Introduction: Humidity and Temperature Measurement Using HIH6130 and Arduino Nano

HIH6130 is a humidity and temperature sensor with digital output. These sensors provide an accuracy level of ±4% RH. With industry-leading long-term stability, true temperature-compensated digital I2C, Industry-leading reliability, Energy efficiency and Ultra-small package size and options.

In this tutorial the interfacing of the HIH6130 sensor module with arduino nano has been illustrated. To read the temperature and humidity values, we have used arduino with an I2c adapter.This I2C adapter makes the connection to the sensor module easy and more reliable.

Step 1: Hardware Required:

Picture of Hardware Required:

The materials that we need for accomplishing our goal includes the following hardware components:

1. HIH6130

2. Arduino nano

3. I2C Cable

4. I2C Shield for arduino nano

Step 2: Hardware Hookup:

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The hardware hookup section basically explains the wiring connections required between the sensor and the arduino nano. Ensuring correct connections is the basic necessity while working on any system for the desired output. So, the requisite connections are as follows:

The HIH6130 will work over I2C . Here is the example wiring diagram, demonstrating how to wire up each interface of the sensor.

Out-of-the-box, the board is configured for an I2C interface, as such we recommend using this hookup if you’re otherwise agnostic.

All you need is four wires! Only four connections are required Vcc, Gnd, SCL and SDA pins and these are connected with the help of I2C cable.

These connections are demonstrated in the pictures above.

Step 3: Code for Humidity and Temperature Measurement:

Picture of Code for Humidity and Temperature Measurement:

Lets start with the arduino code now.

While using the sensor module with the arduino, we include Wire.h library. "Wire" library contains the functions which facilitate the i2c communication between the sensor and the arduino board.

The entire arduino code is given below for the convenience of the user:

#include<Wire.h>

// HIH6130 I2C address is 0x27(39)

#define Addr 0x27

void setup()

{

// Initialise I2C communication as MASTER

Wire.begin();

// Initialise serial communication, set baud rate = 9600

Serial.begin(9600);

delay(300);

} void loop()

{

unsigned int data[4];

// Start I2C Transmission

Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);

// Select data register

Wire.write(0x00);

// Stop I2C Transmission

Wire.endTransmission();

// Request 4 bytes of data

Wire.requestFrom(Addr, 4);

// Read 4 bytes of data

// humidity msb, humidity lsb, temp msb, temp lsb

if (Wire.available() == 4)

{

data[0] = Wire.read();

data[1] = Wire.read();

data[2] = Wire.read();

data[3] = Wire.read();

}

// Convert the data to 14-bits

float humidity = ((((data[0] & 0x3F) * 256) + data[1]) * 100.0) / 16383.0;

int temp = ((data[2] * 256) + (data[3] & 0xFC)) / 4;

float cTemp = (temp / 16384.0) * 165.0 - 40.0;

float fTemp = cTemp * 1.8 + 32;

// Output data to serial monitor

Serial.print("Relative Humidity :");

Serial.print(humidity);

Serial.println(" %RH");

Serial.print("Temperature in Celsius :");

Serial.print(cTemp);

Serial.println(" C");

Serial.print("Temperature in Fahrenheit :");

Serial.print(fTemp);

Serial.println(" F");

delay(500);

}

In wire library Wire.write() and Wire.read() is used to write the commands and read the sensor output.

Serial.print() and Serial.println() is used to display the output of the sensor on the serial monitor of the Arduino IDE.

The output of the sensor is shown in the picture above.

Step 4: Applications:

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HIH6130 can be used to provide precise relative humidity and temperature measurement in air conditioners, enthalpy sensing, thermostats, humidifiers/de-humidifiers, and humidistats to maintain occupant comfort. It can also be employed in air compressors, weather stations and telecom cabinets.

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