Introduction: Hummingbird Shooter

Picture of Hummingbird Shooter

Late this summer, hummingbirds finally began visiting the feeder we'd put up on our back porch. I wanted to try and get some digital shots of them, but couldn't stand there with a camera "in range"--they'd never come.

I needed a remote cable release so I could set the camera up on a tripod, aim it at the hummingbird feeder, and release the shutter from a distance away. Problem is, my camera, like most digital snapshooters, isn't equipped for remote shutter release.

Although an earlier instructible had a great hack for opening up the camera and tapping into its electronics, I didn't want to permanently modify my camera, and wasn't sure I would be able to do the surgery without damaging something.

So after some thought, I designed this simple fixture using low-tech parts readily available for $10 or less that allows you to leave your camera intact, but still allows you to "sneak" up on wildlife, have camera on elevated position, and other remote-shutter release situations.

Step 1: Design the Frame

Picture of Design the Frame

The Hummingbird Shooter is basically a wooden frame that closely fits the camera body, that allows the piston of an "old fashioned" bulb release to be positioned over the shutter button of the camera.

I originally planned to have some sharp-pointed screws driven in toward the camera, which I planned to lightly tighten to hold the frame in place, but while building the device, thought of a better way. (more about that later)

My camera, a Canon Powershot A75, has no provision for remote releases, only the finger button in the center foreground of the photo below.

The first step was to measure how high and wide the camera was at the end where the shutter button was. Because of the "sculpted" shape of the camera body, there were a lot of humps curves, and other non-linear dimensions to contend with, so I just cut the wood pieces --1 inch wide pieces of 1/2 inch plywood to rough dimensions to start.

I also had to make note of where the various controls, sensors, etc. were located to be sure my frame would not interfere with them.

Step 2: Carve Out Wood Pieces to Fit the Camera Humps, Bumps, Etc.

Picture of Carve Out Wood Pieces to Fit the Camera Humps, Bumps, Etc.

Using an electric drill with various size paddle bits, a utility knife, and a chisel, I carefully cut and fit, by trial and error, the 3 wooden pieces to fit the camera closely, so it would "hug" the frame, but still clear the raised areas around the shutter button, zoom lever (that's the slot at the top left inside the frame).

I also made a larger hole, exactly centered over the shutter release button, where the air piston would go.

Step 3: Back of the Frame, Showing Clearance Drilled for Rear Controls of the Camera

Picture of Back of the Frame, Showing Clearance Drilled for Rear Controls of the Camera

Once the top piece of the frame was carved out so it fit the body snugly, without interfering with controls, I could determine how long the front and back pieces needed to be, and cut them to exact length.

This view shows the cutout I made to clear the controls on the back of the camera.

When all 3 pieces are carved for good fit, glue them together with carpenter's wood glue.

Step 4: The Heart of the Release

Picture of The Heart of the Release

The heart of this project is called a remote bulb release, or an air release. Most 35mm SLR's and more "serious" film cameras' shutter release buttons were drilled and tapped for cable release mechanisms, which could be screwed into the hole, and used to trip the shutter.

The mechanism shown here, uses that feature--it consists of simply a rubber bulb, about 20 feet of air-tight rubber hose, and a piston assembly on the other end. The piston mechanism is fitted with the same threads and release pin that cable releases were, so that when the bulb is squeezed, the pin extends from the piston housing, triggering the shutter. (In this photo, the bulb is squeezed, and the pin is extended from the piston housing--a little hard to see, though)

These are common on e-bay for around $5 plus shipping.

Although most digital cameras don't have the drilled and tapped hole, I reasoned that the piston exerts enough force to press the release button, if the piston/pin could be mounted directly over the shutter button, and that's how this project works.

Next step is to fabricate a mechanism to align the piston/pin directly over the shutter button.

Step 5: Fabricate the Piston Mounting Plate

Picture of Fabricate the Piston Mounting Plate

I could have just drilled a hole through the wood frame extending down to the shutter release, but realized if I didn't drill exactly right, the piston pin might not be exactly centered on the rounded top of the camera's release button, and might not trigger it.

So I drilled a larger hole in the wood with a paddle bit ( one-half inch), and mounted a small sheet metal plate, with the piston assembly mounted to it, over the hole. This allowed me to position the metal plate so the pin was exactly centered over the hole. As a side benefit, I realized that the axis of the button is not straight up and down, but is angled slightly forward--using the sheet metal allowed me to slightly bend the plate so the axis of the piston and pin exactly matches the axis of the shutter button.

The plate is simply a piece of galvanized sheet metal (flashing or HVAC material), acout 1 inch square, with 4 small mounting holes drilled in each corner for mounting screws, and the center drilled and tapped for the piston assembly's threaded end.

Step 6: Drill the Piston Mounting Plate

Picture of Drill the Piston Mounting Plate

Note that the piston assembly's thread is a tapered thread. Carefully select a drill bit that is approximately the same diameter as half way up the tapered section.

Mark the center of the plate, center punch it to keep the bit from "wandering" and drill the hole in the center of the plate.

CAUTION ! Whenever drilling sheet metal, there is a tendency for the bit to "grab" the sheet metal from your grasp, making a wicked rotary knife that can slice you up pretty good. Use pliers or a vice to grasp the sheet metal whenever drilling.

Step 7: Tep the Piston Mounting Plate and Drill Corner Mounting Holes

Picture of Tep the Piston Mounting Plate and Drill Corner Mounting Holes

Although the piston assembly's threads are tapered, I found a 6-32 threading tap worked fine in the sheet metal. This may be different for other pistons, I don't know. Also, you may not need to tap the hole, the tapered threads may be "self-tapping" enough to hold themselves in place. If your camera needs more force to press the shutter buttons, however, the piston may rip loose from the threads if they're not tapped. If this happens, you can buy cheap imported taps very inexpensively, and they'll be fine for light projects like this.

Select a drill bit that's a little large in diameter than the mounting screws you'll be using. ( I used # 4 or #6 screws, 1/4 inch long). Using pliers or a vice to hold the plate, drill the corner mounting holes.

Carefully file and sand the edges of the metal plate when finished to avoid sharp edges or burrs that can cut or scratch you.

Step 8: Mount the Piston Plate to the Frame

Picture of Mount the Piston Plate to the Frame

Position the camera in the frame, with the shutter release hole centered over the camera's shutter release button. Carefully position the plate with the piston mounted, exactly over the center of the hole, so the piston will be centered over the shutter release button. Mark the plate's four corner mounting holes in the wood, drill pilot holes, and screw the plate in position.

It should look like this photo when complete.

Step 9: The Bottom Mounting Plate

Picture of The Bottom Mounting Plate

As I said, my original idea was to use a totally wood frame with wood screws poking through it to secure the frame to the camera. I never liked the idea very much, and was pleased to come up with this idea instead.

Because the camera would always be on a tripod when being used with the Hummingbird Shooter, I realized I could use a sheet metal plate for the bottom of the frame, sandwiched between the camera and the tripod's mounting platform. When the tripod screw is tightened, this secures the camera, Hummingbird Shooter, and tripod into one solid, secure unit !

Lay out the T-shaped bottom plate by setting the wooden frame over the camera, carefully positioned so the piston is in its proper location. Use a Sharpie or other marker to mark around the frame and the camera, and use tin snips to cut the rough shape out to fit the frame and camera as shown. File and sand the sharp edges of the sheet metal.

Locate and drill the holes in the plate for mounting to the wood frame. Be careful to locate the screws so they won't interfere with your tripod's mounting platform. Locate and drill the mounting holes in the wood frame and screw the plate to the frame.

I used a combination of marks on masking tape stuck to the sides of my camera, and measurements to try and locate the bottom hole. As you can see from the photo, I didn't get it exactly right, and had to enlarge the hole. Fortunately, the location of the hole isn't exactly critical, although it would be nice to be spot-on, it is the pressure of being sandwiched between the tripod and camera that holds the plate in place. The important thing is, of course, that the frame of the Hummingbird Shooter can be fine-tuned just before the tripod knob is fully tightened, so that the piston is positioned exactly right.

Again, use pliers or a vice to grasp the sheet metal for your safety.

Step 10: Mount the Camera, Hummingbird Shooter to the Tripod

Picture of Mount the Camera, Hummingbird Shooter to the Tripod

At this point, your'e basically finished. The camera mounts to the tripod exactly in the same manner as before, except the thin sheet metal plate is now sandwiched between the bottom of the camera and the tripod.

Step 11: Adjusting the Controls

Picture of Adjusting the Controls

Although the frame does not interfere with any controls, it does block easy access to some of them, so be sure to pre-adjust any settings that are obscured by the frame. In the case of my camera, the small zoom lever is immediately below the shutter release button, and I had to carve a groove into the frame to clear it. I've found that a large straightened paper clip can be pushed into the groove to adjust the zoom.

Step 12: Completed Project

Picture of Completed Project

Here's another view of the rig, complete. It attaches and detaches easily, and has no permanent effect on the camera.

Step 13: Yes, It Does Work

Picture of Yes, It Does Work

I completed this project just as hummingbird season was ending in my area, so I was only able to snap a few preliminary shots. Next year, I'm looking forward to experimenting with different zoom settings, flash vs. no flash, maybe some higher-speed flash, and so forth.

One camera setting I'll need to look into is the battery-saving feature my camera defaults to, which shuts down the camera after a period of inactivity. I missed a couple of good shots because the camera had gone to sleep without me realizing it. I can over ride this feature, it will just take a little digging in the manual to figure out how to do it.

Step 14: One Last Hummingbird Shot

Picture of One Last Hummingbird Shot


McClay14 (author)2013-08-05

aww, i thought this instructable was to show us you shooting a humming bird with a gun not a camera :,(

jexter (author)2010-07-27

Late to this Instructable, but:

A - great job, very useful and well presented, and
B - "CAUTION ! Whenever drilling sheet metal, there is a tendency for the bit to "grab" the sheet metal from your grasp, making a wicked rotary knife that can slice you up pretty good."

This should be include in any Instructable that involves working with sheet-metal. I worked in a sheet metal shop in the summers of my high school years, worked in construction to put myself through college, and have working with sheet metal on various projects ever since. I'm 45, and as comfortable with sheet metal work as a seamstress is with cloth.
Six months ago I was mocking up a 3-axis sled for a camera mound, and ignored these basic facts:
1 - sheet metal edges are really REALLY sharp, and
2 - sheet metal tends to grab the drill bit and spin if not well secured.

I was in a hurry, and "just reaming out a hole a little", so I held the piece in my left hand against a wood backing plate and started to drill. I can't describe how fast that 2" x 1" piece of metal turned into a high-speed blade, slicing into the tip of my left index finger at least 5 or 6 times before I could get my hand out of the way (picture spiral cut ham!) .

The local clinic pulled it all together without any significant tissue loss, but it hurt like a mofo for weeks afterward, and I've lost most feeling in the tip of that finger, which is a lot more of a problem than you might think. And I was very lucky; I could have just as quickly lost that finger.

So keep trying out new ideas, and don't be afraid to try out new tools and materials, but always suit up and clamp down with the worst case scenario in mind. Let's be care out there!

beavercleaver (author)jexter2011-07-31

Very good advice, I cut completely through my index finger, with just one eighth inch of the meat left intact, the feeling will return in your damaged digit over time.

lbrewer42 (author)2009-03-12

Just the other day I was just thinking of needing a cable release for my camera. It was a passing thought and I wondered why digital cameras do not come standard with this feature. I know the mechanism instead of mechanical and some cameras also have remotes. But a couple of slots molded into the case and positioned so you could have a small, clamp-on attachment for a cable release would be a good idea (maybe a selling point also?).

Makescreenname (author)lbrewer422010-05-22

I agree.  In fact, I don't see any reason digital cameras couldn't be configured like all the old SLR;s used to be--with a threaded cable release fitting right in the top of the shutter release button.**  Seems like it would only cost them a tiny bit to drill the hole and thread it.  Maybe they want you to upgrade to more expensive cameras that have wireless or other electronbic remote capabilities.  My little Canon supposedly is able to electronically release via the mini USB port, but I don't consider using a laptop or even my little netbook as a camera release accessory very convenient or logical.
**See Tord's comment of April 8.  Apparently Fuji "gets it".

Tord (author)lbrewer422010-04-08

My Fuji S9000's release button is made for cable release - should work well for things like this!

struckbyanarrow (author)2010-02-13

i am totally going to make this but i might follow this design they sell online!

That's a nice rig.  Wish I 'd seen it sooner.  One problem for me is that I really don't have the metal-working equipment to do the precision work this device seems to require.  Probably could have gleaned a few ideas from it, though.

Thanks for sharing,

Happy Shooting!

I collected random metal bits and pieces to build it, and it was fairly simple.

Soupraok (author)2009-05-22

what do you type in ebay to find this?

Makescreenname (author)Soupraok2010-03-25

Sorry for the delay in responding.  Try searching ebay with something like "air release", or "pneumatic release", "air remote shutter release", "pneumatic shutter release", something with those terms.  Specify the photographic equipment or cameras/equipment categories. 

Happy shooting!

Crucio (author)Soupraok2009-09-13

I'd like to know the search terms too, please.

Phil B (author)Soupraok2009-06-01

I bought one of these in a camera store a couple of decades ago. It would be a squeeze bulb (pneumatic) remote shutter release, or some variation of that phrase.

guy90 (author)2010-03-25

Great upload, due to my lack of electrical skills' this rig seems simpler for me (Y)

flammel (author)2009-11-26

 Flash won't help at the distances you'll be shooting. You should use a faster shutter speed.

lilpepsikraker (author)2009-11-12

On the A75, I would use the 1/2000 shutter speed with the lowest f/ number (widest aperature). You don't need much in focus in that setup more than 5 feet or so, I'm guessing, so set it to manual focus too.
I personally never use flash outside unless I'm using it a fill flash, which is rarely.

The 4th Doctor (author)2009-10-25

just two changes would yield you much better pictures,use manual focus to lock onto the bird feeder, and set the shutterspeed as high it can go while still having a decently bright picture (maybe set up some kind of lighting or use flash)

you should be able to freeze the birds beating wing with something around 1/1000 of a second

cynical_chemical (author)2009-07-01

Check out my hummingbirds, there are pics up of them on my 'ible

Coolboyme (author)2009-06-19


woodgeek (author)2009-06-06

air cable shutter release will get a lot of hits.

conceptualstratagem (author)2007-12-19

Well I've almost completed my jerry rig, though it turned out to be some thing completely different than yours. I'm not interested in hummingbirds or nature photography, but knew this project was full of other potential uses. I've redesigned your bracket and added some features. The camera be set into the rig to prevent unwanted light from entering the lens. This rig will eventually hang from a custom crane attached to my work bench. Both of the cameras this works with have plastic tripod mounts, I suggest not to put any stress on these with a construction bracket, instead just sink a screw head bolt into the wood and use that as the tripod mount. Though this rig is still under completion, I thought its documentation might clear up some of the criticisms concerning its intended purpose. This works with Canon PowershotA75 and Nikon coolpix2100. I'm working on adding a power supply port because these cameras eat batteries. So far this has only taken me a day or so to make. Thanks Makescreenname I'm looking forward to reading your next instructable.

wow, great modifications. Way to innovate!

mweston (author)2009-06-01

Just a tip - before you go to wait to snap a picture, focus on the metal pole or feeder part - press the button down half way, but don't take the shot. Right now it looks like its focusing on the leaves and not the bird, this should yield a better result and then you won't have to worry about the camera going out of focus when you squeeze the bulb.

zjharva (author)2008-11-21

Hey this is a great instructable! At first when i looked at it i though "how can you shoot a hummingbird?" and "what kind of a sick, cruel person would shoot a hummingbird?" and then i realized it was pictures! :D

girrrrrrr2 (author)2007-06-28

but how much meat would you get???

BastardMan (author)girrrrrrr22007-08-09

Enough meat.

girrrrrrr2 (author)BastardMan2007-08-10

it would mostluy be tough... see the speed of the wings...

maker12 (author)girrrrrrr22008-02-01


girrrrrrr2 (author)maker122008-10-09


Bartboy (author)2008-06-14

The frame could be knex

Sandisk1duo (author)Bartboy2008-09-28

pretty much ANYTHING can by made out of K'nex

thoraxe (author)2008-03-12


zpersichetti (author)thoraxe2008-06-16

i hug trees a lot they smell good..........sumtimes i wonder if i deserve 2 be burned in a large drum of oil though

thoraxe (author)zpersichetti2008-06-16

well we're saving them from being in a landfill until they rot to death. They get to fuel our forges, grills, and guns.

zpersichetti (author)thoraxe2008-06-16

lol exactly

hehehehe dont forget our furnaces to stay warm while we look at out bear heads form the guns =]

=SMART= (author)2008-06-18

wow very good!

halomaster117 (author)2008-06-06

i had a big red flower on a table and sat very still for 10 min. and i got to hold the humming bird in my hand

Keith-Kid (author)2008-06-04

I love it! I've been looking for something like this!

Doveman (author)2008-06-02

I should try this. Hummers swarm our house by the hundreds, serously. We have up about 20 feeders. Its so cool, I like to stand really still at a feeder and see a hummer really up close. We also like to sit near one, and hold a stick or a fishing rod out, hoping that a hummer will take the time to rest on the end. Its awsome!

gmcc (author)2008-05-11

Not actually related to the instructable, but I noticed you had a red color liquid in your feeder. This is not needed because the red plastic top will do all the attraction, and it is debated as to whether the red dye might be harmful to the bird. Just FYI though.

JonH2O (author)2008-04-23

Looks like the center of the camera is centered on the trees behind it rather than the bird feeder. That's why it's out of focus.

codykage (author)JonH2O2008-04-29

its a just a normal digital camera so it wouldn't have manual focus so when you push the shutter realese it probably just auto-focuses on the shrubbery behind.

Spokehedz (author)codykage2008-05-09

That's bunk. I have the exact same camera, and it has a manual focus feature. Most POS (Point-and-shoot) cameras do, they are just a little bit harder to get to than on a DSLR. The camera is at home, but I will go home tonight and find out how to set it and post it here in this thread.

codykage (author)Spokehedz2008-05-10

oh it does? would love to know how because i never thought they did. wb

Spokehedz (author)codykage2008-05-10

Turn on camera. On the bottom, there will be a button that has a little flower next to it, and a MF. This is the Manual Focus. In that mode, the left and right buttons on the d-pad are used for setting the focus. It's not as easy to get the focus to be correct on these cameras as it is on a (D)SLR but it can be done. And if you always have it the same distance away, it's easy to figure out where it needs to be and set it there.

codykage (author)Spokehedz2008-05-10

oh i see. i always wondered how they would use manual focus on a personal digital cam. thanks but, does it focus slowly?

Spokehedz (author)Spokehedz2008-05-10

Ugh... I forgot how to actually set it the easy way. DOH! Turn on the camera. Switch it to the 'sports' mode. Hold up something BIG (like cardboard) where you want to have it focused. Press the autofocus button, it will chirp. Then press the MF button until you are in MF mode. There. Done. Focused perfectly, and it won't change ever again. Also, in the instructable, you wanted to prevent it from turning off automatically--that's in the settings, under 'auto power down'. Simply set it to 'no'. Although I would recommend hooking it up to a wall AC Adapter (it takes 4.3v, which you can find at radioshack) for those long picture taking sessions.

s666666666666 (author)2007-02-28

good job on tackling this on a point and shoot camera. With a DSLR it is a lot easier. Like ewilhelm i shot some good pictures of humming birds in the rainforest but without a hummingbird feeder in the background. It is nice to be where they are not scared of humans and you can stand very close and take pictures. So depending on how much time you have you might be able to just sit in one spot have the camera pointed and ready and chill out. best of luck to you man. take lots of pictures!

n2wishin (author)s6666666666662008-03-08

plant some hollyhocks for a more natural background, also honeysuckle, they luuuuv those.

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