Introduction: How to Pan for Gold

Picture of How to Pan for Gold
As if I needed yet another hobby, I got interested in gold prospecting several years ago. My travels around the West often took me to old mining towns and mine sites where the pioneers had made a living by pulling the yellow stuff out of the ground. Eventually I got the bug too. Gold fever is a terrible thing. There is no known cure. It leads you to work harder on your vacations than you do in your normal working life, and all you have to show for is a little dirty, yellow metal.

The principal behind gold panning is really simple. Gold is heavy. Just about everything else is lighter. If you load a pie-pan shaped container with gold-bearing gravel and sand, proper agitation in water should cause the gold to sink to the bottom, while washing away the lighter stuff that rises to the top. Eventually, all that is left in your pan is the heaviest minerals, including (hopefully) some gold. It really is about that simple. Of course there is more to the story than that.

More photos and details can be found on my web site at

Step 1: Equipment Needed for Gold Paning

Picture of Equipment Needed for Gold Paning

First off, you are going to need some equipment. This photo shows about the bare minimum of equipment you need to be a successful gold panner. I bought a lot of my equipment on Ebay. The rest came from the hardware store. None of it is difficult to find or terribly expensive.

Start with the water-proof boots. Gold panning is done in the water, usually icy cold mountain streams. You'll want to keep your feet dry. Some nice warm socks (maybe a couple of pairs) also helps to keep your feet warm in that cold water.

The green thing is the gold pan. There are lots of different types of gold pans. They all work. so don't spend too much time obsessing over getting just the right kind of pan. I buy my gold pans on Ebay since there is nobody near me that stocks them, and it is usually the cheapest place to buy them.

Inside the gold pan is the sniffer bottle. It is used for sucking up little bits of gold out of your pan. More on that later.

The purple thing is a classifier, also known as a sieve or strainer. It is really optional, but I find it to be a great help. I'll talk about why later.

Next, you need some digging tools. A full-size pointed shovel will be real useful (remember what I said about this being hard work?). You'll also want a smaller spade and either an old screwdriver or some other skinny tool for cleaning out small cracks and crevasses in the rocks.

The small white plastic pail is used for collecting concentrates. You can use just about any sort of container for that. More on why this is important later.

Big five gallon buckets come in handy for lots of things. I usually carry several. You can pack a lot of the other equipment in them along with some water bottles and other supplies, and carry it all down to the creek. Once there, a bucket makes handy stool to sit on in the creek to do your panning and another serves to carry your paydirt from where you are digging it to where you are panning it.

Other nice to have accessories are gloves. A nice pair of rugged leather gloves to protect your hands from blisters while working the shovel and protect from cuts and scrapes while digging out cracks and crevasses with the smaller digging tools. Also a pair of rubber gloves to protect your hands from the cold water while panning. Also, a pair of tweezers to pick the larger bits of gold "pickers" out of your gold pan, and a glass or plastic bottle to put them in will come in real handy.

Naturally you'll want to take all the usual stuff you would take for any outdoor adventure in the wilderness. Things like a first aide kit, warm clothes, drinking water, mosquito repellent, sunscreen, etc.

Step 2: Find a Place to Go Gold Panning

Picture of Find a Place to Go Gold Panning

The next thing you are going to need is a stream to pan in. You'll want to pick one that has a history of producing placer gold. You can strike out on your own and prospect streams that haven't been mined in the past, but odds are you won't find any undiscovered gold deposits. At one time or another, every stream, river, creek, and beach in North America has been test panned by prospectors. So odds are, you won't find anything new. Going where gold has been found in the past is your best bet. Besides, over time, more gold weathers out of the bedrock and gets carried down into the same creeks and streams that have been mined in the past. Every rainstorm deposits more gold in the stream beds. So don't worry that all the gold has been mined out.

If the stream isn't on public land, get permission from the owner first, or move on. Nobody likes trespassers. If the stream is on public land, make sure there isn't an active mining claim in the area where you want to do your panning. Also check with the agency that manages the land the stream is on. They may have restrictions on what sorts of activities are allowed there. If it is a designated wilderness area, then you probably aren't allowed to do any prospecting there. Even if prospecting and recreational mining activities are allowed on the land, there may be restrictions on where you can do it and what sort of equipment is allowed.

This photo shows my favorite little secret place to pan for gold. I'm not going to tell you where it is because I like the fact that it isn't very crowded. I will tell you what makes it such a good spot though. Not a lot of people know about it. It is on public land where recreational mining and prospecting is allowed. It has a history of producing lots of gold. It is not hard to get to. It is just far enough off the beaten path that most people miss it, even though the general area is overrun with people most weekends during the summer.

I usually go panning here in the late spring. The floods from winter storms and the early spring snow melt wash fresh gold into the stream every year. By late spring the water level is down and it has warmed up enough that the water is ice free (but still really cold). By summer though, this stream is usually bone dry. You can't pan without water.

Step 3: Digging the Paydirt

Picture of Digging the Paydirt

Once you've found your perfect stream, you need to find a place to pan and places to dig. They almost certainly won't be terribly close to each other (remember about the exercise I mentioned?). A good place to pan is an area of the stream where the water is deep enough to completely submerge your pan, and has enough water flow to keep the water clear so you can see what you are doing. If the current is too strong though, you will find it difficult to work the pan.

Where to dig? Gold is heavy. It is a lot heavier than most of the other rocks and minerals in the stream. It takes a lot of force from the moving water to keep gold suspended in the water and move it along the stream bed. So anywhere the water slows down is where the heaviest stuff suspended in the water is most likely to settle out. The inside of bends is one place. Water flowing down a stream moves slower on the inside of a bend and faster on the outside. So heavy material is more likely to settle out on the inside of bends. Also, anything that disrupts the flow of the stream, like a big rock, will create eddies behind it where heavy material will settle out. Dig behind and under big rocks. Also, any cracks or crevasses in the rocks are likely to catch gold. Gold will fall into the cracks but be too heavy for the current to wash it out again. Gold, being so heavy, tends to always sink as low as it can in the stream bed. So digging down in the stream bed to solid and impervious bedrock is often a good way to find the gold. Just keep these thoughts in mind as you hit the stream.

More info on gold prospecting can be found on my web site at

Step 4: Classify Your Paydirt

Picture of Classify Your Paydirt

Once you've found a likely spot to dig your "pay dirt", go ahead and start digging. This photo shows my classifier sitting on top of my gold pan. I have filled the classifier with material dug out from behind a big rock in the stream bed. The classifier really just strains out the bigger rocks. Classifiers come in lots of different mesh sizes. This one is 1/2 inch mesh, meaning that it will screen out anything larger than 1/2 inch. It's not absolutely necessary to use a classifier, but it does help a lot by keeping big junk rocks out of your pan and just letting through the smaller material more likely to contain gold. I do my classifying under water. I submerge the pan and classifier in the stream and shake and rotate the classifier over the gold pan which allows all the smaller material to fall through into the pan. The big junk rocks are retained in the classifier and can be discarded.

The second photo was taken after classifying. Now the gold pan only contains the smaller gravel and dirt. The big rocks are retained in the classifier.

One way to make life easier is to take the 5 gallon bucket and classifier to where you are digging. This kind of classifier is designed to fit on top of a 5 gallon bucket. You can classify your material into the bucket as you dig it and only carry the classified material to where you are doing the panning. That way you don't have to waste a lot of effort hauling the big junk rocks over there. Then you can take a break from digging, sit down, and pan out your bucket load of "pay dirt". To make classifying into the bucket easier, fill the bucket to the top with water. Classifying is easier in water. Wet dirt is real heavy though. So don't over-fill the bucket and dump out the excess water before hauling it to your panning site, or you will tire out fast and be really sore the next day. When these photos were taken, I just happened to be digging an area right next to where I was panning, so I classified directly into my pan.

Every source on panning I have ever seen has warned of the possibility of throwing away a big gold nugget with the rocks in your classifier. They all recommend sorting through and carefully examining the contents of the classifier rather than just tossing them away. I think the odds of tossing out a nugget too big to fit through my 1/2 inch classifier are astronomically low. So I don't waste a lot of time sorting through the junk that comes out of my classifier. I just pile it all up in a couple of spots and take the short-cut of running my metal detector over the piles at the end of the day, just to be sure. So far no big nuggets. But the day I don't double check will probably be the day one is there.

Step 5: Pan Out Your Paydirt and Recover the Gold

Picture of Pan Out Your Paydirt and Recover the Gold

I'm not going to go into a lot of detail about how to pan your "pay dirt" down to get to the gold. There are thousands of books, videos and web sites that cover how to work the pan. I studied many different sources, read books, watched videos and read web sites on the subject in hopes of learning how to do it. Problem was, all the experts on the subject had different ways of doing it, which just confused the hell out of me. I found that panning is something you really can only learn by doing. After I actually tried it for real, I developed my own way of doing it that was different from any of the sources I studied, but seems to work just as well. After you try it for a while, no doubt you will develop your own technique that works best for you. So I'm just going to give you some general advice and pointers. Once you start actually trying to pan, you will figure it out quite quickly on your own. This ain't rocket science, folks.

The basic idea is to agitate the material in the pan in water so as to stratify it with the heaviest stuff at the bottom and the lightest stuff at the top. Then you want to move the pan so that the water washes the lighter stuff on top out of the pan. Be careful not to pour material out of the pan, or you will lose gold. Periodically you will want to stop washing and re-stratify the material with more agitation. You want to make sure the gold is always at the bottom of the pan.

In the end, all you want left in the pan is heavy black sand and (hopefully) some gold. The second photo shows the results of panning down a nearly full pan of dirt and gravel to just black sand and gold. If this is what you see in the bottom of your gold pan, then you are doing it right.

The really tricky part of gold panning is separating the little bits and flakes of gold from the black sand. With a little practice, you will get the hang of swirling the black sand around the inside of the pan and concentrating the gold at the edge. If you are lucky, there will be a few bits of gold big enough to pick out with tweezers. I tweeze out these "pickers" and put them in my gold vial. The next photo shows a few "pickers" in my pan, along with a borderline nugget sized bit of gold. For the numerous smaller flakes of gold too tiny to pick out with tweezers, I use the sniffer bottle. Just suck up as many of the little shiny bits of gold as you can, while trying to get as little of the black sand as possible. Sometimes I use my finger to push the little bits of gold together into one spot, out of the bulk of the black sand mass, before sucking them up with the sniffer bottle.

There is still gold in that black sand. So don't discard it. After you get all the easy to remove gold out of it, dump the black sand in your concenrates pail. Then you are ready to load up the gold pan with more paydirt and pan some more.

Step 6: Pan Out Your Concentrates

Picture of Pan Out Your Concentrates

Further panning of the black sand to get rid of the bulk of it will reveal still more gold you didn't notice before, sometimes surprisingly big bits that somehow escaped your notice. I don't bother with panning the black sand while I'm on the creek. I dump my black sand "concentrates" into a little pail and bring them home with me. Since I only get to do prospecting while I'm on my vacations, (there's no gold here in Florida), and since vacations are short, I try to make best use of my time in the field. The best use of my time is finding still more gold. So I don't waste too much time trying to extract every last bit of gold from each pan full. I just save the black sands left over in each pan and bring it home with me. Then I can pan them out at my leisure at home and extract every last bit of gold, without any time pressure. It's good fun on a lazy Sunday afternoon, and a great way to relive memories of a great vacation.

This photo shows me panning out the black sands at home after returning home from Arizona. I pan them a few teaspoons at a time in a tub of water. I use a second pan in the bottom of the tub to catch the sand so I can pan through it several times and get out every bit of gold. My gold pan has riffles cast into one side of it which is very handy for this final stage of panning since they are really good at catching gold. They aren't absolutely necessary though. With care and practice, you could do it with any kind of pan. Once I get rid of the bulk of the black sand by careful panning, I use a powerful magnet inside a plastic bag to get the rest of the black sand out of the pan. Black sand is mostly magnetite, an iron mineral that is magnetic, so it will be attracted to a magnet. The magnet from a large speaker or from an old hard drive works well for this. Just remember to always use it wrapped in a plastic bag. Otherwise you will never be able to get the black sand unstuck from it. Once there is almost nothing but gold left in the pan, I suck it up with the sniffer bottle. Several times I have been surprised to find fairly large "pickers" in the pan that I somehow missed in the field. There will always be lots of little tiny bits of gold too. I always pan through the black sand several times until no more gold shows up. Panning into a second "safety pan" makes it easy to re-pan the concentrates as many times as you want to.

Step 7: Clean Out Your Snuffer Bottle and Enjoy Your Gold

Picture of Clean Out Your Snuffer Bottle and Enjoy Your Gold

Once I have extracted all the gold I can from the black sand, it's time to clean up the contents of my sniffer bottle. I clean out my pan and then dump the contents of the sniffer bottle into it. I then again use the magnet to separate out the black sand that got sucked up with the gold. Then I suck the now clean gold back into the sniffer bottle and transfer it to a storage vial. The first photo shows one of my gold vials containing all the pickers, flakes and dust found from only one morning out on my secret little panning creek. Not bad for a morning's work. Ok, so I'm not getting rich, but I am having a lot of fun. It's also good exercise. And the gold adds up over time. With gold around $900 an ounce, it really starts adding up.

Give gold panning a try. I'll bet you'll have lots of fun doing too.

More information on gold panning and prospecting can be found on my web site at

Step 8: Update: Selling Your Gold

Picture of Update: Selling Your Gold

I recently sold some of my accumulated gold. First I looked into various ways of selling it. Taking it to a jewelry store is one way. Many of them buy gold. The price they buy it at though is way below market value. I looked at eBay. Lots of people sell gold nuggets on bay, and get decent prices for them. I also looked into selling at one of my local auction houses. One local auction house sells a lot of expensive gold coins and jewelry every week. I decided to go with the auction house for my initial sale.

I couldn't stand to part with all my hard won gold. I kept some for the souvenir value and as a reminder of all the neat places I had gone and all the hard work I put in to mine it. The rest I carefully weighed up. It came to 6.1 grams of nuggets, flakes and dust. I sealed it in a new plastic vial and wrote up a little description of the contents. Then I consigned it to the auction house.

Just before the auction, the price of gold shot back up to about $900 per ounce. I was thrilled. The vial of gold sold for $150 at the auction. a little below market price, but then again, it wasn't pure gold. It was raw, unrefined gold with impurities.

The auctioneer takes a percentage off the top. This varies from auction house to auction house. You may want to shop around for the best deal if you go the auction rout for selling your gold. However, not all auction houses may get a crowd that that is interested in buying gold nuggets. I went with an auctioneer that regularly sells gold, and has a regular crowd of gold buyers, even though the auctioneer's fee was not the lowest around.

In the future, I may try selling my largest nuggets separately on eBay. Nuggets seem to go for a premium price there. Then I'll sell the rest of the flakes and dust at auction.

Now that I am making money at this, I guess I have lost my amateur status. Now I can call myself a professional gold miner. I can't wait to get out and find more gold.


Cagri Kanver (author)2017-04-18

Impressive video to generate income..

kekker70 (author)2016-10-07

At $900 an oz. that must have been a while back as it is $1345.00 now.

I had an idea that the least gone over area's for gold are where there is NO Water. So, I came up with my own Sluice box, fully self contained. I like arroyos/ a dry river type bed, they only get water when a lot of rain washes down from the hill's and mountains bringing Heavy Metal with it. My Sluice works by reusing the water over & over, I have used it Two Week's and not ran out. think about making something like this and build one.

LandonSalvador (author)2016-09-27

wow its new way for earning money ....

KellyKandy (author)2015-05-13

Excellent ideas here, well done

shabbokamli (author)2015-04-27

supperrbb Idea

Barbara Pevafersa (author)2015-03-18

Great plan, do you know of any gold places in the UK?

you gotaa look for them

sarahhanahghan (author)2015-04-01

great advice

boom man56 (author)2012-12-26

Where do I get the sand?

I am also have same problem with you. I can't find that sand.

Curated Quotes (author)2014-11-29

Is this still a viable option to make some dough? Where in the US is there still gold to be had?

Hi Curated Quotes. I can't give you a detailed answer to your question because I have no experience and I don't live in the States. But panning for gold is very popular right now and I hear people are finding lots of it.

As for making some dough, you won't likely find enough to get rich, so don't quit your day job. But you might make a couple hundred bucks now and then.

As for where to find gold, your best bet is to go where the gold is. Like the author of this Instructable said, find a place that has a history of producing "placer gold". The most gold is still found where it always has been, since the gold rush days. Do an Internet search for "gold panning in_____", whatever place you want to go, and see what turns up. Also, look for local clubs, or check with the geology department at a nearby college maybe.... Again, I don't live in the States so I really don't know how things work there. Just be mindful of your local laws and make sure you don't trespass or start digging on land you aren't allowed to dig on. Also, there may be limits on how much you are allowed to mine without a permit, and restrictions regarding environmental impact in certain areas.

ThisIsMyNameOK (author)2014-12-10

Great info, thanks for sharing. It definitely sounds like hard work, something I am allergic to, but might be willing to endure if I knew it would pay off. I am too far away from any good prospecting areas to make it worthwhile at the moment. Also, it is prohibited by law here to sell anything you find if you are just doing it as a hobby (here being Ontario, Canada).

I was just doing some research because my husband has been watching "Gold Rush" on TV and has a slight case of gold fever at the moment. I thought it might be fun to go out panning sometime. And also a good way to cure him of the fever. Once he sees how much work it takes to get a few little specks of gold, he won't be so interested anymore.

Gutterclean (author)2014-09-06

Wow, awesome.

danmellow (author)2014-08-28

very nice collection :-)

CxXxC (author)2010-07-04

I have a question I live by an old mine tailings and wonder ing ig there would be any gold in there

dmarkcarpenter (author)CxXxC2014-06-04

Metal detect, use a garden rake, pull down an inch or so and run your detector over it. Also pan washes leading away from tailings piles. Floating dredge tailings lost small gold but also lost big nuggets due to the size classifications they were after. Mine tailings could be rock piles waiting to be run through the stamp mill. I know where a huge pile of quartz rocks is in the woods that assey's at a 1/4 ounce per ton. A rock crusher can make you some gold in such a situation.

thepelton (author)CxXxC2010-07-10

Probably, but not guaranteed. The old miners 150 years ago were more interested in the individual nuggets (2mm or larger) than in the dust, and would pass up or even throw away stuff we would love to get today. You would probably be finding gold dust.

snoopindaweb (author)CxXxC2010-07-04

=///////===============> - How much can You buy an Ol' Huntin' Rifle for...HAR.!

CxXxC (author)snoopindaweb2010-07-04

What that doesn't make sence

snoopindaweb (author)CxXxC2010-07-06

You can only find in those old Tailings ==> "Whatever You can Get" > = FIND..?.! An OLD Saying. I've looked at those Old Tailings too, didn't have the "time".. tho. A company did go thru the Gold Tailings of a played out mine just out of town here, It kept a crew with machenery, Back Hoe, "Sluce Mill", Etc, at work for a couple years or so. In the 70's. The Brook Trout tasted fine all the while, and still do.

Foxtrot70 (author)CxXxC2010-07-05

I would think the tailings would have some product in it as to how much is another question should be more than chancing shovel fulls of dirt from a stream. The problem(s) I see might be: securing permissions to gain entry to the property, what percentage, if any, the land owner would expect; liability insurance, etc. Don't mean to throw a damper on things just some items for thought.

woody558 (author)2011-10-02

Besides the ridges, the pan looks just like a plate. Would it be possible to pan for gold with a plate or maybe even a pie tin???

dmarkcarpenter (author)woody5582014-06-04

The 49er's had no riffles. Supposedly Chines miners beat riffles into theirs . My first gold pan was a wok. In South America they carve pans from wood with no riffles. They call them batea's.(floating wood is a good idea) Gold pans are cheap and easy to find today. I saw some the other day at Cabella's store. Ebay,Keene engineering and GPAA are some online sources. My favorite pan is the Keene SP14. I never liked classifiers. Too much to carry when "suspecting or gold". (Big ten) makes great maps to put you on the gold. You will find gold with a pie tin if it's there.

knexinventer (author)2012-10-29

this wont get you much because most of the gold on the surface was grabbed during the gold rush

I have over 20 years experience prospecting and mining. Only a fraction of the gold on the surface has been gotten. And more washes out of the Earth every day.
The "gold rushes" were a funny thing. They boomed up and quickly died out as rumors of new richer ground came up. The East coast stopped mining gold during the Civil war after free slave labor ended. Then mining picked up after the great depression. Only to be stopped by WW II by law and loss of workers. The price of gold prevented another "gold rush" until recently when gold shot to 1800 an ounce.
I can go right now and pan a nugget or 2 in a few minutes at a creek that has been heavily mined. I could dredge an ounce in a week from this same played out creek.
There's plenty of gold still out there. And very few willing to work to recover it.

elkhuntr (author)knexinventer2013-07-26

not true gold resurculates and there is just as much gold on the surface now then there was in the gold rush

knexinventer (author)elkhuntr2013-07-26

that is true

dmarkcarpenter (author)2014-06-04

Thanks for the post. Gold prospecting is the best hobby I ever had. (I've had plenty) When roaming around looking for the best color I'd carry only my SP14 gold pan, a pointed shovel and a sucker or snuffer bottle with a string tied around it so it hangs just below mid chest.
I'd move quick sampling every place that looked good. Some of my best gold was found where there shouldn't be any. (rivers shift course) Make sure to get to thick clay and gravel. But break up the clay well. (grey or blue clay in my area is best)
Some say the surface gold is gone. This is a myth. over 80% of it remains undiscovered and replenishing areas previously thought to be played out.
It's hard work. But if you like fishing, you'll love gold prospecting. (Don't ignore the treasure found in swimming holes either.) Good luck and God bless.

AlternateLives (author)2012-08-28

Sorry if I'm resurrecting a dead thread, but how would you fare selling the native gold on the scrap market?

Schmidty16 (author)2012-08-20

sluicin gis easier

Schmidty16 (author)2012-08-20

there need to be more prospectors on here

Aerospaceman (author)2009-03-30

The one thing you'll learn about panning for gold is once you start it's hard to quit. I have found it to be relaxing and a definite escape from hustle and bustle of the concrete work world where all your stress resides. Take your family and enjoy the outdoors as we have somehow forgotten our roots. We began in the wild and to the wild we should return if only to help repair the damage we have done over time. Speaking of damage, when you do visit the outdoors always leave it cleaner than when you first arrived, everyone will appreciate it a lot more when they visit. When you begin as a novice, you can pick up tips from everyone and believe me everyone will happily tell you their way and there are many ways to accomplish the same task, get gold. By the way...less than 10% of all the gold on earth has been recovered so a LOT is still out there waiting you to find it and catch more of the gold fever! There is a wide variety of equipment to assist the modern day gold panner or 49'er such as pans with and without riffles. Pans that have built in concentrators, pans that are round, triangular, octoganal, metal, and plastic. Each pan must be cured before its use to reduce surface tension. You can use shovels, pick axes, suckers, there is a lot of specialized gear to use depending upon the situation. Concentrates for example can be recovered using all kinds of tools and techniques. If the idea of going out gold panning doesn't get you...the price of gold is over $900 an ounce. So if by chance you just get beginners luck and end up with a gold nugget near an ounce...that's a pretty good days work versus what you would have to do all week long at work. There are many benefits to gold panning of which the biggest is bringing the family together to have fun.

moreforles (author)Aerospaceman2012-05-28

and also to you list of items... add a couple more empty buckets, they're not heavy and having an extra one either to sit on, carry other items, concentrates, trash collected and cleaned from the water/gravel/dirt, like lead sinkers, bullets, broken glass, plastic and rusty metal... not only helps the environment, but could also be worth a little money from recycling it.

moreforles (author)Aerospaceman2012-05-28

about collecting concentrates to pan out later, another reason to work that way, is all the changes the government is trying to make about prospecting and being in the out doors in general. They're trying to make it more difficult and even illegal to prospect, So the less time your out there, the less time you have for a run in with egg headed eviromentalist or law enforcent, rangers or even fish and game officials, which have nothing to do with mining or even access to public lands.

moreforles (author)2008-12-19

While not an expert in any way shape or form, one thing I can suggest about prospecting is.... While out in gold bearing areas, process all the material you can, pan down to when you see mostly black sand, the empty your pan into a bucket, and finish panning it when you get back home and have more time. In theory, the more material you go through, the more gold your likely to find. If you don't happen to live near a gold rich area, in fact even if you do, gather all the concentrate you can. It doesn't matter if your using a gold pan, sluice box, high banker, trommel, dredge or metal detector, gather all the material you can while your out there.... And when at home or else where doing your finish panning, pan into a tub, save your concentrates, go through them again when your bored, there's a lot of gold still in it, even after you don't see it in your pan. Plus the black sand can be worth something in itself, from landscaping, shadow boxes, black sand hour glasses...etc. Also after the items already shown the next item you might want to add to your tools, is a metal detector, even a cheap one is better than none at all. but spend as much as you can afford, you can always get another, but if you get a decent one to start with, you can get a lot of use from it before you need to replace it. As for which one to get, I'm still wondering that myself.

aristide202 (author)moreforles2012-05-28

I'm not an expert neither but I completely agree , no one would sleep that night thinking of gold gone back in the river while panning . The biggest part of the whole process is to find the spot and get rid of boulders, roots and gravel, wash away dirt and see the black magnetite and and red garnets concentrating . A good magnet, may be from an old hard disk, in some kind a plastic box will help quick checking for magnetite and get rid of it after. Anyway I keep that stuff because I want to melt it some day in some thermite mix Magnetite as garnet is just quite heavy that's all , you're not looking for iron ore but black sand is a good signal indeed in most areas. I suggest a high power goldsmith lens and a low power pocket microscope to examine very thin sediments and whatever.

Aron313 (author)2012-03-31

Where do you live that you are getting the gold?

tnt.thomas (author)2010-07-04

No one worried about the environmental damage caused by panners going too far, adding silt to rivers? Hmmm, if I put up an 'ible about hunting I'd get run out on a rail. But silting up rivers, no big. Food for thought. Oh bit offended by flaming owl pic for a Canadian... I am Canadian... with lego robot as my pic. Should it be Molsons??? Pffft!

tnt.thomas (author)tnt.thomas2011-02-23

I am reading "The Forgotten North" by Coates and Morrison. Good example on a grand scale of how our mindset creates bias and suddenly if it is our behaviour, it is fine.

sokamiwohali (author)tnt.thomas2012-02-12

the amount of silt associated with this small scale of panning for gold is rediculously minute compared to other means of silt making its way down the river...such as surges from rain and snow (if applicable)

ilike2make (author)tnt.thomas2011-02-23

Or at least a beaver

snoopindaweb (author)tnt.thomas2010-07-04

=///////===============> - How many feet do You think it takes for the silt to settle...? ==> ogPanning isn't Hydrolyic or something, Huggies.! G-G

jsean (author)2011-10-18

A video from Mama's Minerals

How to Pan For Gold - courtesy of Mama's Minerals and

Lots of great info & sells panning and prospecting equipment and sand with gold in it. Enjoy!

jhonny (author)2009-08-03

Is it better if the pan has more ridges?

thepelton (author)jhonny2011-08-04

A pan with ridges will help you get more gold out, but you can still do it with a plain smooth sided pan. I think it is best to learn with a smooth sided pan, because you may not always have the tools you wish to have. I have actually successfully panned for gold with a Frisbee. Yes, I said Frisbee.

LoveandTrash (author)2011-02-21

Hey, we're running a contest and your skills look like they could make you a contender for the prize...

I_am_Canadian (author)2008-10-01

Here are pictures of the only place I think there may be gold. What do you think?

I don't know about gold, but these pictures sure show beautiful country ! …

Welcome to Canada :-)

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