section might be informative.

L
1) Seek medical advice. Not worth sacrificing needlessly, a simple analysis of glucose curve that lasts 2 hours, says whether you are prone to diabetes.

2) The most important factors are: heredity, overweight, cholesterol, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, inordinate desire for sweets.
"inordinate desire for sweets" - I'll read as "diet rich in refined carbohydrates"?

L
Something so.

In my case, I always had an inordinate fondness toward the jam, dulce de leche, quince, sweet potato in syrup, etc. For me it was (and remains) almost unthinkable a dinner or lunch without a dessert. Since I was diagnosed with diabetes I care a bit, I have replaced the candy with fruits, but sometimes I can't avoid take me a "license".
I can understand that.
Things like "high-fructose corn syrup" probably contribute a lot in the US?

L
Les, "Everywhere they boil beans" (Spanish: "En todas partes se cuecen habas") Here in Argentina there are innumerable delicious sweet things, we diabetics should be cautious about that.


I'll remember that phrase.

L
xeromz (author)  lemonie4 years ago
I totally put your answer in there

"For those without diabetes - you may want to take some of the advice on this Instructable."

you can avoid diabetes by following these tips.
Exercise (step 2) and eating well (step 3)


rimar20004 years ago
Physical exercise is undoubtedly the best way to lower blood glucose. I normally I have 120, but when I do half an hour of cycling (at a good rate) I have 74.

Another thing to consider is not stuffing the stomach with food, but feed the hungry and nothing else. Especially when you mix proteins, fats and carbohydrates.